practice MC 2 from class Friday

1.  Sexual differences were strongly emphasized in 19th century America because

A. frontier life necessitated these distinctions.

B. men were regarded as morally superior beings.

C. it was the duty of men to teach the young to be good, productive citizens.

D. the market economy increasingly separated men and women into distinct economic roles.

E. women believed this emphasis brought them greater respect.

(notes, 331)

2. Women became especially active in the social reforms stimulated by the 2nd Great awakening because

A. religious social reform legitimized their activity outside the home.

B. they refused to accept the idea that there was a special female role in society.

C. they were looking to obtain as much power as possible at the expense of men.

D. many of the leading preachers and evangelists were women.

E. they saw churches as the first institutions that needed to be reformed.

(322, 328)

3. Perhaps the slave’s greatest psychological horror, and the theme of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, was

A. slaveowners’ frequent use of the whip.

B. the enforced separation of slave families through sale.

C. the breeding of slaves.

D. having to do the most dangerous work on the plantation.

E. forcible sexual assault by slaveowners.

(359)

4. Slaves fought the system of slavery in all of the following ways EXCEPT

A. slowing down the work pace.

B. sabotaging expensive equipment.

C. stealing goods their labor had produced.

D. running away if possible.

E. refusing to get an education.

(questions, 362)

5. Most white southerners were

A. industrialists.                        D. small farmers with a few slaves.

B. mountain whites.                        E. subsistence farmers

C. plantation owners.

(354)

6. In the case of Commonwealth vs. Hunt, the supreme court of Massachusetts ruled that

A. corporations were unconstitutional.

B. labor strikes were illegal by violating the Fair Labor Act.

C.  labor unions were not illegal conspiracies.

D. the Boston Associates employment of young women was inhumane.

E. the state could regulate factory wages and working conditions.

(306)

7. In the 1790s a major transportation project linking the East to the trans-Allegheny West was the

A. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.

B. National (Cumberland Road)

C. Erie Canal.

D. St Lawrence Seaway.

E. Lancaster Turnpike.

(notes, 310)

8. In the new national economy of the early 19th century, each region specialized in a particular economic activity: the South ____ for export; the West grew grains and livestock to feed __; and the East _________ for the other two regions.

A. raised grain, southern slaves, processed meat

B. grew cotton, immigrants, made furniture and merchant ships

C. grew cotton, eastern factory workers, made machines and textiles

D. raised grain, eastern factory workers, made furniture and tools

E. processed meat, southern slaves, raised grain

(316-7)

9. When the “famine Irish” came to America, they

A. moved to the West.

B. mostly became farmers.

C. moved up the economic ladder quickly.

D. mostly remained in the port cities of the Northeast.

E. formed alliances with free blacks against German immigrants.

(notes, 292)

10. The American work force in the early 19th century was characterized by

A. substantial employment of women and children in factories.

B. strikes by workers that were few in number but usually effective.

C. a general lengthening of the workday from ten to fourteen hours.

D. extensive political activity among workers.

E. reliance on the system of apprentices and masters.

(notes, 304)

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