1. The Garibaldi Guard
A. was a regiment of Southerners who fought on the side of the North.
B. was the name for Southerners who remained in the South guarding plantations and preventing slave rebellions.
C. was the special quasi-military organization that provided protection for President Lincoln before the creation of the Secret Service.
D. was a regiment of immigrants from Italy, Hungary, Germany and France who fought in the Union army.
E. was a part of the Union army sent to Mexico to topple Emperor Maximilian from power.
2. One of Jefferson Davis’ key failings as president of the Confederacy was
A. his deferential attitude toward the Confederate Congress.
B. his imperious manner and lack of political skills.
C. his lack of experience in government.
D. his belief that the Confederate presidency should be a part-time job.
E. his repeated impeachment for embezzlement and dereliction of duty.
3. Lincoln was able to take early actions of questionable constitutionality because
A. he claimed that the Constitution was not valid in wartime.
B. he successfully pressured Congress against criticizing him for fear of being called Copperheads, cowards. or worse.
C.he had the Supreme Court firmly on his side to back him in all cases.
D. he threatened to impeach officials who contradicted his seizure of power.
E. Congress was not in session when the war officially began.
4. “Shoddy millionaires”
A. made their fortunes selling worthless goods to the government during the war.
B. engaged in treason by selling goods to both the Union and the Confederacy.
C. were oil drillers who rushed to Pennsylvania in 1859.
D. charged astronomical interest rates on government contracts.
E. received government subsidies to buy homesteads in the West and promptly resell them at huge profit.
5. Women contributed to the war effort through all of the following EXCEPT
A. organizing fundraisers for war orphans, widows, and wounded soldiers.
B. helping to establish new guidelines for cleanliness of medical care in field hospitals.
C. working as nurses on the battlefield.
D. serving as spies and fighting disguised as male soldiers.
E. smuggling food from Europe in their luggage and in their clothing by exploiting standards of modesty of the time.
6. The North’s greatest strength during the Civil War was its
A. ethnic unity.
B. miltary leadership.
D. high morale.
E. slave population.
7. Possessing ____ percent of the national wealth in 1860, the South claimed only _________ percent in 1870.
A. 45, 25
B. 20, 45
C. 32, 5
D. 30, 12
E. 25, 5
8. All of the following states joined the Confederacy after the firing on Ft. Sumter EXCEPT
B. North Carolina.
9. Which of the following was NOT a Border States that remained loyal to the Union?
10. King Cotton failed the South as a tool of wartime diplomacy for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A. the cotton crop was devastated by the boll weevil.
B. Britain held a surplus of cotton when the war began.
C. textile workers in Britain favored the North.
D. the North sold captured cotton to Britain.
E. Britain developed alternative sources of cotton in Egypt and India.