These were revised as of 1:30 pm on December 17
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 was a significant achievement because it
A. land claim to all of North America east of the Mississippi River.
B. represented one of the rare successes of diplomacy between the United States government and American Indians.
C. defined the process by which territories could become states.
D. opened all territories west of the states to slavery.
E. was the only piece of legislation to pass through Congress under the Articles of Confederation.
Reform movements during the first half of the nineteenth century attempted to accomplish all of the following EXCEPT
A. convince people not to drink alcohol.
B. bring about an end to slavery.
C. rehabilitate criminals.
D. induce humane treatment for the mentally ill.
E. widen the division between church and state.
Match each entrepreneur with the business area with which he is primarily identified.
X. Andrew Carnegie_______1. steel
Y. John D. Rockefeller_____2. oil
Z. J. Pierpont Morgan _____3. textiles
A. X-1, Y-3, Z-2
B. X-2, Y-4, Z-3
C. X-3, Y-1, Z-4
D. X-1, Y-2, Z-4
E. X-1, Y-4, Z-3
The major problem of the election of 1876 was
A. who would be Speaker of the House.
B. the two sets of election returns submitted by three Southern states.
C. Samuel Tilden’s association with corrupt politicians.
D. President Grant’s campaign for a third term.
E. the lack of a strong candidate for either party.
The most significant aspect of the Mexican-American War on the United States during the 20 years following the war was that it
A. led to the development of the idea of “passive resistance” among those who opposed the war.
B. ended years of hostility between the United States and Mexico.
C. revealed the shocking ineptitude of American military forces, leading to massive reforms in military training and procedures throughout the 1850s.
D. gave America undisputed control over Mexican foreign policy for the next 20 years.
E. reignited the slavery conflict in regards to all the territories newly acquired from Mexico.
The Free Soil movement supported the exclusion of slavery from the territories because of
A. its belief in racial justice.
B. its desire to dominate the political process.
C. the abundance of land which was unsuited for plantation agriculture..
D. its belief in the immorality of slavery.
E. racial prejudice and fear of labor competition from slaves.
The “South Carolina Exposition” was
A. an attempt to destroy the Union by a former vice president.
B. a pamphlet that advocated manifest destiny and imperialism.
C. a pamphlet that advocated nullification of a federal tariff.
D. a fair celebrating the creation of Kentucky.
E. a resolution demanding freedom of religion as well as the right to practice no religion whatsoever.
That the Southern states were “conquered provinces” and therefore at the mercy of Congress for readmission to the Union was the view of
A. War Democrats. D. President Lincoln.
B. congressional Republicans. E. President Johnson.
C. the Supreme Court.
The Gadsden Purchase was made in order to enable
A. a transcontinental railroad line to be built in the South.
B. Santa Anna to remain in power in Mexico.
C. the St. Louis Cardinals football team to move to Arizona in 1988, thereby completing a plot to make Arizonans understand what it’s like to lose. This season, LA feels the same way about us.
D. the US to then trade the land for Cuba.
E. Mexico to pay off its debts to American citizens.
The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was used from 1890 to 1910 primarily to curb the power of
A. manufacturing corporations. D. labor unions.
B. state legislatures. E. political machines.
C. railroad corporations.
The “cult of domesticity”
A. gave women more opportunity to seek employment outside the home.
B. resulted in a higher birth rate for women.
C. meant that women had legal status only under the protection of a man.
D. encouraged women to work in female occupations such as cook or maid.
E. idealized women’s influence on the home while discouraging outside interests.
In the late 19th century, political candidates who “waved the bloody shirt” were reminding voters
A. of the “treason” of the Confederate Democrats during the Civil War.
B. that the Civil War had been caused by the election of a Republican president.
C. of the graft-filled “radical” regimes in the Reconstruction South.
D. that Radical Republicans catered to freed slaves during Reconstruction.
E. that the Ku Klux Klan was operating with the approval of Southern Democrats.
Thomas Paine argued that all government officials
A. were corrupt.
B. should derive their authority from popular consent.
C. should be part of the “natural aristocracy.”
D. need not listen to the voice of the uneducated.
E. should not be paid for their service
The main purpose of the Freedman’s Bureau was to
A. gain the vote for the freed slave
B. provide forty acres and a mule for each slave
C. get Radical Republicans in positions of power in the South
D. feed, adjust, and educate the former slaves
E. work against the Black Codes
The Second Great Awakening tended to
A. promote Biblical literalism but support social progressivism.
B. reduce the difference between social classes.
C. influence mainline religious denominations more than society at large.
D. discourage church membership.
E. emphasize rationalism over faith.
In general, ____ tended to bind the West and South together, while _____ and _____ connected West to East.
A. steamboats, canals, railroads D. turnpikes, steamboats, canals
B. railroads, canals, steamboats E. turnpikes, railroads, steamboats
C. canals, steamboats, turnpikes
The Compromise of 1877 resulted in
A. a renewal of the Republican commitment to protect black civil rights in the South.
B. the election of a Republican as president in exchange for the withdrawal of federal troops from the South.
C. the election of a Democrat to the presidency for the first time since 1856.
D. passage of the Bland-Allison Silver Purchase Act.
E. the beginning of American imperialism in the Caribbean.
“Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace—but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery?”
The author of the above excerpt is
A. John Hancock. D. Patrick Henry.
B. Nathan Hale. E. John Adams
C. Thomas Jefferson.
The next line of the above excerpt is
A. “If this be treason, let us make the most of it.”
B. “Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!”
C. “I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country.”
D. “To renounce liberty is to renounce being a man, to surrender the rights of humanity and even its duties.”
E. “Even God himself is on our side, and therefore, how can we fail?”
The main purpose of the post-Civil War Black Codes was
A. guarantee freedom for the blacks.
B. ensure a stable labor supply after the end of slavery.
C. allow blacks to have the right to marry.
D. prevent blacks from becoming sharecroppers.
E. prevent blacks from being free to move around the country at will.
The Mexican War resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
A. a one-third increase in the size of the US.
B. combat experience for many of the officers who would serve in the Civil War.
C. increased respect for American military capabilities.
D. friendlier relations between the US and Latin American nations.
E. increased tension between the North and the South over the expansion of slavery.
Shays’ Rebellion convinced many Americans of the need for
A. lower taxes.
B. granting long-delayed bonuses to Revolutionary War veterans.
C. a vigilante effort by westerners to halt the Indian threat.
D. a stronger central government.
E. a weaker military presence in the West.
The growth of the oil industry in the late 19th century led to a severe downturn in what other industry?
A. kerosene production D. railroads
B. coal E. steel
For Congressional Republicans in the late 1860s, one of the most troubling aspects of the Southern states’ restoration to the Union was that
A. the South, with each black counted as a full person, would be stronger than ever in national politics.
B. inexperienced Southern politicians would be elected, causing chaos in Congress.
C. blacks might be elected to Congress, and Washington was in Southern territory.
D. a high tariff might be reinstituted, harming booming Northern industries.
E. Southern representatives might attempt to obstruct the transcontinental railroad.
Radical Republican state governments
A. did little of value.
B. passed much desirable legislation and badly needed reforms.
C. were more corrupt than Northern state governments.
D. had all their reforms repealed by all-white “redeemer” governments.
E. collapsed before the end of the 1860s due to lack of tax revenue.
Ownership of workers’ homes, payment in scrip, ownership of grocery stores, and deductions from wages for rent were all characteristics of
A. company towns.
B. socialist experiments in the Midwest.
C. utopian communities like the Oneida community.
D. political machines.
E. laissez-faire economics.
Most women workers in the 1890s worked for
A. independence. D. personal fulfillment.
B. glamour. E. all of the above.
C. economic necessity.
During our first 25 years as a nation, one of the major problems facing America was
A. the rivalry between France and Great Britain.
B. the lack of good political leadership.
C. the continued fighting between the US and the Armed Neutrality League.
D. Indian affairs.
E. separation of church and state.
Radical congressional Reconstruction of the South ended when
A. the Southern states ratified the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments.
B. federal troops were removed.
C. President Johnson was not reelected in 1868.
D. the Supreme Court ruled in Ex parte Milligan that military tribunals could not try civilians.
E. Democrats regained control of Southern state governments.