Practice for semester 1 final

_____l. The Stamp Act was intended primarily to
(a) reduce the authority of the colonial legislatures.
(b) reduce colonial consumption of foreign goods.
(c) raise revenues to support British troops stationed in America.
(d) impose a mercantilist system on the colonies.
(e) fund the colonial postal system.

_____2. Which of the following was correctly pairs the settlement with the leader most associated with it?
(a) Savannah- John Smith
(b) Philadelphia – James Oglethorpe
(c) Jamestown – William Penn
(d) Hartford – Roger Williams
(e) Plymouth – William Bradford

_____3. This case was important in establishing a very early right of the freedom of the press in what would later be America.
(a) the Plessy case
(b) the Dred Scott case
(c) the Marbury case
(d) the Zenger case
(e) the Guitar case

_____4. The Hartford Convention of 1815
(a) rejected the Treaty of Ghent.
(b) supported another invasion of Canada.
(c) nominated Democratic candidates for president.
(d) led to the death of the Federalist party.
(e) called for repeal of the Alien and Sedition Acts.

_____5. Which of the following does NOT accurately describe part of the Missouri Compromise of l820?
(a) It created the free state of Maine from territory that belonged to Massachusetts.
(b) It provided a method for counting slaves among state populations when determining the size of the states’ Congressional delegations.
(c) It attempted to create a geographical border for the exclusion of slavery in the Louisiana Territory
(d) One of its purposes was to maintain the equal representation of free states and slave states in the Senate.
(e) It allowed Missouri to be admitted to the Union as a slave state.

_____6. A “Separatist,” in the 17th century, was a person who
(a) left the Massachusetts Bay colony for religious freedom in Rhode Island.
(b) had served his apprenticeship.
(c) left England to seek economic gain in the New World.
(d) earned his freedom after working for another person for four to seven years.
(e) wished to break away from the impure Church of England.

_____7. Which political leader endorsed the philosophy that the political and social future of the United States would be more secure if the United States emphasized industry and manufacturing instead of agriculture?
(a) Thomas Jefferson
(b) Alexander Hamilton
(c) Henry Clay
(d) Daniel Webster
(e) Eugene V. Debs

_____8. What was the largest single territorial acquisition after independence?
(a) Louisiana Purchase
(b) Florida Purchase
(c) Gadsden Purchase
(d) Oregon Country
(e) Mexican Cession

_____9. The Northwest Ordinance applied to
(a) the Louisiana Purchase
(b) Maine and Vermont
(c) the Oregon country
(d) the Ohio Country
(e) the Mexican Cession

_____10. The Republican response to the 1798 Alien and Sedition Acts included
(a) South Carolina’s nullification of the acts.
(b) the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions.
(c) the Hartford Convention.
(d) the Ostend Manifesto.
(e) the Mulligan Letters.

_____11. All of the following were provisions of the Compromise of 1850 EXCEPT
(a) establishment of Utah and New Mexico as territories with squatter sovereignty.
(b) a strict fugitive slave law.
(c) the opening of the slave trade in Washington, D.C.
(d) the redrawing of the Texas boundary.
(e) admittance of California into the union as a free state.

_____12. The “First Great Awakening” can be seen as a direct response to which of the following?
(a) existentialism
(b) post-modernism
(c) Puritanism
(d) Transcendentalism
(e) the Enlightenment

_____13. The doctrine of nullification stated that
(a) legal immigrants may be deported when they fall into a state of destitution.
(b) Congress may override an executive order with a two-thirds majority vote.
(c) the government may take control of a bank if its cash reserves fall below a certain percentage of its total deposits.
(d) municipal and county governments may rescind licenses granted by the state.
(e) a state may repeal any federal law that it deems unconstitutional.

_____14. The Monroe Doctrine stated that the United States had legitimate reason to fear European intervention in the Western Hemisphere because
(a) Europe’s forms of government were fundamentally different from those of the United States and newly liberated South American countries.
(b) the overpopulation of Europe made future incursions in the New World a real possibility.
(c) the United States anticipated reprisals for its frequent interference in European affairs.
(d) Europe’s militaries were considerably more powerful than was the United States’.
(e) the United States ultimately intended to annex lands in the Western Hemisphere.

_____15. A major weakness of the Articles of Confederation was that the Articles
(a) created a too-powerful chief executive.
(b) did not include a mechanism for their own amendment.
(c) made it too difficult for the government to raise money through taxes and duties.
(d) denied the federal government the power to mediate disputes between states.
(e) required the ratification of only a simple majority of states.

_____16. The situation described as “Bleeding Kansas” developed as a result of
(a) the provision for popular sovereignty to determine its free-soil status.
(b) the massacre of Union soldiers at Fort Leavenworth at the start of the Civil War.
(c) the violent dispossession of the state’s Native American population.
(d) a war between Gentiles and Mormons along the Mormon trail.
(e) an epidemic of hemorragic fever that was spread from cattle to humans.

_____17. Which best explains the rise of political parties in the 1790s?
(a) Hamilton’s and Jefferson’s personal dislike for one another.
(b) a continuation of the Loyalists-Revolutionaries split of the Revolutionary War era
(c) a continuation of the division for and against (the Antifederalists) and ratification of the Constitution
(d) the desire of Washington for two distinct viewpoints on policy issues so that he could evaluate the issues to select the better course of action
(e) differing ideology and viewpoints accented by disagreements over the establishment of a national bank; the payment of the foreign, nation, and state debts; our foreign policies, and the Alien and Sedition Acts

_____18. All of the following contributed to the coming of the War of 1812 EXCEPT
(a) the Chesapeake-Leopard Incident.
(b) British impressment of American seamen from American ships on the high seas.
(c) the concerns of Western Americans that the Indian raids they suffered were being carried out with British encouragement.
(d) the Congressional “War Hawks” desire to annex Canada.
(e) the armed confrontation between US and British forces along the Maine-Canada border.

_____19. In the 1790s political conflict between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton, Jefferson would have been more likely to
(a) favor the establishment of a national bank.
(b) favor Britain over France in the European wars.
(c) win the cooperation of presidents George Washington and John Adams.
(d) take a narrow view of the Constitution.
(e) oppose the efforts of Citizen Genet in America.

_____20. The Removal of the Cherokee Indians from Georgia pushed westward an Indian nation that attempted to assimilate into white culture. In which of the following were the Cherokees the LEAST successful in assimilating into white culture?
(a) adopting white agriculture methods
(b) establishing a government based on a written constitution
(c) adopting white religions
(d) owning black slaves
(e) adopting white patterns of land ownership

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