Which of the following best expresses Turner’s “Frontier thesis?”
A. “The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development.”
B. “The most significant thing about the American frontier is, that it lies at the hither edge of free land.”
C. “The effect of the Indian frontier as a consolidating agent in our history is important.”
D. “… the demand for land and the love of wilderness freedom drew the frontier ever onward.”
E. “The effect of the Indian frontier as a consolidating agent in our history is important.”
The real “safety valve” in the late 19th century was
A. the city.
B. the Western frontier.
Under President Benjamin Harrison, the Republicans were eager to spend the government’s surplus money because they wanted to
A. safeguard the high tariff.
B. win the support of farmers.
C. increase the services government provided to citizens.
D. deny that they were insensitive to the needs of labor.
E. help ease the hardships caused by the Depression of 1893.
Farmers in the late 19th century believed that their difficulties stemmed from, among other things, which of the following?
A. low tariff rates.
C. easy credit.
D. the currency supply.
One of the major effects of the industrial revolution of the late 19th century in the US was
A. an increased emphasis on worker health and safety issues.
B. a decrease in worker productivity as a result of continuous clashes between unions and management.
C. an increased emphasis on high- quality, error free work.
D. an increase in the number of small industrial facilities, which could operate more efficiently than larger industrial plants.
E. an increased emphasis on speed rather than quality of work.
Booker T. Washington believed that the key to political and civil rights for African Americans was
A. specialized training to demonstrate African Americans’ contributions to society and the economy
B. rigorous academic training to prove that African Americans were in every way intellectually equal to whites
C. the rejection of accomodationist attitudes
D. to directly challenge white supremacy
E. an emphasis on liberal arts colleges that admitted blacks.