Archive for November 8th, 2011

19:2 MC practice

Your test over chapters 17-19 is Friday unless you are going debating!!!!

1. The consequences of the Kansas-Nebraska Act included
A. splitting of the Democratic party.
B. organization of the Republican party.
C. an erosion of the Missouri Compromise.
D. exacerbating sectional tensions.
E. all of the above.

2. The Crittenden Compromise included all of the following EXCEPT
A. attempted to revive the latitude line of 36° 30’ as the dividing line between slave and free territory.
B. provided that the US government should compensate owners for fugitive slaves whose owners were prevented from recovering them.
C. slavery would be protected in the District of Columbia so long as Maryland and Virginia were both slave states.
D. six amendments would be added to the Constitution.
E. a reopening of the African slave trade.

3. The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 included all of the following EXCEPT
A. the requirement that escaped slaves be returned from Canada.
B. denial of a jury trial to runaway slaves.
C. denial of fugitive slaves’ right to testify in their own behalf.
D. the penalty of imprisonment for northerners who helped slaves to escape.
E. the payment to a federal commissioner of a higher fee if the apprehended person was ruled to be a runaway slave.

Use the excerpt for questions 4-6.
“I hear with distress and anguish the word “secession,” especially when it falls from the lips of those who are patriotic, and known to the country, and known all over the world, for their political services. Secession! Peaceable secession! Sir, your eyes and mine are never destined to see that miracle. The dismemberment of this vast country without convulsion! The breaking up of the fountains of the great deep without ruffling the surface! Who is so foolish, I beg every body’s pardon, as to expect to see any such thing? Sir, he who sees these States, now revolving in harmony around a common centre, and expects to see them quit their places and fly off without convulsion, may look the next hour to see heavenly bodies rush from their spheres, and jostle against each other in the realms of space, without causing the wreck of the universe. There can be no such thing as peaceable secession. Peaceable secession is an utter impossibility. Is the great Constitution under which we live, covering this whole country, is it to be thawed and melted away by secession, as the snows on the mountain melt under the influence of a vernal sun, disappear almost unobserved, and run off? No, Sir! No, Sir!”

4. What is the source of this excerpt?
A. General Cass on the Wilmot Proviso.
B. the Clay Compromise Measures by John C. Calhoun.
C. the Seventh of March speech by Daniel Webster.
D. the Lincoln-Douglas debates.
E. Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address.

5. When the author speaks of—and criticizes– someone who is “patriotic, and known to the country, and known all over the world, for their political services,” who is being referred to?
A. Daniel Webster
B. Henry Clay
C. Stephen Douglas
D. John Calhoun
E. Jefferson Davis

6. What is the main point of the excerpt?
A. No one who is truly patriotic can suggest secession.
B. Slavery is an abomination which must be kept out of the territories.
C. Secession is an act of war and violence.
D. Our country is like a solar system, and the Constitution is the gravity that holds it all together.
E. Anyone who doubts the sincerity of the threats by southerners to secede is deluding himself.

7. According to Charles Sumner, who were “hirelings picked from the drunken spew and vomit of an uneasy civilization?”
A. Black Republicans
B. radical abolitionists
C. slaves
D. pro-slavery sympathizers
E. immigrants

8. What reward did Sumner get for his remarks?
A. He was named “man of the year” by the Liberator.
B. Repeated blows with a cane until he was knocked unconscious.
C. Nomination for president from the Democratic party.
D. Tarring and feathering by his own constitutents.
E. He was challenged to a duel by John Calhoun.

Use the excerpt, from John C. Calhoun’s response in 1850 known as the Clay Compromise Measures, written in the heat of the debate over the Compromise of 1850, to answer question 9 and 10.

“How can the Union be saved? To this I answer, there is but one way by which it can be, and that is by adopting such measures as will satisfy the States belonging to the Southern section that they can remain in the Union consistently with their honor and their safety…. The North has only to will it to accomplish it–to do justice by conceding to the South an equal right in the acquired territory, and to do her duty by causing the stipulations relative to fugitive slaves to be faithfully fulfilled–to cease the agitation of the slave question, and to provide for the insertion of a provision in the Constitution, by an amendment, which will restore to the South, in substance, the power she possessed of protecting herself before the equilibrium between the sections was destroyed by the action of this government…. At all events, the responsibility of saving the Union rests on the North, and not on the South. The South can not save it by any act of hers, and the North may save it without any sacrifice whatever, unless to do justice and to perform her duties under the Constitution should be regarded by her as a sacrifice.”

9. What territory is in dispute as referred to in the excerpt?
A. Louisiana Purchase
B. Mexican Cession
C. Kansas and Nebraska
D. Maine and Oregon
E. Texas

10. How was an “equal right in the acquired territory” obtained?
A. the Dred Scott decision abolished the right of Congress to restrict slavery.
B. the Missouri Compromise created a line at 36° 30 latitude.
C. popular sovereignty was granted in the new territories of New Mexico and Utah.
D. a transcontinental railroad was built in the South.
E. all of the above.

11. John Brown’s “Pottawatamie Massacre” was launched in retaliation for
A. the attack on Harpers Ferry.
B. the “Sack of Lawrence” by pro-slavery thugs.
C. the Sumner-Brooks incident.
D. the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
E. all of the above.

12. What was the main consequence of Stephen Douglas’s blockage of congressional approval of the Lecompton Constitution?
A. He was hailed as a hero by abolitionists.
B. He lost his bid for reelection to the Senate.
C. Many northerners saw him as an enemy of “free soil” principles.
D. Many southerners refused to support him in the presidential election of 1860.
E. He was censured by the US Senate.

13. Place the events in chronological order: (W) President James Buchanan leaves office; (X) Abraham Lincoln elected president; (Y) South Carolina secedes; (Z) Jefferson Davis inaugurated as president of the Confederacy.
A. W, X, Y, Z
B. X, W, Y, Z
C. W, Y, Z. X
D. Y, Z, X, W
E. X, Y, Z, W

14. Place these events in chronological order: (W) Dred Scott decision; (X) Lincoln-Douglas debates; (Y) Kansas-Nebraska Act; (Z) Harpers Ferry raid.
A. W, X, Y, Z
B. X, Z, Y, W
C. Y, X, Z, W
D. Y, W, X, Z
E. Z, X, W, Y

15. During the debate of 1850, who claimed that there was a “higher law” than the Constitution that compelled him to demand the exclusion of slavery from the territories?
A. William H. Seward
B. Henry Clay
C. James Buchanan
D. Daniel Webster
E. Abraham Lincoln

The Battle Hymn of the Republic

The tune had been called “John Brown’s Body” before Julia Ward Howe added her new lyrics for what would become “The Battle Hymn of the Republic.”

Even though this has some recording problems about 2 minutes in, I found this to be the most touching version, since it was from a National Remembrance in England in the wake of the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. Here are British voices raised singing our song…

Here are the lyrics for the Battle Hymn of the Republic:

For more background, here is information from the Library of Congress:

Lincoln’s Evolving Views on Slavery

The most recent work by a serious historian on Loncoln and Slavery is Eric Foner’s The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery, published in 2010. Here is a link to a story on NPR reviewing this work:

Not only is Eric Foner an historian with whom you should be familiar, but this is a very good work on its own merits.