Practice questions

1. The real purpose of Teddy Roosevelt’s assault on trusts was to
A. fragment big business.
B. prove that government, not big business, ruled the country.
C. halt the trend toward combination and integration in business.
D. establish himself as a bigger trustbuster than Taft.
E. demonstrate his complete mastery over the country.

2. Lincoln Steffens, in his series of articles entitled “The Shame of the Cities,”
A. attacked the US Senate.
B. exposed the horrible conditions faced by blacks in urban slums.
C. exposed the corrupt practices in the stock market.
D. condemned the influence of big business in politics.
E. explored the connection between prostitution and immigration.

3. Which party received approximately 6% of the popular vote in the presidential election of 1912?
A. Progressive                    D. Socialist
B. Bull Moose                    E. Greenback Labor
C. Republican

4. The Underwood Tariff Bill
A. substantially increased tariff rates.
B. was aimed at stopping the dumping of cheap steel in the US.
C. was only possible because of the creation of a federal income tax.
D. was vetoed by Wilson.
E. supported the “triple wall of privilege.”

5. President Wilson viewed America’s entry into World War I as an opportunity for the United States to
A. re-establish the balance of power in European democracy.
B. expand America’s territorial holdings.
C. rebuild its dangerously small military.
D. establish a permanent military presence in Europe.
E. shape a new international order based on the ideals of democracy.

6. The first Jewish person to sit on the Supreme Court was
A. Felix Frankfurter.            D. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
B. Arsene Pujo.                E. Louis Brandeis.
C. Herbert Croly.

7. The public outcry after the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire led many states to pass
A. mandatory fire escape plans for all businesses employing more than ten people.
B. safety regulations and workingmen’s compensation laws for job injuries.
C. restrictions on female employment in the clothing industry.
D. zoning regulations governing where factories could be located.
E. laws regulating unions the right to raise safety concerns.

8. The 1919 steel strike resulted in
A. the eight-hour workday.
B. the right to bargain collectively.
C. higher wages.
D. a decade-long setback to the union movement.
E. a “general strike” in Pittsburgh.
F. Pittsburgh developing an annoying football team known for an idiot quarterback who should stay off of motorcycles.

9. In an attempt to demonize the Germans, British and American propagandists referred to the Germans as
A. Scheisskopfs.                D. Dogs.
B.  Barbarians.                E. Huns.
C. Pagans.

10. . The major weakness of the League of Nations was that it
A. had no military power.        D. did not include the Soviet Union.
B. did not include the US.         E. permitted a veto by the great powers.
C. was used by Hitler to gain power.

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