Practice questions for 20-22 test

1. The group in the North which was most dangerous to the Union cause was the
A. Peace Democrats.
B. Radical Republicans.
C. War Democrats.
D. Free Soil Party.
E. African Americans.

2. After the Civil War, the South gained more representation in Congress because
A. the three-fifths compromise was repealed when slaves were freed.
B. the South lost fewer voters in proportion to the North as casualties in the Civil War.
C. carpetbaggers moving south artificially swelled the population.
D. blacks voted in higher percentages than whites.
E. more states were added to the Union in the South than in the North.

3. “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the states wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of the of citizens of the United States, nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
The above quotation is a key clause in the
A. Black Code of South Carolina.
B. Gettysburg Address.
C. 13th Amendment to the Constitution.
D. 14th Amendment to the Constitution.
E. 15th Amendment to the Constitution.

4. As a result of the Civil War, the Northern economy d, 477-8
A. emerged more prosperous than ever before.
B. became dependent upon international trade.
C. became so prosperous that unscrupulous business practices were dramatically reduced.
D. greatly helped the day laborer.
E. saw industrial profits improve but agricultural profits fall.

5. The Civil War resulted in which of the following?
A. expanded federal powers in taxation.
B. increased influence for the federal courts.
C. the creation of the first federal social welfare agency.
D. the end of slavery.
E. all of the above are true.

6. The purpose of the Force Act of 1871 was to
A. ban the use of terror, force, or bribery by the Ku Klux Klan to prevent blacks from voting.
B. force South Carolina to accept the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments.
C. force the last Federal Troops from the South in exchange for acquiescence to the election of Rutherford Hayes as president.
D. collect the last of the Plains Indians and remove them to reservations in order to enable white settlement of the Great Plains.
E. ban the use of the crop-lien system to re-enslave blacks.

7. Radical Republican state governments
A. did little of value.
B. passed much desirable legislation and badly needed reforms.
C. were more corrupt than Northern state governments.
D. had all their reforms repealed by all-white “redeemer” governments.
E. collapsed before the end of the 1860s due to lack of tax revenue.

8. Which state declared its neutrality in the Civil War?
A. Oklahoma
B. Nebraska
C. Nevada
D. Indiana
E. Kentucky

9. In the 1866 congressional elections,
A. President Johnson conducted a highly successful “swing around the circle” tour.
B. radicals replaced moderates as the dominant faction in Congress.
C. voters endorsed the congressional approach to Reconstruction.
D. Republicans lost majority control of Congress.
E. the South voted strongly Democratic.

10. Robert E. Lee decided to invade the North through Pennsylvania in order to
A. deliver a decisive blow to strengthen the Northern peace movement.
B. force the Union to ease its blockade of the South.
C. cut Northern supply lines.
D. stir northern draft resisters to revolt.
E. seize Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.

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