sem 1 midterm questions, parto- uno

Semester 1 practice questions


1. The economic theory of mercantilism would be consistent with which of the following statements?
A. Economies will prosper most when trade is restricted as much as possible.
B. Tariff barriers should be avoided as much as possible.
C. Colonies are of little economic importance to the mother country.
D. It is vital that a country imports more than it exports.
E. A government should seek to maximize exports.

2. The most significant difference between the Pilgrims and the Puritans is that the Pilgrims
A. arrived in New England first.
B. obtained a grant of settlement from the London Company.
C. wished to separate from the Church of England.
D. had a strong leader.
E. celebrated the first Thanksgiving.

3. Which of the following was NOT associated with our foreign relations with France in the 1790s?
A. XYZ affair                                                D. Treaty of 1778
B. Citizen Genet                                    E. Barbary pirates
C. Undeclared naval war, 1798

4. The first ten amendments to the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, were added to protect
A. the states from the power of the federal government.
B. individual citizens from the power of the federal government and state governments.
C. individual citizens from the power of state governments.
D. individual citizens from the federal government.
E. minorities from the majority.

5. Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton proposed that the federal government do which of the following?

I. Have a protective tariff rather than a revenue tariff
II. Establish a national bank
III. Promote the development of industry
IV. Pay off foreign and national debts
V. Have the federal government assume state debts
VI. Establish an excise tax

A. II, IV, and VI only                                    D. II, III, IV, V, and VI only
B. I, II, III, IV, V, and VI                         E. I, II, V, and VI only
C. II, IV, V, and VI only

6. Under the mercantilist system, the British government reserved the right to do all of the following regarding the American colonies EXCEPT
A. restrain the colonies from printing paper currency.
B. restrict the passage of lax bankruptcy laws.
C. determine what the colonies could manufacture.
D. prevent the colonies from developing militias.
E. restrict the colonies from trading with any country but England.

7. What was the purpose of the Proclamation of 1763?
A. to encourage an American invasion of Canada.
B. to forbid colonial trade with any country but Britain
C. to attempt American neutrality in the struggle between France and Britain.
D. to make a claim for British possession of Florida at the expense of Spain.
E. to forbid American settlement in western areas occupied by Native Americans until treaties could be concluded.

8. “… and he [the president] shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint… judges of the Supreme Court…”
The above passage from the Constitution best illustrates the concept of
A. checks and balances.                        D. the power of the purse.
B. executive privilege.                        E. habeas corpus.
C. judicial review

9. The New England Confederation
A. included all the New England colonies.
B. was designed to improve colonial defense.
C. led the American colonies to seek independence from England.
D. was created by the English government to streamline its administration of the colonies.
E.  was an economic and trade alliance.

10. The Dominion of New England
A. included all the New England colonies.
B. was created by the English government to streamline its administration of the colonies.
C. was designed to improve colonial defense.
D. eventually included New York and east and west New Jersey.
E. all of the above.

11. The Quartering Act imposed by the British in 1766 was so resented by American colonists that it was the direct inspiration for which amendment to the Constitution?
A. First                                                D. Fourth
B. Second                                                E. Fifth
C. Third

12. When wives would leave their husbands in 18th century America,
A. they inevitably would forfeit all right to any marital property.
B. their husbands could be forced to give them a divorce if they could prove cruelty on the part of their husbands.
C. they were legally required to return to their husbands or face imprisonment or public flogging.
D. their husbands lost custody of the children.
E. their husbands would often take out ads in newspapers denying any responsibility for their wives’ debts.

13. The Northwest Ordinance
A. provided for the survey and sale of public lands in the Old Northwest.
B. established a procedure for setting up townsites and funding schools in territories.
C. banned slavery from the territory.
D. cleared the way for the ratification of the Articles of Confederation.
E. limited legal settlement to the Ohio River Valley.

14. Which of the following were NOT among the Intolerable Acts?
A. The port of Boston was closed.
B. The House of Burgesses was dissolved by Virginia’s governor.
C. British officers could only be tried in England for crimes.
D. Massachusetts colonists were forced to house British troops.
E. The Massachusetts charter changed so that the Council was appointed by the king.

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