MC practice 2- 2009

Review for your upcoming test on Tuesday

Multiple choice practice 2- January 30, 2009

1. All of the following were political objectives of the Populists EXCEPT
A. government ownership of major industries such as railroads and telegraphs
B. replacing regressive taxes with a graduated income tax
C. the free and unlimited coining of silver
D. direct election of US Senators
E. creating a national system of unemployment insurance

2. William Jennings Bryan became the presidential candidate of both the Democrats and the Populists in 1896 because of his support for
A. high protective tariffs to protect domestic industries
B. unlimited free coinage of silver
C. nationalizing the railroad industry
D. policies that would unite poor black and white farmers
E. a single six-year term for presidents

3. Coxey’s Army
A. reflected discontent with the government’s response to the depression in 1893
B. was the military wing of the Populist party
C. was the name given to supporters of Jacob Coxey’s candidacy for president in 1896
D. were strong advocates of the gold standard
E. were Democrats who switched their political allegiance to the Republicans in the 1896 election

4. Andrew Carnegie’s use of vertical integration was significant in that it
A. synthesized the various immigrant labor groups into one productive force
B. led to substantial cooperation between industry and banking
C. stimulated competition in the steel industry
D. allowed a capitalist to control all aspects of the production process
E. ultimately led to the construction of massive steel factories in Pittsburgh

5. Which of the following accurately reflects the impact that industrialization had upon the American worker?
A. The standard of living for most workers had declined by the late nineteenth century
B. The standard of living for most workers improved by the late nineteenth century, but workers had become mere mechanisms in the production process
C. Many wage laborers ultimately saved enough of their salaries to start their own businesses
D. Most workers cam to develop a lasting economic and social bond with their employers
E. Most workers experienced ever higher wages and even greater control over what they produced

6. In his “Gospel of Wealth,” Andrew Carnegie articulated the view that
A. the wealthy were entitled to their riches and had no responsibility to share it with others
B. only those born into wealth were the real economic leaders of the nation
C. religious leaders had a responsibility to convince their parishioners that success was attainable to those who worked hard
D. capitalism and Christianity were intimately related in the progress of individuals and nations
E. the wealthy were morally obligated to use some of their wealth for the improvement of society

7. The Industrial Workers of the World (the Wobblies) differed from other major trade unions in that
A. it sought to negotiate and mediate its differences with management
B. unlike other unions, it disdained using boycotts and strikes against capital
C. its objective was to eliminate private ownership of the means of production
D. it was recognized by capitalists as the legitimate bargaining agent of its members
E. it was outlawed by the US government

8. In order to promote the interests of labor, trade unions of the late 19th century would support
A. the open shop
B. unilateral bargaining
C. subsistence wages
D. the yellow dog contract
E. the closed shop

9. The railroad strike of 1877
A. was the first time a president ordered US troops to stop a strike
B. led to significant wage increases for railroad workers
C. was the first time that management recognized the legitimacy of a trade union
D. was the only time in the 29th century that government sided with the workers
E. led to significant improvements in worker safety laws but not wage increases

10. The Knights of Labor
A. was led by Samuel Gompers
B. promoted better wages for white males, thus playing into the racial and gender stereotypes of the time in a bid to gain power
C. was destroyed in the wake of the Haymarket riots in 1886
D. was able to win the concession of an eight-hour workday for federal employees
E. is still in existence today as part of the AFL-CIO

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