Study questions for final exam

Study questions for Final Exam

These will concentrate more upon earlier information because I expect you to be more familiar with material we have recently covered in class.

1. Why did Irish and southern European immigrants to America in the 19th century tend to settle in cities?
2. How were the reform movements of the early 19th century influenced by the growth of the middle class?
3. How did the transportation revolution in the early 19th century lead to the development of a market revolution, especially when combined with the development of the factory system? How did construction of the Erie Canal affect New England farmers?
4. What were the main demands made at the Seneca Falls Convention?
5. What factors reinforced women’s subordination throughout the 19th century?
6. What caused the outbreak of utopian experiments in 19th century America? Why did so few of these experiments succeed?
7. What were the main tenets of transcendentalism, and what impact did this movement’s ideas have upon American culture?
8. Compare the causes of the First and Second Great Awakenings.
9. What factors caused the creation of a dynamic, market oriented national economy in the 19th century?
10. What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, and how successfully were those weaknesses addressed in the US Constitution?
11. What were the main ways in which the Puritans (and Separatists) disagreed with the Church of England?
12. How did the doctrine of “the elect” contribute to the concept of American exceptionalism that has influenced American society since the founding of European settlement in America?
13. How has the scarcity of labor impacted the development of America?
14. What were the differences between the First and Second Continental Congresses?
15. How was the Revolutionary War financed, and what impact did this have upon the early years of the Republic?
16. How did the theories of Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, and Hobbes influence revolutionary sentiment and the creation of the federal government?
17. “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; and among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” How egalitarian was early American society?
18. What were early political attitudes toward democracy during the colonial period, and how did these attitudes evolve by the time of the administration of Andrew Jackson? How democratic was the Constitution?
19. How was the concept of Manifest Destiny developed, and what impact did it have?
20. How did Southern apologists justify the continued existence of slavery in the antebellum period?
21. How did issues regarding interpretation of the Constitution lead to the development of political parties?
22. Describe the varieties of opinion regarding slavery in the North and West during the antebellum period.
23. How did the problem of unity among the colonies and later the states and sections create difficulties in the development of America, especially in reference to politics and economy?
24. Why did Reconstruction fail?
25. What economic impact did the Civil War have upon the North, the South, and the West?

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