Archive for December, 2011

2011 in review

The stats helper monkeys prepared a 2011 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

The Louvre Museum has 8.5 million visitors per year. This blog was viewed about 180,000 times in 2011. If it were an exhibit at the Louvre Museum, it would take about 8 days for that many people to see it.

Click here to see the complete report.

Tips for taking multiple choice tests

You really need to do this. Click to open the pdf.
Tips for taking Multiple Choice Tests

My general topic list for final

Click here Study Guide Sem 1 examto open the pdf.

Potential free-response questions for semester 1 final

I would suggest you outline each one of these. This will also help you prepare for the multiple choice part of the exam as well.

Always make sure to include specific facts and examples in your response.

1. How did the main colonial powers in North America—the British, Spanish, and French—differ in how they interacted with the Native peoples they encountered? Emphasize both economic and cultural responses.

2. Outline the moral arguments and political actions taken by those opposed to slavery’s expansion—ie, free-soilers and abolitionists—with regard to the Mexican War, the Compromise of 1850, the Kansas Nebraska Act, and the Dred Scott decision.

3. Discuss the impact of territorial expansion on national unity between 1800 and 1850 .

4. To what extent did religious freedom exist in British North America prior to the Revolution?

5. Explain how activist women attempted to redefine their accepted social and political roles from 1776-1877.

6. Compare and contrast the interpretation of the Constitution by advocates of states’ rights with advocates of a strong central government. Make sure to include specific provisions of the Constitution where there is disagreement.

New Earth-like planet discovered,8599,2101646,00.html

Practice MC 4 for Final

MC practice 4- Final Review

You know the drill. Complete. Bring these with you to class on Wednesday/ Thursday.

1. Child labor was seen as more acceptable in the 19th century because the theory of child development
A. lacked the concept of adolescence.
B. insisted that good strong labor raised up good citizens.
C. insisted that children needed the discipline a job could provide.
D. insisted that families would not survive without child labor.
E. declared that children who did not work would damage the republic.

2. The Gadsden Purchase was made in order to enable
A. a transcontinental railroad line to be built in the South.
B. Santa Anna to remain in power in Mexico.
C. the St. Louis Cardinals football team to move to Arizona in 1988, thereby completing a plot to make Arizonans understand what it’s like to lose. This season, LA feels the same way about us.
D. the US to then trade the land for Cuba.
E. Mexico to pay off its debts to American citizens.

3. Which of the following is TRUE about the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
A. It led immediately to the disintegration of the Democratic party.
B. It was a measure the South had been demanding for decades.
C. It led directly to the formation of the Republican party.
D. By applying popular sovereignty to territories formerly closed to slavery, it maintained the peace between sections.
E. It assured its sponsor of the Democratic nomination for president in 1856.

4. The Free Soil movement supported the exclusion of slavery from the territories because of
A. its belief in racial justice.
B. its desire to dominate the political process.
C. the abundance of land which was unsuited for plantation agriculture..
D. its belief in the immorality of slavery.
E. racial prejudice and fear of labor competition from slaves.

5. According to the principle of popular sovereignty, the question of slavery in the territories would be determined by
A. the vote of the House of Representatives.
B. a national referendum.
C. congressional legislation.
D. a Supreme Court decision.
E. the vote of the people in any given territory.

6. Which group would be most likely to support Manifest Destiny?
A. Whigs
B. Abolitionists
C. Northern manufacturers
D. Democrats
E. Native Americans

7. The phrase “Fifty-four- Forty or Fight!” referred to
A. the US annexation of Texas in spite of Mexico’s opposition
B. the demand for annexation of all of the Oregon Country
C. the annexation of all the land fought over during the Aroostook War
D. the annexation of Central America to enable creation of future slave states
E. the creation of the Bear Flag republic

8. Northerners especially resented the Kansas-Nebraska Act because
A. it aimed to make railroad lawyers rich.
B. it aimed to build a transcontinental railroad.
C. it might help Douglas win the presidency.
D. it repealed the Missouri Compromise.
E. it would make Kansas a slave state.

9. The Wilmot Proviso
A. was viewed by Southerners of a Northern intent to destroy slavery
B. was supported by President Polk as a statement of Mexican War aims
C. promoted the idea of filibustering in Cuba
D. was adopted unanimously by the US House of Representatives
E. was viewed with outrage by Conscience Whigs

10. “Trust thyself: every heart vibrates to that iron string. Accept the place the divine providence has found for you, the society of your contemporaries, the connection of events.”
The above quote illustrates best which 19th century social movement?
A. pragmatism
B. Transcendentalism
C. the Social Gospel
D. the Gospel of Wealth
E. Social Darwinism

11. The Dred Scott decision held that
A. the Kansas-Nebraska Act was unconstitutional, and that henceforth slavery must be omitted from all territories
B. only the President had the right to abolish slavery
C. the right to property meant that slaves could not be prohibited in federal territories
D. state laws banning slavery were illegal
E. Congress could not end the slave trade from Africa

12. To gain its independence, the Confederacy had to
A. invade the Union and capture Washington DC
B. win a decisive victory on its own soil
C. fight the invading Union army to a draw
D. attract more talented military commanders
E. gain recognition by Britain and France

13. Which was NOT a part of the Compromise of 1850?
A. Texas’s border was limited to the Nueces River.
B. A new Fugitive Slave Act was created
C. The slave trade was abolished in Washington DC
D. California was admitted to the Union as a free state
E. Slavery in the Mexican Cession (except California) was to be determined by a vote of the people there

14. The Freeport Doctrine held that
A. slavery was protected by the Constitution everywhere in the US
B. the election of Abraham Lincoln would cause the secession of the South
C. slavery could be prevented by states passing laws against it
D. the Dred Scott decision made the discussion of popular sovereignty meaningless
E. the Fugitive Slave Law was unconstitutional

15. Lincoln’s declaration that the North sought to preserve the Union with or without slavery
A. revealed the influence of the Border states on his policies.
B. cost him support in the “Butternut region” of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.
C. caused some of the seceded states to rejoin the Union.
D. contradicted the campaign promises of the Republican party.
E. came as a disappointment to most Northerners and demoralized the Union.

16. The Crittenden Compromise included all of the following EXCEPT
A. the US government should compensate owners for fugitive slaves whose owners were prevented from recovering them
B. returning to the use of the latitude line of 36° 30’ as the dividing line between slave and free territory
C. slavery in the District of Columbia could not be abolished unless Virginia and Maryland abolished slavery
D. slavery was abolished on federal areas such as military bases
E. Congress could not abolish the slave trade within the US

17. Anti-foreign sentiment in the 1840s and 1850s was best exemplified by
A. the Know- Nothing party
B. the Republican party
C. the Democratic party
D. the Whig party
E. the Free Soil party

18. The Kansas-Nebraska Act
A. abolished the Fugitive Slave Law
B. abolished the Missouri Compromise
C. abolished the concept of popular sovereignty
D. outlawed personal liberty laws
E. overturned the Dred Scott decision

19. The Seneca Falls Convention launched the women’s rights movement with its call for
A. equal pay for equal work.
B. an equal rights amendment to the Constitution.
C. equal rights, including the right to vote.
D. access to public education for women.
E. women to take the lead in abolitionism.

20. The Fugitive Slave Law included all of the following EXCEPT:
A. the penalty of imprisonment for northerners who helped slaves escape.
B. a payment of more money to commissioners if they decided the fugitive was a runaway slave than if they decided the fugitive was really a free black.
C. denial of fugitives’ rights to testify in their own behalf.
D. the requirement that fugitive slaves be returned from Canada
E. denial of a jury trial to runaway slaves.

Basic topics for semester 1.

I found this on AP Study And yes, they’re right. I suggest you look at the entire list here.

1. Puritan motive (build a city on a hill, i.e. provide a model)
2. Motive of those settling Virginia (seek profit)
3. 1st Great Awakening (Ivy League colleges founded by New Lights)
4. Deism
5. Albany Congress, 1754 (Franklin, first attempt to unite colonies – failed)
6. Legal rights of women (Colonial Era)
7. Stamp Act / Stamp Congress
8. Slavery in pre-independence times
9. Indentured servants (all the rage prior to slavery)
10. Proclamation of 1763
11. Articles of Confederation
12. Bill of Rights (1st 10 Amendments to Constitution, protecting individual liberties, and giving states the powers not directly given to the feds)
12 a. Attitude of founding fathers towards political parties (Jeff “We’re all feds, we’re all reps)
13. Hamilton’s economic plans
14. Shay’s Rebellion
15. XYZ Affair
16. Marbury .v. Madison
17. Louisiana Purchase – why ? control mouth of Mississippi
18. Hartford Convention (federal law null & void ??)
19. Eli Whitney (interchangeable parts to rifle, cotton gin)
20. Henry Clay’s “American System” (high tariffs, BUS, federal funding of internal improvements)
21. Monroe Doctrine
22. Andrew Jackson (Indian removal, veto Congress, opposes nullification, opposes BUS, supports Westward expansion)
23. Trail of Tears
24. Nullification, John C. Calhoun, Tariff of Abominations (1828)
25. Transcendentalists
26. Ralph Waldo Emerson (stressed individuality, self-reliance)
27. Wm Lloyd Garrison, “The Liberator” – abolitionist
28. Harriet Tubman – Underground Railway
29. Dred Scott .v. Sanford, 1857 (slave is not a citizen, slave is property, Missouri Compromise is dead)
30. Popular Sovereignty
31. Kansas-Nebraska Act
32. Douglas’s Freeport Doctrine (popular sovereignty can exclude slavery anywhere)
33. Primary cause of Civil War (maintain the union)
34. Emancipation Proclamation, 1863 – gave North the moral high ground, calculated to win support of Britain & France)
35. Radical Reconstruction
36. Compromise of 1877 (ends Reconstruction in South)
37. Knights of Labor

Who were the Big Four?

Your book only names two on page 569. Go here for the rest:

Practice MC 3 for Final

Covering Chapters 9-15; first try them by yourself, THEN NOTE THE ONES YOU DIDN’T KNOW AND LOOK UP THE ANSWERS!!!!!!!


1. Which of the following IS NOT a legacy that remains today from the Articles of Confederation?
A. Creation of the reservation system for Native Americans
B. Creation of the US Treasury
C. Creation of the Great Seal of the United States
D. the process to allow statehood for new territories
E. Creation of the Post Office

2. The stated purpose of the 1787 Philadelphia convention was to
A. set up a system to allow the federal government to conduct foreign relations and diplomacy
B. revise the Articles of Confederation
C. decide on a new location for the US capital
D. undertake negotiations with western Indian nations for the cession of their lands east of the Mississippi
E. choose a new method for electing congressmen

3. The New Jersey plan would be likely to be supported by
A. states that were largely agricultural
B. states in the South
C. states in the North
D. states with large populations
E. states with small populations

4. Which power was NOT granted to the Articles of Confederation government?
A. Declaring war
B. Regulating trade
C. Making foreign treaties and alliances
D. Establishing a firm bond of friendship among states
E. Regulating Native American affairs

5. Which best describes the impact of the Three-Fifths Compromise?
A. It secured northern states’ support for the Constitution.
B. It provided a clear method for amending the Constitution.
C. It provided a legal recognition of the existence of slavery in the Constitution.
D. It gave southern states a clear and lasting majority in the House of Representatives.
E. It granted African Americans partial citizenship rights.

6. The Great Compromise was
A. the counting of the slave population in censuses for representation
B. the ratification of the US Constitution
C. the creation of the system of checks and balances
D. the agreement of northern and southern states to allow the expansion of slavery in southern territories
E. the creation of the House and the Senate

7. Which of the following beliefs was NOT held by some Anti-Federalists?
A. Power was best vested within the state governments
B. A Bill of Rights was a necessary safeguard to prevent overwhelming federal power
C. The federal government should be able to hold a standing army in times of peace
D. The “necessary and proper” clause gave the central government too much power
E. The executive branch was a threat to states’ rights

8. Between the 1820s and 1850s, the largest number of immigrants came from
A. Russia
B. Poland
C. France
D. Italy
E. Ireland

9. Many Northern workers rejected the goals of the abolitionist movement because
A. Congress had imposed a gag rule forbidding the discussion of abolition
B. African Americans lacked education and would harm American economic competitiveness
C. they feared competition for jobs with freed slaves
D. the Constitution clearly supported slavery so the question was settled
E. southern cotton production was vital for Northern jobs in factories

10. John Humphrey Noyes was most associated with
A. utopian communities like that in Oneida, New York
B. reform of insane asylums
C. the prohibition of alcohol
D. the ending of tax support for churches
E. the reform of public education

11. Which president is most associated with the creation of a group of cronies known as the Kitchen Cabinet?
A. John Quincy Adams
B. Ulysses Grant
C. James Madison
D. Thomas Jefferson
E. Andrew Jackson

12. Which of the following best describes the results of the presidential election of 1824?
A. John Quincy Adams won the popular vote.
B. No candidate won a majority of the electoral votes.
C. The election was decided by the Senate.
D. John C. Calhoun won the majority of the popular vote.
E. John Quincy Adams had his strongest support from the South.

13. The Tariff Abominations of 1828 was opposed mainly because
A. it largely benefited the western states
B. it hurt northern manufacturers’ long-term growth
C. it hurt the sale of southern cotton.
D. it restricted the sale of slaves
E. it benefited British imports

14. Which of the following is NOT considered a part of Andrew Jackson’s presidential legacy?
A. removal of southern Indians to the Trans-Mississippi west
B the modern media-driven election campaign
C. reduction of the influence of the executive branch over other branches of the federal government
D. increase in the access of the average person to exercise political power
E. the continuation of battles over a national bank

15. The Adams-Onis treaty provided for the acquisition of
A. The Philippines
B. Florida
C. California
D. the port of New Orleans
E. Puerto Rico

16. The Cumberland Road originally connected the eastern seaboard to what western river?
A. Mississippi
B. Missouri
C. Ohio
D. Delaware
E. Platte

17. Which of the following was NOT a part of the economic theory known as the American System?
A. high tariffs
B. road building
C. encouragement of new enterprises
D. a national bank
E. cheap sale of public lands

18. The first national labor union in the US was the
A. International Workers’ Union
B. National Trades Union
C. National Workers’ Union
D. Knights of Labor
E. National Labor Union
(your book is incorrect!)

19. Who was most directly responsible for bringing the system for industrialization to the US?
A. Benjamin Franklin
B. Eli Whitney
C. Thomas Edison
D. Henry Ford
E. Samuel Slater

20. Marbury v Madison strengthened the power of the
A. executive branch
B. judicial branch
C. legislative branch
D. states over the federal government
E. local governments against federal power.

Andrew Jackson review materials

This is from a PBS special called Andrew Jackson: Good, Evil, and the Presidency, and has a glossary of terms about Jackson’s presidency:

Here is the History Channel’s biography of Jackson: