Review Questions for April 2
1. Which of the following is true of the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890?
A. It had little immediate impact on the regulation of large corporations.
B. It quickly limited the number of mergers taking place.
C. It led to federal control of railroads.
D. It forced businesses to adopt pooling agreements.
E. It ended effective cooperation between business and the federal government.
2. From the 1880s to the beginning of the New Deal, the dominant American Indian policy of the United States government sought to
A. strengthen traditional tribal authority
B. relocate all American Indians to the Oklahoma territory
C. encourage American Indian emigration to Canada
D. encourage American Indians to preserve their languages and religions
E. break up tribal landholdings
3. During the last quarter of the nineteenth century, American agriculture was characterized by
A. a decline in the number of tenant farmers
B. a decline in the foreclosures of midwestern farms
C. a decline in the number of farm cooperatives
D. an increase in wholesale prices for farm products
E. an increase in acres under cultivation
4. Helen Hunt Jackson’s A Century of Dishonor was significant because it aroused public awareness of the
A. injustice of having taken land from Mexico in the Southwest
B. need for reforms in federal land policy
C. wrongs that the federal government had inflicted on American Indians
D. hardships endured by Chinese laborers while building the transcontinental railroad
E. plight of sharecroppers in the Deep South
5. The intent of the Dawes Act of 1887 was to
A. assimilate American Indians into the mainstream of American culture
B. recognize and preserve the tribal cultures of American Indians
C. legally establish the communal natures of the American Indians
D. restore to American Indians land seized unjustly
E. remove all American Indians to the Indian Territory (Oklahoma)
6. Jacob Riis’ How the Other Half Lives is a study of
A. Jim Crow segregation and its effect on African Americans
B. the plight of Great Plains farmers in the 1890s
C. immigrant urban poverty and despair in the 1890s
D. the corruption in city political machines in the 1890s
E. the rise of industrial capitalists in the late nineteenth century
7. The precipitating factor in the 1894 Pullman strike was Pullman’s
A. dismissal of union workers
B. introduction of scrip in part payment of wages
C. retraction of its promise to provide an employee insurance and retirement plan
D. employment of immigrant labor at less than a living wage
E. cutting of wages without proportionate cuts in company housing rents
8. In his “Atlanta Compromise” speech, Booker T. Washington called for which of the following?
A. African American voting rights
B. an end to racial segregation
C. support for African American self-help
D. educational equality for African Americans
E. racial integration of religious organizations
9. All of the following account for nativist sentiment against the “new immigrants” of the late nineteenth century EXCEPT that the immigrants
A. practiced different religions
B. had different languages and cultures
C. were willing to work for lower wages than were native-born workers
D. were not familiar with the United States political system
E. dominated the professions of law, medicine, and engineering
10. Which of the following was primarily responsible for the declining death rate in American cities at the end of the nineteenth century?
A. Fewer poor people moved to the cities in the late nineteenth century.
B. Cities began to provide free medical care to those who needed it.
C. Doctors began to provide free medical care to poor people.
D. Better transportation enabled more people to seek medical care.
E. Cities built sewers and purified water.