Archive for March 24th, 2008

MC practice for 2008- 1

These are review questions to help you study for the exam.

1. The original settlers of what eventually became known as New York were from
a. Sweden
b. Netherlands
c. Great Britain
d. France
e. Germany

2. Colonies such as the Carolinas were known as “restoration colonies” because
a. their creation was mainly due to the restoration of the Stuarts to the English throne
b. they were created as places to send criminals to restore them to civilized behavior and give them a chance to lead honest lives
c. their creation was mainly due to an effort by the English government to restore a balance of power in the New World between the thriving English colonies in New England and the struggling English colonies in the South
d. their creation was mainly due to the restoration of the power of the English Parliament over the king
e. their creation was an attempt to restore the supremacy of the Anglican church in the colonies

3. By 1760, the biggest problem with the economy of the English colonies was
a. smuggling
b. a trade surplus so large that England was threatening to confiscate American assets to help balance the English economy
c. a lack of demand for vast quantities of high-quality American manufactured goods, leading to high unemployment in the colonies
d. a huge balance-of-trade deficit that threatened the solvency of the colonial economy
e. a lack of adequate deep-water ports to provide loading and unloading facilities for the large ships now making up a large part of the merchant marine

4. One of the main factors which enabled Europeans to conquer Native Americans with relative ease was
a. the pacifistic nature of the natives.
b. the settled agricultural societies of North America.
c. the absence of dense concentrations of population or complex nation-states.
d. the use of native guides.
e. all of the above.

5. The Christian crusaders were indirectly responsible for the discovery of the New World because they
a. were victorious over the Muslims.
b. brought back news of valuable Eastern spices, drugs, and silk.
c. succeeded in establishing improved economic relations between Muslims and Christians.
d. returned with captured Muslim maps showing North and South America.
e. developed better navigational devices.

6. The flood of precious metal from the New World to Europe resulted in
a. a price revolution that lowered consumer costs.
b. the growth of capitalism.
c. a reduced amount of trade with Asia.
d. more money for France and Spain but less for Italy and Holland.
e. little impact on the world economy.

7. The financial means for England’s first permanent colonization in America were provided by
a. a joint-stock company.
b. a royal proprietor.
c. Queen Elizabeth I.
d. the law of primogeniture.
e. an expanding wool trade.

8. Captain John Smith’s role at Jamestown can best be described as
a. very limited.
b. saving the colony from collapse.
c. persuading the colonists to continue their hunt for gold.
d. worsening the colonists’ relationship with the Indians.
e. reducing the terrible death toll.

9. The introduction of horses brought about significant change in the life of the Lakotas, since from this they
a. were forced to move to the west.
b. became sedentary forest dwellers.
c. died out.
d. lost their oral traditions.
e. became nomadic hunters.

10. Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia were all similar in that they were all
a. economically dependent upon the export of a staple crop.
b. proprietary colonies.
c. founded after the restoration of Charles II to the throne.
d. founded as refuges for persecuted sects in England.
e. able to live in peace with the Native Americans.

Chapter 35 terms

Chapter 35 America in World War II, 1941-1945
Identify the historical significance of the following:
ABC-1,  “Double V,” Office of Price Administration,
Smith-Connelly Act,  baby boomers, merchant marine,
“warfare-welfare state,” Enigma,  Detroit riot,
saboteurs,  internment camps,  War Production Board,
Issei, Nissei, black market,
Smith-Conally Act, WAACS, WAVES,
SPARS, GI,  “Rosie the Riveter,”
Sunbelt,  A. Philip Randolph, Fair Employment Practices Comm.,
braceros,  CORE,  code talkers,
zoot-suit riots, OSRD,  Bataan/Corregidor,
Douglas MacArthur,  Battle of the Coral Sea, Chester Nimitz,
Battle of Midway,  Guadalcanal,  leapfrogging,
wolf packs,  “Desert Fox,”  Bernard Montgomery,
Stalingrad,   Dwight Eisenhower,  Casablanca Conference,
unconditional surrender,  Teheran,  D-Day,
Aachen, George S. Patton, underground/resistance,
Thomas E. Dewey,  Henry A. Wallace, Battle of the Bulge,
Harry S. Truman,  V-E Day,   Okinawa,
kamikazes,  “soft underbelly,” Potsdam Conference,
Hiroshima,  Nagasaki,  USS Missouri,
Korematsu v. US,   V-J Day, Executive Order No. 9066,
B-29s,  Saipan,   “silent service,”
El Alamein ,  Big Two,  “Marianas Turkey Shoot,”
Iwo Jima, Jiang Jeshi,  Anzio
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain how the decision to seek unconditional surrender of Germany was a potentially controversial decision. Outline the basic strategy used to defeat Hitler.
— Explain why Germany was the first target of the allies.  What particular danger did Hitler pose by the time America entered the war?
— Explain the reasons an invasion of Japan was so widely feared, and demonstrate what effect this fear had on the creation of an atomic bomb.