1. The first federal agency which sought to improve the welfare of vulnerable citizens was
A. the Reconstruction Finance Corporation
B. the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands
C. the Bureau of Indian Affairs
D. the Federal Emergency Relief Administration
E. the department of Health, Education, and Welfare
2. The 15th Amendment, ratified in 1870, was finally enforced by
A. the Civil Rights Act of 1964
B. the Equal Rights Amendment
C. the Volstead Act
D. the Voting Rights Act of 1965
E. the Wagner Act
3. The chief figure in the Teapot Dome scandal was
A. Albert Fall
B. Harry Daugherty
C. J. Frank Norris
D. Calvin Coolidge
E. Gifford Pinchot
4. Pres. McKinley asked for a declaration of war upon Spain because the
A. business community favored the conflict.
B. Spanish government had insulted him.
C. US had wanted to acquire Cuba for decades, and this would enable that to happen.
D. American people, fanned by the claims of yellow journalists, demanded it.
E. Teller Amendment had been passed.
5. The word “Balkanization” was coined from the disintegration of the country of
6. The Filipino who led the rebellion against Spanish, American and Japanese occupation was
A. Valeriano Weyler.
B. Pasqual de Cerveza.
C. Dupuy de Lome.
D. Emilio Aguinaldo.
E. Ramon Macapagal.
7. The US gained a perpetual lease on the Panama Canal Zone in the
A. Hay- Bunau- Varilla Treaty.
B. Hay-Pauncefote Treaty.
C. Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
D. Gentlemen’s Agreement.
E. Teller Amendment.
8. The Supreme Court’s “rule of reason” was a doctrine that stated that
A. businesses formed individual contracts with each employee.
B. socialists and anarchists could be jailed for their political speech.
C. the protections of the Constitution “followed the flag.”
D. only business combinations that “unreasonably” restricted trade were illegal.
E. the federal government’s attempts to impose an income tax were unconstitutional.
9. During Reagan’s presidency, US troops invaded
E. El Salvador
10. Which year marked the high point for both Germany and Japan in World War II?
11. His chase of Alger Hiss as a suspected communist vaulted him into national prominence (and higher political office) as a member of HUAC. Who is he?
A. Joseph McCarthy
B. Richard Nixon
C. Whittaker Chambers
D. John F. Kennedy
E. Lyndon Johnson
12. After this battle, the French decided to pull out of Vietnam.
A. Tet Offensive
B. Khe Sahn
C. Hamburger Hill
D. Pusan Offensive
E. Dien Bien Phu
13. Practices such as buying on margin, speculation, and banks buying stocks
A. increased the overall prosperity in the US economy.
B. enabled the poor to gain more wealth.
C. led to increased volatility and instability in the stock market.
D. ensured that stock prices remained high.
E. led to a decrease in the number of stocks changing hands.
14. Carrie Nation was associated most strongly with the issue of
A. women’s suffrage.
C. the settlement house movement.
D. women’s labor laws.
E. passage of the 14th Amendment.
15. Sen. Joseph McCarthy denounced this war hero and ex-secretary of state under Truman for engaging in a conspiracy to cover up Communist subversion in the State Department.
A. Dwight Eisenhower
B. George Marshall
C. George Patton
D. John Bricker
E. Audie Murphy
16. Who warned that the working class would bear the brunt of the dying and would only become “cannon fodder” as part of American forces in World War I?
A. Woodrow Wilson
B. Henry Cabot Lodge
C. W. E. B. Du Bois
D. Robert La Follette
E. Eugene V. Debs
17. Booker T. Washington advocated which course of action to increase the rights of African Americans?
A. specialized training to demonstrate African Americans’ contributions to society and the economy
B. rigorous academic training to prove the intellectual capacity of African Americans compared to whites
C. the rejection of accomodationist attitudes as a betrayal of the black race
D. to directly challenge white supremacy immediately and without compromise
E. an emphasis on liberal arts colleges that admitted blacks
18. “General” Jacob Coxey and his “army” marched on Washington, D.C. to
A. demand a larger military budget.
B. protest the Sherman Silver Purchase Act.
C. attempt to take over the War Department.
D. stir up considerable disorder in an attempted coup.
E. demand that the government relieve unemployment with a public works program.
Which party, whose members chose J. Strom Thurmond as its presidential candidate, was formed after the Democratic party added a civil rights plank to its platform in 1948?
A. States’ Rights Party
B. New Progressive Party
C. Liberty Party
D. Separate but Equal Party
E. White Citizens’ Party
19. One unusual and significant characteristic of the coal strike in 1902 was that
A. the union was officially recognized as the legal bargaining agent for the miners.
B. for a time the mines were seized by the national government and operated by federal troops.
C. the national government did not automatically side with the owners of the mines.
D. the owners quickly agreed to negotiate with labor representatives.
E. for the first time, the Supreme Court ruled the owners’ actions unconstitutional.
20. The American Protective Association
A. preached the social gospel that churches were obligated to help the New Immigrants
B. was led for many years by Jane Addams and Florence Kelley
C. sought to encourage mutual-aid associations
D. established settlement houses in major cities
E. supported immigration restrictions
21. Which work of literature was written in response to the “red scare” known as McCarthyism, and also gave the red scare its other nickname?
A. Death of a Salesman
B. Springtime for Hitler
C. Leave it to Beaver
D. The Grapes of Wrath
E. The Crucible
22. During the Second World War, much of Tokyo was destroyed by
A. an atomic bomb in a nearby suburb.
B. incendiary bombing with napalm.
C. shelling from US ships offshore.
D. looting by the Japanese people.
E. an earthquake and tsunami that struck in late 1944.
23. The public library movement across America was greatly aided by financial support from
A. the Morrill Act
B. Andrew Carnegie
C. John D. Rockefeller
D. women’s organizations
E. Johns Hopkins
24. In the 1908 Supreme Court decision of Muller v. Oregon the Supreme Court ruled that
A. sanitation codes were legal.
B. workingmen’s compensation was legal.
C. laws protecting female workers were legal.
D. antiliquor laws were constitutional.
E. antitrust laws were constitutional.
25. The US gained a virtual right of intervention in an “independent” Cuba in the
A. Insular Cases.
B. Foraker Act.
C. Teller Amendment.
D. Platt Amendment.
E. Guantanamo Bay Treaty.
26. The first shots in the Spanish-American War took place in the Philippines because
A. it was considered to be the weakest spot in the Spanish Empire.
B. that’s where Spanish saboteurs were believed to have sunk the USS Maine.
C. the new American steel fleet was nearby in Hong Kong when war was declared.
D. the Spanish treatment of the Filipinos was considered to be most brutal there.
E. that’s where American business interests were the most threatened.
27. Progressives adhered to all of the following goals EXCEPT
A. promoting economic and social justice.
B. using laws to promote morality.
C. limiting the role of the federal government.
D. the regulation of business practices.
E. expanding democracy.
28. The constitutionality of the internment of Japanese-Americans was upheld in the case of
A. Gong Lum v. California.
B. Suzuki v. US.
C. Korematsu v. US.
D. Wheeler v. Roosevelt.
E. Kurosawa v. White.
29. The “Star Wars” program altered the decades-long conventional thinking about nuclear weapons because it
A. called for a preemptive first strike when nuclear war was likely.
B. proposed massive retaliation against Soviet cities in the event of nuclear war.
C. emphasized defense against nuclear attack as the most effective form of nuclear capability.
D. effectively reduced the cost of the nuclear arms race.
E. offered to provide nuclear capability to countries that promised to oppose the USSR.
30. The Truman Doctrine was formulated in response to a possible communist take-over in
D. Greece and Turkey
31. As a result of the Battle of Leyte Gulf,
A. Japan stalled an Allied victory.
B. Admiral “Bull” Halsey suffered his first loss.
C. Japan was nearly able to take Australia.
D. the US could bomb Japan from Hawai’i.
E. Japan was finished as a naval power.
32. The _________________ set out to limit the spread of vice and specifically outlawed the mailing of “obscene” material through the mail.
A. Connecticut Blue Laws
B. Pendleton Act
C. Comstock Laws
D. Workingman’s Act
E. Burlington Act
33. The 1955 Geneva Conference
A. unified the two Vietnams.
B. made Ngo Dinh Diem president of Vietnam.
C. called for two Vietnams to hold national elections within two years.
D. created the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.
E. established the permanent division of Vietnam.
34. President Truman risked US access to Middle Eastern oil supplies when he
A. recognized the new Jewish state of Israel.
B. refused to support the Saudi monarchy.
C. sent US military forces into Lebanon.
D. allowed the CIA to stage a coup in Iran.
E. supported British control over the Suez canal.
35. In 1956, when Hungary revolted against continued domination by the USSR, the US under President Eisenhower
A. sent money to the rebels.
B. did nothing to help defeat the communists.
C. refused to admit any Hungarian refugees.
D. gave only outdated military equipment to the freedom fighters.
E. threatened to end food shipments to the USSR if it intervened.
36. World War I had what effect on civil liberties in America?
A. They were threatened by President Wilson, but protected by the courts.
B. They were severely limited due to pressures for loyalty and conformity.
C. Most restricted along the Eastern seaboard due to fears of German submarine attacks.
D. They were most severely limited for those whose ethnic heritage was from one of the enemy countries.
E. They were greatly expanded since we sought to show that we were fighting to expand democracy.
37. This was a group of 14 Republican senators who absolutely refused to support any aspect of the League of Nations.
A. the irreconcilables
B. the obstructionists
C. the irreparables
D. the reservationists
E. the loyalists
38. The Pension Act of 1890 was an attempt to secure the votes of
A. former government employees.
B. Union army veterans.
C. Northern industrialists.
D. Western farmers.
E. industrial workers.
39. The only transcontinental railroad built without government aid was the
A. New York Central.
B. Northern Pacific.
C. Union Pacific.
D. Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe.
E. Great Northern.
40. The Boland amendment
A. prevented the executive branch from funding the Nicaraguan rebels.
B. called for a special prosecutor to investigate impropriety in the executive branch.
C. mandated a balanced federal budget by 1991.
D. forbade any negotiations with terrorists holding Americans hostage.
E. mandated increased military spending in an effort to drive the USSR into oblivion.