Because the US insisted that war debts from WWI be repaid,
A. the French and British demanded enormous reparations from Germany.
B. the German mark was drastically deflated.
C. the Germans began a series of austerity measures.
D. the US became more involved in European affairs to ensure repayment.
E. nearly all US allies repaid their loans.
During the 1920s, the Supreme Court
A. aimed at supporting organized labor
B. rigorously upheld antitrust laws
C. generally promoted regulation of the economy
D. upheld small business at the expense of big business
E. often ruled against progressive legislation
Union membership declined in the 1920s because
A. unions were accused of being trusts.
B. many workers were too poor to pay the dues.
C. unions had been accused of being Communist organizations.
D. immigrants refused to join unions, since they were willing to work cheap.
E. the government made union membership illegal.
The National Recovery Act failed largely because
A. the agency did not have enough power to control business.
B. Harold Ickes, the head of the agency, was incompetent.
C. it required too much self-sacrifice on the part of industry, labor, and the public.
D. businesses resisted cooperating with the regulations on constitutional grounds.
E. it did not provide enough protection for labor to bargain with management.
In the mid-1920s, President Coolidge twice refused to sign legislation proposing to
A. lower taxes
B. defend the family farm against corporate takeovers
C. exempt farmers’ cooperatives from anti-trust laws
D. subsidize farm prices
E. make the US a member of the World Court
FDR’s initial “managed currency” policy aimed to
A. stimulate inflation.
B. reduce the price of gold.
C. restore confidence in banks.
D. reduce the amount of money in circulation.
E. shake up the Federal Reserve Board.
In the ratio of “5-5-3” used in the Five Power Treaty, the “3” was to be applied to
In the Adkins decision, the Supreme Court ruled that
A. federal child labor laws were unconstitutional
B. women had the right to sue for equal pay for equal work
C. anti-union “right-to-work” laws were constitutional
D. women were no longer entitled to special protection in the workplace
E. federal maternity benefits did not constitute unequal treatment.
Marcus Garvey, founder of the United Negro Improvement Association, is known for all of the following EXCEPT
A. establishing schools to teach trades
B. promoting black-owned businesses
C. cultivating feelings of self-reliance among American blacks
D. being sent to prison after a conviction for fraud
E. promoting the resettlement of American blacks in Africa
Which of these was NOT a consequence of the American policy of raising tariffs during the 1920s?
A. the postwar chaos was prolonged
B. international economic distress deepened
C. American foreign trade declined
D. European nations raised their own tariffs
E. the American economy slipped into a recession by 1927
The automobile revolution resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
A. increased dependence of women on men
B. consolidation of schools
C. the growth of suburbs
D. a loss of population in less attractive states
E. altered youthful dating behavior
The ________ was an “alphabetical agency” set up under Hoover to bring the government into the anti-Depression effort.
A. National Recovery Administration (NRA)
B. Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
C. Works Progress Administration (WPA)
D. Agricultural Adjustment Agency (AAA)
E. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)