I. Why does the “youth culture” transform into the “counterculture?”
A. Kennedy- symbol of youth
1. clarion call—“ask not…”
B. What role do southern Democrats in Congress play?
C. Civil Rights
1. Freedom Riders
2. FBI response
3. Voter Education Project
4. Ole Miss tries to bar the door…
5. “Bombingham,” Bull Conner, and segregation
6. “I Have a Dream…”
D. Kennedy—the death of a dream?
E. Freedom Summer and Mississippi Burning….
1. 24th Amendment
2. Miss. Freedom Democratic Party
3. March on Selma
4. Voting Rights Act 1965
F. Black Power
1. from MLK to Medgar to Malcolm—how is the second wave different? (What do these three all have in common?)
2. Black Panthers
4. Difference between northern and southern blacks’ concerns
G. Resistance to Vietnam
1. “Children’s Crusade” in ’68
2. “Trust no one over…”
3. Free Speech Movement
H. S–, D—-, and R— and R—
II. Kennedy versus the Commies
A. Khrushchev’s attitude
B. Berlin Wall
C. Common Market and “Atlantic Community”
1. What IS it with the French?
2. “Brushfire wars”—where and why?
D. ‘Nam an “flexible response”
1. How did we get into Vietnam?
E. What was the purpose of the Alliance for Progress?
F. Bay of Pigs and Missiles in “Cuber?”
G. In the end, how do we assess Kennedy?
1. Foreign policy
2. Domestic policy
III. Johnson Takes Over, Surprises (and Dismays) Many
A. CRA of 1964
1. What is affirmative action?
C. “War on Poverty” and the “Great Society”
1. What were the main programs?
2. Entitlement” and other effects
D. Criticism of Johnson by the GOP in 1964
1. Barry Goldwater—In Your Guts…
(EXTRA CREDIT: LOOK UP THE “DAISY” COMMERCIAL ON THE ‘NET AND EXPLAIN THE SYMBOLISM IN IT!!! DO THIS ON A SEPARATE SHEET DUE MONDAY)
E. How does Vietnam eventually bring LBJ low?
F. In the end, how do we assess Johnson?
1. Foreign policy
2. Domestic policy
2. Tonkin Gulf
3. Rolling Thunder
4. Hawks, Doves, and Dominoes
2. Eugene McCarthy and J. William Fulbright
5. Draft Dodgers
6. How do you “save” Vietnam by destroying it?
V. Nixon? During the Counterculture? Why?
Go here (http://www.america.gov/st/educ-english/2008/April/20080423213340eaifas0.8454951.html) to read historian Milton Greenberg on how the GI Bill affected American society.
Although copies were handed out in class, here are the questions over this reading in case you lose them. These are due Friday. Make sure you do your own work and answer thoroughly.
Questions for Understanding
1. (Background research) What were the specific provisions of the GI Bill of Rights? What was its other name?
2. What group was instrumental in getting this law passed? What was the history of this organization? (You can use your book and previous class notes as well as the internet)
3. What previous historical events influenced support for this bill? Explain why these events increased support for this program.
4. How was this law “democratic?” Was this a “radical” expansion of government power? Explain.
5. How much was the unemployment insurance? What was the justification for this? What were fears about the precedent this set?
6. What impact did this have on higher education and attitudes toward education? Be completely thorough in your answer.
7. What kind of help was offered to veterans who did not or could not go to college?
8. How did the GI Bill help change the real estate market?
You can read the speech as you watch for full effect.
Given the night before he was assassinated in 1968.
Here is Walter Cronkite, the greatest newsman of that time, reporting Dr. King’s assassination to the world:
Outbursts of sorrow and rage then lit up America as riots broke out in some cities in America.
This is priceless, and will give you some perspective on the paranoia that gripped the nation.
A Short propaganda video about the Marshall Plan. And why was this necessary? Here’s an explanation:
Here is a link to a brief article outlining the science behind the bomb: http://www.lanl.gov/history/postwar/development.shtml. Make sure especially you remember who Edward Teller is.
The first test took place on Elugaleb Island in the Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands on October 31, 1952. The bomb was referred to by the nickname “the sausage.”
Here is a short film with sound and narration of the first test explosion:
This one shows the shock wave traveling from the bomb:
And here the US entered the “thermonuclear age.” How big was the explosion?
According to http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Tests/Ivy.html, “The mushroom cloud climbed to 57,000 feet in only 90 seconds, entering the stratosphere. One minute later it reached 108,000 feet, eventually stabilizing at a ceiling of 120,000 feet. Half an hour after the test the mushroom stretched 60 miles across, with the base of the mushroom head joining the stem at 45,000 feet.” The fireball from the explosion reached a width of 3.5 miles. The crater was 6200 feet wide and 164 feet deep.
The "Mushroom Cloud from the Ivy Mike test
Here is a before and after photo of Eleugaleb Island:
And as impressive as this was, it was not the largest thermonuclear device ever exploded by the US. That honor went to the CASTLE Bravo Test in 1954, where we accidentally nuked a Japanese fishing boat. More on that coming soon…
Comparison Chart of Seismic events
The Alaskan Earthquake of 1964 was the worst one recorded in the US. Here is info here: http://www.aeic.alaska.edu/quakes/Alaska_1964_earthquake.html
The ones here in Missouri between 1811 and 1812 actually made the Mississippi forge a new path and flow northward for a time: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/events/1811-1812.php