Archive for May, 2011

The Pilgrims in America

On why the Puritans came the America….


I am very proud of all of you!

I know you all did great on the test today! I hope you have a safe and relaxing weekend!

Next week the schedule for PHS will be BBCCA due to EOC testing. We will have our last test Tuesday, May 17. It will be over Chapters 39-41.

Please bring all of your AP study materials to class next week so that we can debrief about the test and I can evaluate our review process for myself. Bring all missing work to class next week so we can fill in the holes on your grades.

The creation of the boundaries of the US

Treaties and Purchases that have made the US what it is today….

1. 1783-Peace of Paris– the treaty that ended the American Revolution established the newly independent US at being bounded on the north by Canada, on the South by Spanish Florida, on the east by the Atlantic, and on the west by the Mississippi River. These terms, especially about the boundary of Canada, were not very well defined, however. In fact, the US did not permanently settle its border with Canada until 1925!

2. 1803– Louisiana Purchase Treaty– the boundary of the US is moved from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains, containing the western watershed of the Mississippi River including the Missouri, a major tributary.

3. 1818- Convention of 1818– treaty with Britain allowing joint occupation of the Oregon Country for ten years, established the 49th parallel as the northern boundary of that part of the US that had been gained through the Louisiana Purchase from the Lake of the Woods to the Rockies. We therefore gave up part of what is now southern Alberta province to the US. This treaty also including the gain of fishing rights off eastern Canada for the US.

4. 1819- Adams-Onis Treaty (Florida Purchase Treaty)- Spain gave Florida to the US in exchange for the US payment of $5 million in claims by citizens against the Spanish and giving up part of some claims to Texas along the Sabine River.

5. 1820- Maine gains statehood as part of the Missouri Compromise, but its border with Canada is disputed. Although the King of the Netherlands was called in to try to negotiate a settlement, that treaty was rejected by the US Senate. The border will not be settled until 1842 after the Aroostook War….

6. 1842- Webster-Ashburton Treaty – After the Aroostook or Lumberjack War, our secretary of state, Daniel Webster, opened negotiations with Alexander Baring, Baron Ashburton. The boundary between Maine and Canada all along the Great Lakes, to the Lake of the Woods was determined. Of the 12,000 square miles of disputed territory, the US got 7,000 and  Britain got 5,000.

7. 1845- Texas is annexed by a joint resolution in the lame duck period of president Tyler’s administration. President-elect Polk had already made it clear that he was in favor of annexation as a part of the doctrine of what would later be known as Manifest Destiny. Texas- boundaries at the time includes parts of New Mexico and Colorado as far as the southern boundary of the Oregon Country.

8. 1846- Oregon Treaty– The southern half of the Oregon Country is ceded to the US on June 15 as the US prepared for war with Mexico. The US does not insist on its claim of “54’40° or Fight,” but instead continues the 49th parallel, approximately as the boundary between the US and Canada to the Pacific, with Canada also receiving all of  Vancouver Island.

9. 1848- Treaty of Guadelupe-Hidalgo– Mexico cedes the Mexican Cession after they are defeated in the Mexican War. The US receives Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and the remainder of Colorado west of the Rockies. Texas’ current boundary will later be fixed as part of the Compromise of 1850.

10. 1853- Gadsden Purchase– the Southern boundaries of Arizona and New Mexico is purchased from Mexico (supposedly to allow a southern route for the proposed transcontinental railroad). The US paid $10,000,000 for approximately 30,000 square miles of cactus, sand, and lizards, just so that Southerners would stop standing in the way of passage of a transcontinental railroad bill. What wouldn’t we do to mollify the Southerners?

11. 1867- Alaska Purchase Treaty– Secretary of State Seward was accused of folly when he purchased Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million dollars for approximately 586,000 square miles of frozen tundra and rainforest—oh, and gold and oil. That worked out to about two cents an acre, by the way. Russia was willing to deal because they were afraid that their weakness after the Crimean War would enable the US to take it without compensation.

12. 1898- Hawai’i is annexed by the Newlands Resolution on June 6, after the US Senate refused to ratify a treaty negotiated between the US and the fraudulent “Republic of Hawaii.” This occurred while the US was at war (for ten weeks) with Spain.

13. 1925- Canada- US Boundary Treaty- we finally nail down where in the Lake of the Woods the boundary with Canada is, so we swap out a few acres.

So that’s how we got the boundaries of the United STATES.

But we have other territory which is not parts of states.

AND also… the US claimed uninhabited islands to mine bird and bat poop throughout the world based on the Guano Islands Act of 1856.

And we gained territory from the Spanish- American War….

And we gained territory from World War II.

Presidents’ Review Quiz

  1. GEORGE W. BUSH      Known as “43”
  2. WOODROW WILSON       President during World War I
  3. JAMES MADISON     Father of the Constitution
  4. ANDREW JACKSON      Known as “Old Hickory”
  5. BENJAMIN AND WILLIAM HARRISON    the only grandfather-grandson combination of presidents
  6. JAMES BUCHANAN      President before Abraham Lincoln
  7. THOMAS JEFFERSON      Founded the University of Virginia
  8. JAMES POLK      associated with Manifest Destiny
  9. RUTHERFORD HAYES      nicknamed “Old 8-7” or “Rutherfraud”
  10. WILLIAM HARRISON     1st president to die in office (and serve shortest term)
  11. HARRY TRUMAN        Born in Missouri (please!)
  12. JIMMY CARTER            The “Man from Plains,” known for his toothy grin
  13. GERALD FORD            Only president not elected
  14. RONALD REAGAN            nicknamed “the Great Communicator”
  15. ABRAHAM LINCOLN            1st president to be assassinated
  16. THOMAS JEFFERSON (aaron burr)                        this president’s vice president was accused of and tried for treason
  17. RICHARD NIXON            as a candidate for vice president, he gave a speech about a dog
  18. THOMAS JEFFERSON            this president was also the first secretary of state
  19. BILL CLINTON            his birth name was William Blythe
  20. JOHN KENNEDY            1st president to be Roman Catholic
  21. WOODROW WILSON            after he suffered a stroke, trying to urge ratification of a treaty, the rumor was that his wife ran the country
  22. JAMES MADISON            had to flee the White House as the British advanced
  23. WARREN HARDING            known for being influenced by his friends who were called “the Ohio Gang”
  24. ULYSSES GRANT            effective general, ineffective president
  25. GROVER CLEVELAND            only president to serve two non-consecutive terms
  26. RICHARD NIXON            first president to resign
  27. THOMAS JEFFERSON            first president inaugurated in Washington DC
  28. ANDREW JOHNSON            only president who never attended school
  29. RONALD REAGAN            only president to be divorced
  30. JOHN ADAMS AND JOHN QUINCY ADAMS            first father-son combination of presidents
  32. EISENHOWER- 5 STAR GENERAL            Which president held the highest rank in the US military before election as president?
  33. T. ROOSEVELT, NEGOTIATED END OF RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR IN 1904            Which president was the first American to receive the Nobel Prize, and why?
  34. T.ROOSEVELT 1905, WILSON 1919, CARTER 2002, OBAMA 2008 (VP GORE)Which presidents have received the Nobel Peace Prize?
  35. WILSON      president with a Ph.D.
  36. HOOVER       first president to be born west of the Mississippi
  37. JFK (1918)       first president born in the 20th century
  38. BUCHANAN       only president who never married
  39. GRANT       first president to host black leaders in the White House
  40. CLEVELAND 1884 AND 1892         only president to serve two non-consecutive terms in office
  41. TYLER AND CLEVELAND (IN WH)      married while in office
  42. CLEVELAND         only non-veteran of the Civil War to serve as president during 1868-1900
  43. WASHINGTON          only president to claim no political party for entire presidency
  44. FDR (GARNER, WALLACE, TRUMAN)       president to have three different vice presidents
  45. MADISON (SEE A24 in your book)        only president to have two vice presidents die while in office
  46. FORD        shot at by a follower of Charles Manson
  47. TRUMAN        shot at by Puerto Rican nationalists
  48. JEFFERSON AND ADAMS (JULY 4, 1826)       these presidents died on exactly the same day, which was also the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of independence
  49. CLINTON         was a Rhodes scholar
  50. A JOHNSON        first president impeached
  51. TAFT        only president to serve on the Supreme Court after being president
  52. J Q ADAMS         only president to serve in the House of Representatives after being president
  53. FDR        longest presidency
  54. 42           If Barack Obama is the 44th president, how many presidents have there been before him?
  55. BUSH 2000           Last president to have been elected with less than a majority of the popular vote
  56. W HARRISON (30 DAYS, 12 HOURS, 30 MIN)         shortest presidency
  57. W HARRISON 1840         first Whig president
  58. TAYLOR 1848          last Whig president
  59. T ROOSEVELT (42 YRS, 322 DAYS)         Youngest person to serve as president
  60. REAGAN (69 YRS 11 MONTHS)      Oldest person elected president
  61. WASHINGTON (6’4”)      Tallest president
  62. MADISON (5’4”)       Shortest president
  63. BARACK OBAMA            First president not born in the continental US
  64. TAYLOR (15 W/ 2 WIVES)       President with the most children
  65. G W BUSH        Only president with an MBA
  66.  COOLIDGE (1876)        Only president born on the 4th of July
  67. JAMES          most common first name
  68. EPISCOPALIAN         most common religious affiliation
  69. 26          how many presidents were also lawyers?
  70. $25,000 (GW FIRST DECLINED IT)        First presidential salary
  71. 12 (GRANT-MCKINLEY EXCEPT CLEVELAND)          Served in the Union Army during the Civil War

Review of economic panics to 1930

This website is good:

Timeline of Women’s History in the US

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Images from MLK and Freedom Riders

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