Archive for February, 2011

Last WWI veteran dies

Frank Buckles died February 27 at the age of… 110.

Since we do know the difference between weather and climate…

Ooh! There goes a snowflake! So, just in case….

Chapter 34 is due on Monday. The questions are below. I hope I see you tomorrow!

Make sure you have watched/read all the posts below, and I have moved up the letter about registration for the AP test, so look below that. That means the first Fireside Chat, the video about the Slave Narratives, the information about the Migrant Mother, etc. Check the archive for chapter 33 if you think you missed anything.

Chapter 34 questions- due Monday

Terms check Monday. Make sure you have watched the video posts on the Slave Narratives by Monday, too.

Make sure you answer these fully.

Chapter 34 Questions

1. What were the goals of the London Conference, and why was FDR leery of cooperating too much with these goals? What was the impact of his stance?

2. Why was there support for the Tydings-McDuffie Act and how did this emboldened Japan’s leaders in their plans for expansion? What part did recognition of the USSR play in our Asian affairs? Why were Roman Catholics opposed to recognition of or cooperation with the USSR?

3. What were some specific examples of an American change of heart as evinced in the Good Neighbor policy?

4. What was the relationship between Reciprocal Trade Agreements and tariff policy? What does “free trade” mean?

5. How did American isolationism impact the growth of totalitarianism, specifically and vice versa? What was the point of the Johnson Debt Default Act?

6. What did the Nye Committee claim about the entrance of the US into World War I? How were the Neutrality Acts of the 1930s hopelessly naïve in their assumptions?

7. How did Francisco Franco and the Japanese benefit from American “peace-at-any-price-ism?”

8. What caused FDR to give his “Quarantine” speech, and why did some people judge the proposed policy as too dangerous?

9. What actions demonstrate how emboldened Japan and Germany were by American isolationism and Western European “appeasement” in the mid-to late 1930s? Create a timeline to demonstrate.

10. Why was the Hitler-Stalin Pact so significant—and unexpected? How did Britain and France respond? What was indicated about America’s attitudes by the Neutrality Act of 1939?

11. What impact did the Neutrality Act of 1939 have upon the recession of 1937-1938?

12. What was the “phony war” and why was it called that? How did it end? Why was Britain so important by 1940?

13. How did the US respond to the collapse of France? Be sure to answer fully.

14. What did the “America First” Committee stand for, and who was their celebrity spokesman?

15. How did the US benefit from the destroyers deal?

16. Who was Wendell Willkie, and what strategies did he employ to attempt to defeat FDR?

17. What did the slogans “Send guns, not sons,” and “Billions, not bodies” signify about changing American attitudes, especially in light of the conscription law passed in 1940? What proposed bill was related to these slogans? What did Roosevelt mean by the phrase “arsenal of democracy?”

18. At what point did America abandon neutrality? What forces converged to cause this shift? How did Hitler’s attack on the USSR influence this policy and create some strange alliances for the US?

19. What did the Atlantic Charter attempt to do, and how was it similar to the 14 Points?

20. What role did oil play in the maneuvers of Japan and Germany in 1940-1941?

21. Why should the attack on Pearl Harbor NOT have been a surprise? Why was it a surprise anyway? What did the Japanese accomplish with this attack—and where did they fail?

FDR announces the D-Day invasion

… and leads the nation in prayer (which would not happen today).

And here is Eisenhower’s address on the eve of the invasion to rally the troops.

First Fireside Chat: an excerpt

Given on March 12, 1933, a week after his inauguration. See the full text elsewhere on the blog.

Upcoming deadlines- 2/22 and 3/11

Your QUESTIONS (rather than outline notes) for chapter 33 are posted below the information on the Dustbowl here on the main page. Make sure you answer the questions in depth by Tuesday, February 22.

Make sure you have read the articles about the Migrant Mother and the Dust Bowl by your B and C days next week.

You will have registration for your senior year on Tuesday and your terms check over chapter 33.

Make sure you have registered for your AP exams online by March 11. You do the registration online, then bring your printed registration and your checks to Ms. Caimi in the guidance office by that date!!!!

Good links on the Dust Bowl

and this one explains some of the science behind the Dust Bowl:

Chapter 33 questions

This is your assignment for chapter 33, due on Tuesday.  Answer thoroughly. If making a chart helps on some questions, do it.

1. Why was FDR more compassionate than he might otherwise have been, given his patrician upbringing? What role did his wife play? How did she shatter precedents for first ladies?
2. How did Hoover miscalculate politically in the campaign of 1932? How did the electorate begin to shift? In what ways were Obama’s tactics similar to those of FDR?
3. What was FDR’s first act as president? How had he used the lame duck period to his benefit?
4. What were the “three R’s?” What was the longest range “r”, and why? Of the first five laws passed in his first 30 days in office, which “r” was most emphasized, and why did this make sense?
5. What happened to Congressional power during the early months of the FDR administration, and why?
6. Would it be fair to call the New Deal the third phase of Progressivism? Explain your reasoning.
7. What was the purpose of the Glass Steagall Act? Research what eventually happened to this Act. I’ve provided links on another post to help you.
8. How did FDR attempt to manage the currency supply, and what did he hope would happen? Why would that have been good? What were the criticisms of these policies?
9. Which programs were meant to help cut unemployment?
10. What measures were meant to cut farm production? How did climatological crises complicate matters, and what were the effects of these crises to population distribution?
11. Summarize the main critics of the New Deal who claimed the New Deal was not radical enough. What program was created to quiet the criticism?
12. What role did women play in FDR’s administration?
13. What was the goal of the NRA? What problems were there with this program? What was its sister program?
14. What finally happened to Prohibition? How did the government profit from this repeal?
15. How did the New Deal attempt to reform the investment and banking industries? Be thorough in your answer.
16. What did the TVA attempt to do, and why did some criticize it as socialism?
17. Why was social security the “greatest victory” of the New Deal? How did it once again change Americans’ expectations about their government?
18. Why would a depression not be a good time for unions to strike or gain concessions? How was labor helped under the New Deal? Explain each law.
19. What strategy did the Republicans use in the campaign of 1936? How did this election further cement changes in the electorate?
20. Why did FDR go to war with the courts? How did he attempt to “solve” his problem, and how did this backfire on him? What impact did his proposals have on the Supreme Court?
21. What is “Keynesianism?” What did it say about budget deficits?
22. What was the Hatch Act? What recent court decision has been made about this same toipic?
23. How radical was the New Deal? How conservative was the New Deal?

Take the “A” Train

Duke Ellington with Ella Fitzgerald. Music to study by, part 3:

Note her amazing scat singing!

Practice MC to help you study

Besides the other MC on this blog and the items in your packets, use these to help you study….

An American composer who adapted jazz rhythms and idioms for orchestra in pieces such as Rhapsody in Blue and An American in Paris was

A. Aaron Copland.

B. George Gershwin.

C. Philip Glass.

D. Duke Ellington.

E. Bessie Smith.

The public outcry after the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire led many states to pass

A. mandatory fire escape plans for all businesses employing more than ten people.

B. safety regulations and workingmen’s compensation laws for job injuries.

C. restrictions on female employment in the clothing industry.

D. zoning regulations governing where factories could be located.

E. laws regulating unions the right to raise safety concerns.

The red scare of 1919 was provoked by all of the following EXCEPT:

A. the public’s association of labor violence  with radicalism and revolution.

B. the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.

C. attacks by anarchists in the US.

D. the shift in ethnic and religious groups that came to America as part of the New Immigration wave.

E. evolutionary science’s  perceived challenge to biblical beliefs.

What was the effect on US trade with the Allies during the early years of World War I?

A. It was virtually halted due to the British blockade and mining of the North Sea.

B. It was halved by the threat of German submarine warfare.

C. It was relatively unchanged due to the extension of credit to the Allies by J. P. Morgan.

D. It tripled, leading some to change that American businessmen were “merchants of death.”

E. It increased, but not as much as trade with Germany did.

“Minnie the Moocher,” by Cab Calloway, incorporated all of the following features EXCEPT

A. scat singing.

B. muted trumpets.

C. references to drug use.

D. call-and-answer phrasing.

E. classical orchestral instruments.

President Wilson persuaded the American people to enter World War I by

A. appealing to America’s tradition of intervention in Europe.

B. convincing the public of the need to make the world safe from the German submarine.

C. pledging to make the war “a war to end all wars” and to make the world safe for democracy.

D. promising territorial gains to imperialists.

E. jailing all dissidents.

The movement of tens of thousands of blacks to northern cities during World War I resulted in

A. better race relations in the South.

B. racial violence in the North.

C. the flowering and popularization of African American culture.

D. fewer blacks willing to be used as strikebreakers.

E. all of the above.

The reborn Klan of the 1920s advocated all of the following EXCEPT

A. Fundamentalist Christianity.

B. opposition to birth control.

C. limitations on immigration.

D. opposition to prohibition.

E. repression of capitalism.

The ________ was an “pump-priming” agency set up under Hoover to bring some government intervention into fighting the Great Depression.

A. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

B. National Recovery Administration (NRA)

C. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

D. Works Progress Administration (WPA)

E. Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)

Hammer v. Dagenhart was a Supreme Court decision that ruled that

A. women should be protected in the workplace because they were weaker.

B. mandatory attendance laws for school attendance were constitutional.

C. child labor laws were unconstitutional because they violated children’s freedom to work.

D. women no longer needed to be protected in the workplace once they had the right to vote.

E. the teaching of evolution was constitutional in public schools.