Chapter 19 questions- do at least 1-14 by Monday

I’ll make you a deal: I’ll go over at least 1-14 with you on Monday, after the terms check! I would suggest you at least read over the whole thing by Monday, so that you can ask about anything you don’t understand, though.

Chapter 19 questions

Make sure you are completely answering the question with depth if you want credit.

1. What was the impetus for the writing of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, and what was its impact? (If you would like to be able to read a bit of it, the complete text is online here: http://xroads.virginia.edu/~HYPER/STOWE/stowe.html) How did it influence foreign readers?

2. How did the Southern aristocracy react to Hinton Helper’s book, and why? What argument did Helper make? (If you need help, the text can be found online here: http://docsouth.unc.edu/nc/helper/helper.html)

3. What were the purposes of the New England Immigrant Aid Society? Was their intention non-violent? Explain.

4. What had southerners who supported the Kansas-Nebraska Act believed would happen as a result of that law? Why did they feel betrayed?

5. Explain the phrase about “an imaginary Negro…” on p. 413.

6. Describe the career of John Brown as described in this chapter. Make sure you combine the two sections about him. Why was he called a “martyr?”

7.  On a separate piece of paper, trace the sequence of major crises that flowed from the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act to secession. This website will help you: http://www.lecomptonkansas.com/index.php?doc=time.php

8. What was significant about the settlements of Shawnee Mission, Topeka, Lawrence, Lecompton, Pottawatomie Creek? Looking at the map on p. 412, what role did Kansas City play in the settlement of Kansas?

9. What’s the difference between “Border ruffians” and “Nebrascals?”

10. What was the “trick” in the Lecompton Constitution? What motive did Douglas and Buchanan have in supporting this document’s acceptance as legitimate?

11. Using information from chapter 18 and well as chapter 19, who were the Republicans, and how and why did they come into existence? What were their advantages and disadvantages politically by the election of 1856? In 1860?

12. Why did Senator Charles Sumner get pummeled mercilessly, and what were the effects of this incident on both the  supporters and the opponents of slavery?

13. Why did Buchanan receive the Democratic nomination for president over Douglas and Pierce?

14. Describe the fractured political landscape in 1856 and the parties that were participating. What role did sectionalism play in the election?

15. Describe the four main provisions of the Dred Scott decision. Why did the Supreme Court make such a sweeping statement?

16. How did the Panic of 1857 make territorial expansion all the more pressing of a need? Why were Southerners opposed to the homestead act that was proposed? How else did the Panic increase Southern resentment?

17. What was Lincoln’s unique biography? (You can find the definition of “logrolling here: http://www.auburn.edu/~johnspm/gloss/logrolling) How did win a moral victory in 1858?

18. What were the main points of contention between Lincoln and Douglas in the debates held in 1858? What was the Freeport Doctrine? What was the outcomes of the two times they ran against each other?

19. What happened to the Democrats in 1860? What was the political fallout from the turmoil?

20. Who was William Seward? Using chapter 18 as well as 19, explain the famous phrases with which he was associated.

21. What were the differences between the Republican platforms of 1856 and 1860?

22. What were all of the handicaps facing Lincoln as president-elect? What happened between the time of Lincoln’s election and his inauguration?

23. How did the South respond to Lincoln’s election? What had been their threat in 1856 and 1860?

24. What were the main provisions of the Crittenden compromise, and why did Lincoln reject it?

25. What precedents and reasons did Southerners cite in supporting secession?

26. Was the Civil War unavoidable? Was Buchanan a total wimp? Explain.

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