On why the Puritans came the America….
Archive for May, 2011
I am very proud of all of you!
I know you all did great on the test today! I hope you have a safe and relaxing weekend!
Next week the schedule for PHS will be BBCCA due to EOC testing. We will have our last test Tuesday, May 17. It will be over Chapters 39-41.
Please bring all of your AP study materials to class next week so that we can debrief about the test and I can evaluate our review process for myself. Bring all missing work to class next week so we can fill in the holes on your grades.
Treaties and Purchases that have made the US what it is today….
1. 1783-Peace of Paris- the treaty that ended the American Revolution established the newly independent US at being bounded on the north by Canada, on the South by Spanish Florida, on the east by the Atlantic, and on the west by the Mississippi River. These terms, especially about the boundary of Canada, were not very well defined, however. In fact, the US did not permanently settle its border with Canada until 1925!
2. 1803- Louisiana Purchase Treaty- the boundary of the US is moved from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains, containing the western watershed of the Mississippi River including the Missouri, a major tributary.
3. 1818- Convention of 1818- treaty with Britain allowing joint occupation of the Oregon Country for ten years, established the 49th parallel as the northern boundary of that part of the US that had been gained through the Louisiana Purchase from the Lake of the Woods to the Rockies. We therefore gave up part of what is now southern Alberta province to the US. This treaty also including the gain of fishing rights off eastern Canada for the US.
4. 1819- Adams-Onis Treaty (Florida Purchase Treaty)- Spain gave Florida to the US in exchange for the US payment of $5 million in claims by citizens against the Spanish and giving up part of some claims to Texas along the Sabine River.
5. 1820- Maine gains statehood as part of the Missouri Compromise, but its border with Canada is disputed. Although the King of the Netherlands was called in to try to negotiate a settlement, that treaty was rejected by the US Senate. The border will not be settled until 1842 after the Aroostook War….
6. 1842- Webster-Ashburton Treaty – After the Aroostook or Lumberjack War, our secretary of state, Daniel Webster, opened negotiations with Alexander Baring, Baron Ashburton. The boundary between Maine and Canada all along the Great Lakes, to the Lake of the Woods was determined. Of the 12,000 square miles of disputed territory, the US got 7,000 and Britain got 5,000.
7. 1845- Texas is annexed by a joint resolution in the lame duck period of president Tyler’s administration. President-elect Polk had already made it clear that he was in favor of annexation as a part of the doctrine of what would later be known as Manifest Destiny. Texas- boundaries at the time includes parts of New Mexico and Colorado as far as the southern boundary of the Oregon Country.
8. 1846- Oregon Treaty- The southern half of the Oregon Country is ceded to the US on June 15 as the US prepared for war with Mexico. The US does not insist on its claim of “54’40° or Fight,” but instead continues the 49th parallel, approximately as the boundary between the US and Canada to the Pacific, with Canada also receiving all of Vancouver Island.
9. 1848- Treaty of Guadelupe-Hidalgo- Mexico cedes the Mexican Cession after they are defeated in the Mexican War. The US receives Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and the remainder of Colorado west of the Rockies. Texas’ current boundary will later be fixed as part of the Compromise of 1850.
10. 1853- Gadsden Purchase- the Southern boundaries of Arizona and New Mexico is purchased from Mexico (supposedly to allow a southern route for the proposed transcontinental railroad). The US paid $10,000,000 for approximately 30,000 square miles of cactus, sand, and lizards, just so that Southerners would stop standing in the way of passage of a transcontinental railroad bill. What wouldn’t we do to mollify the Southerners?
11. 1867- Alaska Purchase Treaty- Secretary of State Seward was accused of folly when he purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million dollars for approximately 586,000 square miles of frozen tundra and rainforest—oh, and gold and oil. That worked out to about two cents an acre, by the way. Russia was willing to deal because they were afraid that their weakness after the Crimean War would enable the US to take it without compensation.
12. 1898- Hawai’i is annexed by the Newlands Resolution on June 6, after the US Senate refused to ratify a treaty negotiated between the US and the fraudulent “Republic of Hawaii.” This occurred while the US was at war (for ten weeks) with Spain.
13. 1925- Canada- US Boundary Treaty- we finally nail down where in the Lake of the Woods the boundary with Canada is, so we swap out a few acres.
So that’s how we got the boundaries of the United STATES.
But we have other territory which is not parts of states.
AND also… the US claimed uninhabited islands to mine bird and bat poop throughout the world based on the Guano Islands Act of 1856.
And we gained territory from the Spanish- American War….
And we gained territory from World War II.
- GEORGE W. BUSH Known as “43”
- WOODROW WILSON President during World War I
- JAMES MADISON Father of the Constitution
- ANDREW JACKSON Known as “Old Hickory”
- BENJAMIN AND WILLIAM HARRISON the only grandfather-grandson combination of presidents
- JAMES BUCHANAN President before Abraham Lincoln
- THOMAS JEFFERSON Founded the University of Virginia
- JAMES POLK associated with Manifest Destiny
- RUTHERFORD HAYES nicknamed “Old 8-7” or “Rutherfraud”
- WILLIAM HARRISON 1st president to die in office (and serve shortest term)
- HARRY TRUMAN Born in Missouri (please!)
- JIMMY CARTER The “Man from Plains,” known for his toothy grin
- GERALD FORD Only president not elected
- RONALD REAGAN nicknamed “the Great Communicator”
- ABRAHAM LINCOLN 1st president to be assassinated
- THOMAS JEFFERSON (aaron burr) this president’s vice president was accused of and tried for treason
- RICHARD NIXON as a candidate for vice president, he gave a speech about a dog
- THOMAS JEFFERSON this president was also the first secretary of state
- BILL CLINTON his birth name was William Blythe
- JOHN KENNEDY 1st president to be Roman Catholic
- WOODROW WILSON after he suffered a stroke, trying to urge ratification of a treaty, the rumor was that his wife ran the country
- JAMES MADISON had to flee the White House as the British advanced
- WARREN HARDING known for being influenced by his friends who were called “the Ohio Gang”
- ULYSSES GRANT effective general, ineffective president
- GROVER CLEVELAND only president to serve two non-consecutive terms
- RICHARD NIXON first president to resign
- THOMAS JEFFERSON first president inaugurated in Washington DC
- ANDREW JOHNSON only president who never attended school
- RONALD REAGAN only president to be divorced
- JOHN ADAMS AND JOHN QUINCY ADAMS first father-son combination of presidents
- 12- WASHINGTON, JACKSON, W. HARRISON, TAYLOR, PIERCE, A. JOHNSON, GRANT, HAYES, GARFIELD, ARTHUR, B. HARRISON, EISENHOWER Which presidents had held the rank of general?
- EISENHOWER- 5 STAR GENERAL Which president held the highest rank in the US military before election as president?
- T. ROOSEVELT, NEGOTIATED END OF RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR IN 1904 Which president was the first American to receive the Nobel Prize, and why?
- T.ROOSEVELT 1905, WILSON 1919, CARTER 2002, OBAMA 2008 (VP GORE)Which presidents have received the Nobel Peace Prize?
- WILSON president with a Ph.D.
- HOOVER first president to be born west of the Mississippi
- JFK (1918) first president born in the 20th century
- BUCHANAN only president who never married
- GRANT first president to host black leaders in the White House
- CLEVELAND 1884 AND 1892 only president to serve two non-consecutive terms in office
- TYLER AND CLEVELAND (IN WH) married while in office
- CLEVELAND only non-veteran of the Civil War to serve as president during 1868-1900
- WASHINGTON only president to claim no political party for entire presidency
- FDR (GARNER, WALLACE, TRUMAN) president to have three different vice presidents
- MADISON (SEE A24 in your book) only president to have two vice presidents die while in office
- FORD shot at by a follower of Charles Manson
- TRUMAN shot at by Puerto Rican nationalists
- JEFFERSON AND ADAMS (JULY 4, 1826) these presidents died on exactly the same day, which was also the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of independence
- CLINTON was a Rhodes scholar
- A JOHNSON first president impeached
- TAFT only president to serve on the Supreme Court after being president
- J Q ADAMS only president to serve in the House of Representatives after being president
- FDR longest presidency
- 42 If Barack Obama is the 44th president, how many presidents have there been before him?
- BUSH 2000 Last president to have been elected with less than a majority of the popular vote
- W HARRISON (30 DAYS, 12 HOURS, 30 MIN) shortest presidency
- W HARRISON 1840 first Whig president
- TAYLOR 1848 last Whig president
- T ROOSEVELT (42 YRS, 322 DAYS) Youngest person to serve as president
- REAGAN (69 YRS 11 MONTHS) Oldest person elected president
- WASHINGTON (6’4”) Tallest president
- MADISON (5’4”) Shortest president
- BARACK OBAMA First president not born in the continental US
- TAYLOR (15 W/ 2 WIVES) President with the most children
- G W BUSH Only president with an MBA
- COOLIDGE (1876) Only president born on the 4th of July
- JAMES most common first name
- EPISCOPALIAN most common religious affiliation
- 26 how many presidents were also lawyers?
- $25,000 (GW FIRST DECLINED IT) First presidential salary
- 12 (GRANT-MCKINLEY EXCEPT CLEVELAND) Served in the Union Army during the Civil War
This website is good: http://www.thehistorybox.com/ny_city/panics/panics_article1c.htm
Literature and Document Review
Identify the Quotes By Document, Author (and date!), and significance
1. “I have lost two, one after another,–left ‘em buried there when I came away; and I had only this one left. I never slept a night without him; he was all I had. He was my comfort and pride, day and night; and, ma’am, they were going to take him away from me,–to sell him,–sell him down south, ma’am, to go all alone,–a baby that had never been away from his mother in his life!”
2. “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”
3. “The history of Sea Power is largely, though by no means solely, a narrative of contests between nations, of mutual rivalries, of violence frequently culminating in war. The profound influence of sea commerce upon the wealth and strength of countries was clearly seen long before the true principles which governed its growth and prosperity were detected.”
4. “But where says some is the King of America? I’ll tell you Friend, he reigns above, and doth not make havoc of mankind like the Royal Brute of Britain…let it be brought forth placed on the divine law, the word of God; let a crown be placed thereon, by which the world may know, that so far as we approve of monarchy, that in America THE LAW IS KING.”
5. “[T]he meat would be shoveled into carts, and the man who did the shoveling would not trouble to lift out a rat even when he saw one—there were things that went into the sausage in comparison with which a poisoned rat was a tidbit.”
6. “To cherish and stimulate the activity of the human mind, by multiplying the objects of enterprise, is not among the least considerable of the expedients, by which the wealth of a nation may be promoted.”
7. “The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development.”
8. “The problem that has no name — which is simply the fact that American women are kept from growing to their full human capacities — is taking a far greater toll on the physical and mental health of our country than any known disease.”
9. I will be as harsh as truth, and uncompromising as justice… I am in earnest, I will not equivocate, I will not excuse, I will not retreat a single inch, and I will be heard. … Enslave the liberty of but one human being and the liberties of the world are put in peril.
10. “What does it mean when commissioners sent by the President to induce a band of Indians to go on a reservation to live, tell them that they shall be subjected on that reservation ‘merely to the same just and equal laws’ by which the president and ‘all his people are ruled?’ And still more, what is the explanation of their being so apparently unaware of the enormity of the lie that they leave it on the official record, signed by their names in full? It is only explained, as thousands of other things in the history of our dealings are only to be explained, by the habitual indifference, carelessness, and inattention with which questions relative to Indian affairs and legislation thereon are handled and disposed of, in whatever way seems easiest and shortest for the time being.”
11. “AMONG the numerous advantages promised by a well constructed Union, none deserves to be more accurately developed than its tendency to break and control the violence of faction… By a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.”
12. “The growing disposition to tax more and more heavily large estates left at death is a cheering indication of the growth of a salutary change in public opinion…. Of all forms of taxation this seems the wisest. Men who continue hoarding great sums all their lives, the proper use of which for public ends would work good to the community from which it chiefly came, should be made to feel that the community, in the form of the State, cannot thus be deprived of its proper share. By taxing estates heavily at death the State marks its condemnation of the selfish millionaire’s unworthy life.”
13. “If a thousand [citizens] were not to pay their tax-bills this year, that would not be a violent and bloody measure, as it would be to pay them, and enable the State to commit violence and shed innocent blood. This is, in fact, the definition of a peaceable revolution, if any such is possible.”
14. “Whenever they’s a fight so hungry people can eat, I’ll be there. Whenever they’s a cop beatin’ up a guy, I’ll be there… I’ll be in the way guys yell when they’re mad an’-I’ll be in the way kids laugh when they’re hungry an’ they know supper’s ready. An’ when our folks eat the stuff they raise an’ live in the houses they build-why, I’ll be there.”
15. Now, the typical American citizen is the business man. The typical business man is a bad citizen; he is busy. If he is a “big business man” and very busy, he does not neglect, he is busy with politics, oh, very busy and very businesslike…. He is a self-righteous fraud, this big business man. He is the chief source of corruption, and it were a boon if he would neglect politics. But he is not the business man that neglects politics; that worthy is the good citizen, the typical business man. He too is busy, he is the one that has no use and therefore no time for politics. When his neglect has permitted bad government to go so far that he can be stirred to action, he is unhappy, and he looks around for a cure that shall be quick, so that he may hurry back to the shop.”
16. “Our affluent society contains those of talent and insight who are driven to prefer poverty, to choose it, rather than to submit to the desolation of an empty abundance. It is a strange part of the other America that one finds in the intellectual slums.”
17. “As we have proved our loyalty to you in the past, in nursing your children, watching by the sick-bed of your mothers and fathers, and often following them with tear-dimmed eyes to their graves, so in the future, in our humble way, we shall stand by you with a devotion that no foreigner can approach, ready to lay down our lives, if need be, in defense of yours, interlacing our industrial, commercial, civil, and religious life with yours in a way that shall make the interests of both races one. In all things that are purely social we can be as separate as the fingers, yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress.”
18. “By preferring the support of domestic to that of foreign industry, he intends only his own security; and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention. Nor is it always the worse for the society that it was not part of it. By pursuing his own interest he frequently promotes that of the society more effectually than when he really intends to promote it. I have never known much good done by those who affected to trade for the public good. It is an affectation, indeed, not very common among merchants, and very few words need be employed in dissuading them from it.”
19. “These sprays, dusts, and aerosols are now applied almost universally to farms, gardens, forests, and homes — nonselective chemicals that have the power to kill every insect, the “good” and the “bad,” to still the song of birds and the leaping of fish in the streams, to coat the leaves with a deadly film, and to linger on in soil — all this though the intended target may be only a few weeds or insects. Can anyone believe it is possible to lay down such a barrage of poisons on the surface of the earth without making it unfit for all life? They should not be called “insecticides,” but “biocides.”
20. “It took the jury less than 90 minutes to find Liddy and McCord guilty of all the counts against them. Liddy stood impassive with his arms folded defiantly as the court clerk read the jury’s verdict, repeating the “guilty” six times. McCord stood stoically as the word was pronounced eight times, once for each count. Sirica ordered both jailed without bail.”
21. “It is, then, the strife of all honorable men and women of the twentieth century to see that in the future competition of the races the survival of the fittest shall mean the triumph of the good, the beautiful, and the true; that we may be able to preserve for future civilization all that is really fine and noble and strong, and not continue to …Daily the Negro is coming more and more to look upon law and justice, not as protecting safeguards, but as sources of humiliation and oppression. The laws are made by men who have little interest in him; they are executed by men who have absolutely no motive for treating the black people with courtesy and consideration; and, finally, the accused law-breaker is tried, not by his peers, but too often by men who would rather punish ten innocent Negroes than let one guilty one escape.”
22. “In 1956, almost any type of election that could conceivably be held in Vietnam would, on the basis of present trends, give the Communists a very significant if not decisive victory…..Nationalist appeal in Vietnam is so closely identified with Ho Chi Minh and the Viet-Minh movement, even in areas outside communist control, candidates and issues connected with ‘nationalism’ and supported by the Viet-Minh would probably be supported by the majority of the people.”
23. “We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed…. Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere…. One has not only a legal, but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws.”
24. “The problem of the children becomes, in these swarms, to the last degree perplexing. Their very number makes one stand aghast. I have already given instances of the packing of the child population in East Side tenements. They might be continued indefinitely until the array would be enough to startle any community. For, be it remembered, these children with the training they receive—or do not receive—with the instincts they inherit and absorb in their growing up, are to be our future rulers, if our theory of government is worth anything. More than a working majority of our voters now register from the tenements.”
Creatures only a history teacher could love. What were these things from chapters 22-28?
1. “Whitewashed rebels”
3. “the bloody chasm”
5. “dark horse” candidates
6. “pork-barrel” bills
7. “the Grange”
8. “Drake’s Folly”
9. “Seward’s Folly”
10. “yellow dog” contracts
12. “normal schools”
13. the “Gilded Age”
16. “dry” states
Once again, no idea where I got it, but it is handy… (another pdf, so click to open)