Archive for August, 2011

Some extra questions to consider…

Might these help you understand the material as well as help you on the test? YES.

Who was Bartolomeo de las Casas, and what did he claim about Spanish colonization efforts that later became part of the Black Legend?

What did the headright system entail?

What did the Virginia Company originally hope to accomplish in the New World?

Why was the colony of Georgia founded?

What did Anne Hutchinson believe that got her into trouble with Massachusetts’ authorities?

How was New Netherland different from its neighboring colonies?

What were the causes of King Philip’s War, and what were the consequences?

Why, specifically, were Quakers unpopular in England?

How did Pennsylvania’s policies toward the Indians differ from the rest of the colonies in North America?

Who was William Bradford, and why was he important?

Who, exactly, were “the elect?” What were the practical effects of the belief in “predestination?”

What was the Act of Toleration, and how “tolerant” was it?

Although Africans were first brought to Jamestown in 1619, why weren’t they immediately preferred to indentured servants as the main source of labor?

What were the differences between the New England Confederation and the Dominion of New England?

What was meant by “salutary neglect,” specifically?

What was the most populous colony in the American colonies by 1700?

What did Sir Edmond Andros do to attempt to reassert the power of the English king?

Why did the English colonists’ relations with the Powhatans eventually sour?

What were two major exports of the Carolinas early in the settlement period?

What role did John Smith play in the founding of Jamestown?

What was the purpose of the Connecticut Blue Laws?

What impact did the Barbados slave codes have upon the American colonies, particularly in the South?

In what ways were the Crusaders indirectly responsible for the discovery of the New World?

What were the differences between families in the Chesapeake area versus families in New England?

Terms and questions for chapters 5 and 6

Chapter 5 is due Tuesday, and Chapter 6 is due Friday! Just a reminder. And these are in order according to the new book.

Chapter 5 Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution, 1700-1775

Identify the historical significance of the following:

Pennsylvania Dutch–Scots-Irish–Irish Catholics–Shenandoah Valley–Great wagon road–Paxton Boys

Regulator movement–Michel-Guillaume de Crevecoeur–“jayle birds”–diphtheria–bread colonies

tobacco–cod–triangular trade–rum/slaves/molasses–timber–naval stores–Molasses Act

taverns–established churches–Anglicans–Congregationalist Church–“dead dogs”

Arminianism–Great Awakening (First)–Jonathan Edwards–George Whitefield–Old lights–New lights

schisms–Princeton/Brown/Rutgers/Dartmouth–Cambridge–orthodoxy–John Trumbull

Charles Wilson Peale–Benjamin West–Phillis Wheatley–Poor Richard’s Almanack–Benjamin Franklin

John Peter Zenger–seditious libel–royal colonies–proprietary colonies–control over the purse

militia–“Popery”–Gary Nash–Christine Heyrman–Edmund S. Morgan

Be able to explain the following fully:

–Create a chart identifying the economic, social, and political differences among the northern, middle, and southern colonies.

–How were the poor treated in colonial society, and why was poverty so stigmatized in the American context?

–What role did Americans play in the developing global economy?

— What tensions (including those already mentioned in the questions above) influenced the first Great Awakening? How did the First Great Awakening influence modern American life?

–How important was membership in groups for early Americans, and what groups were most important?

Chapter 6 The Duel for North America, 1608-1763

Identify the historical significance of the following:

Huguenots–Edict of Nantes–Quebec–Samuel de Champlain–Iroquois–New France–coureurs de bois

voyageurs–Montreal–Jesuits–Antoine Cadillac–Louisiana–King William’s War–Queen Anne’s War

Kaskaskia, Vincennes, Cahokia–Schenectady & Deerfield–Peace of Utrecht–Acadia–“salutary neglect”

War of Jenkins’s Ear–King George’s War–Louisbourg–Ohio Valley–Ft. Duquesne–George Washington

Ft. Necessity–Acadians/ Cajuns–French and Indian War–Seven Years’ War–Albany Congress

Ben Franklin–Edward Braddock–regulars–buckskins–invasion of Canada–William Pitt–“Great Commoner”

James Wolfe–Plains of Abraham–Marquis de Montcalm–Battle of Quebec–Treaty of Paris (1763)

Pontiac’s uprising–smallpox–Proclamation of 1763

Be able to explain the following fully:

— What effects did the French and Indian War have upon the colonies?

— Examine the causes and effects of the Proclamation of 1763.

— Explain what is meant by the phrase “curse of colonial disunity” and its potential influence in the years before the American Revolution.

A Six-Year-Old explains the Wampanoag Indians

Oh my, have you ever seen anything cuter??????? I love the way she says “wigwams” and “Squanto.” Did you know that the Indians made pumpkin pie?

This video can be found at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AulijVSHD-8

MC practice chapters 1-4 Test

MC practice 1          Scoopmire

1. Spain was united into a single nation-state when
A. it was invaded by Portugal in the late 15th century.
B. Christopher Columbus returned with news of his discovery of the New World.
C. Prince Henry the Navigator came to the throne.
D. the African Moors were expelled from the Iberian Peninsula.
E. Ferdinand and Isabella were overthrown.

2.  The introduction of American plants around the world resulted in
A.  rapid population growth in Europe.
B.  many illnesses, caused by new germs contained in these foodstuffs.
C.  an African population decline.
D.  very little change.
E. an increase in obese people.
3. The cultivation of tobacco in Jamestown resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
A.    the destruction of the soil.
B.    a great demand for controlled labor.
C.    soaring prosperity for the colony.
D.    diversification of the colony’s economy.
E.  the broad-acred plantation system.

4. As a result of Bacon’s Rebellion,
A.  African slavery was reduced.
B.  planters began to look for less troublesome laborers.
C.  Governor Berkeley was dismissed from office.
D.  Nathaniel Bacon was named head of the Virginia Militia.
E.  better relations developed with the local Indians.

5. Puritan doctrine included the acceptance of
A.  antinomianism.
B.  the pope’s supremacy.
C.  the idea of a covenant with God.
D.  the doctrine of good works.
E.  the King as final religious authority.

6.  Europeans explorers introduced _______ into the New World.
A.  syphilis
B.  maize
C.  tobacco
D.  smallpox
E.  pumpkin

7. According to Anne Hutchinson,
A.  predestination was not a valid idea.
B.  the truly saved need not bother with obey religious or secular law.
C.  antinomianism was heresy.
D.  direct revelation from God was impossible.
E.  a person needed only to obey the law of God.

8. Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia were all similar in that they were all
A.    economically dependent upon the export of a staple crop.
B.    proprietary colonies.
C.    founded after the restoration of Charles II to the throne.
D.    founded as refuges for persecuted sects in England.
E.    able to live in peace with the Native Americans.

9. The institution of encomienda allowed the
A.    native people to enslave members of their own tribe.
B.    Europeans to marry native Americans.
C.    European governments to give Indians to colonists if they promised to Christianize them.
D.   governments of Europe to abolish the practice of Indian slavery and to establish African slavery.
E.   Europeans to establish an economy based on capitalism.

10. Under the Barbados slave code of 1661, slaves were
A. guaranteed the right to marry.
B.  denied the most fundamental rights.
C. protected from the most vicious punishments.
D. given the opportunity to purchase their freedom.
E. assigned a specific monetary value.

11. As a result of Pope’s Rebellion in 1680,
A. the Pueblo Indians destroyed every Catholic church in the province of New Mexico.
B. the Pueblo Indians were destroyed.
C.  the Spanish destroyed Pueblo temples and erected Catholic churches on those sites.
D. the Spanish missionaries suppressed native religions.
E. the French gained control of Mexico.

12. The summoning of Virginia’s House of Burgesses marked an important precedent because it
A.  failed.
B.  was abolished by King James I.
C.  was the first of many miniature parliaments to convene in America.
D.  forced King James I to revoke the colony’s royal charter and grant it self-government.
E.  allowed the seating of non-voting Native Americans.

Puritans and the Witch Hysteria

A fascinating excerpt from a PBS documentary detailing some of the reasons for accusations of sorcery.

This video can also be accessed at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7r0SL3Ik-J4

MC Practice 1

Here are some examples of items that may appear on your test on Monday. I have updated this with the answers. I would suggest you first see which ones you can answer yourself, then I would use the book, your notes or the blog to look up the answers to the rest and to check the answers you chose. This will help you refine your study methods to be the most efficient and effective.

MC practice  Chapters 1-4

1. Spain was united into a single nation-state when
A. it was invaded by Portugal in the late 15th century.
B. Christopher Columbus returned with news of his discovery of the New World.
C. Prince Henry the Navigator came to the throne.
D. the African Moors were expelled from the Iberian Peninsula.
E. Ferdinand and Isabella were overthrown.

2.  The introduction of American plants around the world resulted in
A.  rapid population growth in Europe.
B.  many illnesses, caused by new germs contained in these foodstuffs.
C.  an African population decline.
D.  very little change.
E. an increase in obese people.
3. The cultivation of tobacco in Jamestown resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
A.    the destruction of the soil.
B.    a great demand for controlled labor.
C.    soaring prosperity for the colony.
D.    diversification of the colony’s economy.
E.  the broad-acred plantation system.

4. As a result of Bacon’s Rebellion,
A.  African slavery was reduced.
B.  planters began to look for less troublesome laborers.
C.  Governor Berkeley was dismissed from office.
D.  Nathaniel Bacon was named head of the Virginia Militia.
E.  better relations developed with the local Indians.

5. Puritan doctrine included the acceptance of
A.  antinomianism.
B.  the pope’s supremacy.
C.  the idea of a covenant with God.
D.  the doctrine of good works.
E.  the King as final religious authority.

6.  Europeans explorers introduced _______ into the New World.
A.  syphilis
B.  maize
C.  tobacco
D.  smallpox
E.  pumpkin

7. According to Anne Hutchinson,
A.  predestination was not a valid idea.
B.  the truly saved need not bother with or obey religious or secular law.
C.  antinomianism was heresy.
D.  direct revelation from God was impossible.
E.  a person needed only to obey the law of God.

8. Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia were all similar in that they were all
A.    economically dependent upon the export of a staple crop.
B.    proprietary colonies.
C.    founded after the restoration of Charles II to the throne.
D.    founded as refuges for persecuted sects in England.
E.    able to live in peace with the Native Americans.

9. The institution of encomienda allowed the
A.    native people to enslave members of their own tribe.
B.    Europeans to marry native Americans.
C.    European governments to give Indians to colonists if they promised to Christianize them.
D.   governments of Europe to abolish the practice of Indian slavery and to establish African slavery.
E.   Europeans to establish an economy based on capitalism.

10. Under the Barbados slave code of 1661, slaves were
A. guaranteed the right to marry.
B.  denied the most fundamental rights.
C. protected from the most vicious punishments.
D. given the opportunity to purchase their freedom.
E. assigned a specific monetary value.

11. As a result of Pope’s Rebellion in 1680,
A. the Pueblo Indians destroyed every Catholic church in the province of New Mexico.
B. the Pueblo Indians were destroyed.
C.  the Spanish destroyed Pueblo temples and erected Catholic churches on those sites.
D. the Spanish missionaries suppressed native religions.
E. the French gained control of Mexico.

12. The summoning of Virginia’s House of Burgesses marked an important precedent because it
A.  failed.
B.  was abolished by King James I.
C.  was the first of many miniature parliaments to convene in America.
D.  forced King James I to revoke the colony’s royal charter and grant it self-government.
E.  allowed the seating of non-voting Native Americans.

Link to the Map of the Treaty of Tordesillas

Go here: http://geography.about.com/library/weekly/aa112999a.htm

It’s a pretty good explanation of the terms of the treaty.