Archive for May 11th, 2013

The extra credit book critique form was posted yesterday….

And here’s the link, in case you need it… https://historyscoop.com/2013/05/10/extra-credit-book-critique-form-2013/

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Corporate history

Here’s some linky goodness.

The story of Standard Oil Trust: http://www.us-highways.com/sohist.htm

The story of Bell Telephone: http://www.beatriceco.com/bti/porticus/bell/bell.htm

The iron and steel industry: http://www.history.com/topics/iron-and-steel-industry

Andrew Carnegie: http://www.history.com/topics/andrew-carnegie

History of Ford Motor Company: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5168769

Timeline of General Electric Corporation: http://www.xtimeline.com/timeline/History-of-General-Electric

History of J. P Morgan bank: this one’s not complementary but thorough- http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-05-03/the-violent-scandalous-origins-of-jpmorgan-chase.html and there is the corporate version here:
http://www.jpmorgan.com/pages/jpmorgan/about/history

Microsoft Corporation: http://www.thehistoryofcorporate.com/companies-by-industry/information-industry/microsoft-corporation/

Dow Chemical Company: http://www.thehistoryofcorporate.com/companies-by-industry/household-office-goods/dow-chemical-company/

More study questions for 1800-1850

What killed off the Federalist party?
Describe John Marshall’s philosophy as chief justice and be able to explain the impact of major decisions.
What difference did the War of 1812 make?
How did being president change Thomas Jefferson?
What madcap adventures was Aaron Burr involved in?
What were the benefits of the Lewis and Clark expedition?
Were there really good feelings during the Era of Good Feelings? When was this era?

1. Jefferson perceived navies as less dangerous than armies because
A. they were generally smaller in numbers.
B. they had little chance of starting a war.
C. they were less in contact with foreign powers.
D. they could not march inland and endanger liberties.
E. all of the above.

2. Tecumseh argued that Native Americans should
A. never give control of their land to whites.
B. move west of the Mississippi River.
C. not cede control of land to whites unless all Indians agreed.
D. exchange traditional ways for European ways.
E. fight as individual tribes and maintain independence.

3. The immediate goal of the Hartford Convention was to
A. seek financial aid from Britain.
B. allow New England militias to fight for the Americans.
C. secure financial assistance from the US government.
D. expand the activities of the “Blue Lights.”
E. create a new nation separate from the rest of the US.

4. The Battle of New Orleans
A. resulted in another American defeat and the recall of negotiators to peace talks.
B. helped the US win the War of 1812.
C. resulted in British troops being defeated by Andrew Jackson’s forces.
D. prevented America from taking Canada.
E. resulted in Cajuns being considered traitors.

4. Jefferson’s embargo failed for all of the following reasons EXCEPT that
A. he underestimated the determination of the British.
B. he underestimated Britain’s dependence upon American trade.
C. Britain produced a bumper grain crop.
D. Latin America opened its ports for commerce.
E. he miscalculated the difficulty in enforcing it.

5. The property qualification to vote became practically meaningless by the 1840s in the West because
A. land was easily obtained.
B. other ways prevented the common man from voting.
C. so few owned land.
D. few on the frontier wanted to vote.
E. banks owned nearly all the land.

6. The Missouri Compromise caused many white southerners to
A. abandon national politics in favor of state politics.
B. fear additional federal attempts to limit states’ rights.
C. ally themselves with westerners to protect slavery.
D. oppose hard-money policies of the Bank of the US.
E. flood into the territories with their slaves.

7. The “South Carolina Exposition” was
A. an attempt to destroy the Union.
B. a pamphlet that advocated manifest destiny.
C. a pamphlet that advocated nullification.
D. an explanation of urban planning concepts.
E. the first World’s Fair held on US soil.

8. Andrew Jackson’s election as president represented
A. the return of Jeffersonian simplicity.
B. the hesitancy of the American people to elect military leaders.
C. the zenith of states’ rights over federal power.
D. the involvement of state governments in the economy.
E. the newly won political influence of the masses of the “common man.”

9. As president, John Quincy Adams
A. was much more successful than his father.
B. was more successful than he had been as secretary of state.
C. was one of the least successful presidents in history.
D. put many of his supporters on the federal payroll.
E. was successful only in building a national observatory.

10. President Andrew Jackson withdrew federal deposits from the 2nd Bank of the US and
A. spent it to renovate Washington DC.
B. deposited the money in Switzerland.
C. proposed the creation of the Capitol Bank.
D. withdrew the charter of the Bank of the US.
E. placed the funds in so-called “pet” banks he favored.

11. In the new continental economy, each region specialized in a particular economic activity; the South _______ for export; the West grew grains and livestock to feed ______; and the East __________ for the other two regions.
A. grew cotton, eastern factory workers, made machines and textiles
B. grew cotton, southern slaves, made machines and textiles
C. raised grain, southern slaves, processed meat
D. raised corn, eastern factory workers, made furniture and tools
E. grew cotton; the flood of eastern immigrants; developed a banking system

12. The nullification controversy of 1828-1833 arose in response to
A.popular sovereignty
B. internal improvements
C. protective tariffs
D. the 2nd Bank of the US
E. federal restrictions on slavery

Review MC for the period 1800-1850

1. Which president’s administration is most associated with the Era of Good Feelings?
A. Thomas Jefferson
B. Andrew Jackson
C. James Monroe
D. Martin van Buren
E. John Quincy Adams

2. Which of the following Supreme Court decisions held that Congress had the right to establish a bank under the “necessary and proper” clause?
A. Plessy v. Ferguson
B. Schenck v. United States
C. Gibbons v. Ogden
D. McCulloch v. Maryland
E. Marbury v. Madison

3. The main architect of the Missouri compromise was
A. Henry Clay
B. Daniel Webster
C. Thomas Hart Benton
D. John C. Calhoun
E. Stephen Douglas

4. Which of the following is NOT associated with the “American System?”
A. Henry Clay
B. the Second Bank of the United States
C. bonuses for new industries
D. federally funded internal improvements
E. a protective tariff (also for revenue)

5. Which of the following statements about the Treaty of Ghent was NOT TRUE?
A. The signatories were the United States and Britain.
B. It did not address freedom of the seas.
C. It failed to address British impressment policy.
D. It settled the border disputes involving the Louisiana Territory.
E. It ended the War of 1812.

6. As chief justice, John Marshall helped ensure that
A. Aaron Burr was convicted of treason.
B. the political and economic systems were based on a strong central government.
C. states’ rights were protected.
D. both the Supreme Court and the president could declare a law unconstitutional.
E. the programs of Alexander Hamilton were overturned.

7. The delegates of the Hartford Convention adopted resolutions that included a call for
A. a separate peace treaty between New England and the British.
B. South Carolina’s secession from the Union.
C. war with England on the basis of interference with merchant shipping.
D. the dissolution of the Federalist party on the grounds of collaboration with the enemy.
E. a Constitutional amendment requiring a two-thirds vote in Congress before war was declared.

8. The Adams- Onis Treaty of 1819 gave the United States
A. California
B. Oregon
C. Florida
D. a defined border for Texas
E. a defined border with Mexico

9. The main point of contention in the Webster-Hayne debate of 1830 was
A. reform of the spoils system.
B. state nullification of federal laws.
C. the settlement of Missouri as a slave state.
D. the morality of slavery.
E. presidential veto power.

10. The leaders of New England states opposed the American System’s federally constructed roads because
A. canals were a superior method of transportation.
B. the Democratic-Republicans favored them.
C. they cost too much.
D. they were poorly constructed.
E. they would drain away needed population to the West.

11. Macon’s Bill No. 2
A. repealed the Embargo Act of 1807.
B. forbade American ships from leaving port for any destination whatsoever, including other American ports.
C. forbade American trade with Britain and France but offered to open trade with either country if they would declare a ceasefire in their war.
D. permitted trade with all nations but promised that is either Britain or France lifted its restrictions on American trade, the US would stop trading with the other.
E. halted trade with Britain.

12. The accomplishments of Lewis and Clark’s expedition included all of the following EXCEPT
A. treaties with several Indian nations.
B. knowledge of the Indians of the region.
C. a rich harvest of scientific information.
D. maps.
E. hair-raising adventure stories.

13. Groups which tended to support the Whig party included all of the following EXCEPT
A. many evangelical Protestants.
B. backers of southern states’ rights.
C. opponents of public education.
D. backers of the American System.
E. large northern industrialists.

14. Which of the following was NOT a provision of the original Monroe Doctrine?
A. The United States would use military intervention in the Americas if needed.
B. The United States would not intervene in European wars and conflicts.
C. European intervention in the Americas would be viewed as a threat to American security.
D. The Americas were politically different from Europe.
E. The Western Hemisphere was closed to further European colonization.

15. Which of the following was a roadblock to the admission of Texas to the Union after it proclaimed independence in 1836?
A. disagreement over the location of its southern boundary
B. its aggressive Native American population
C. the influential presence of the Catholic Church in its boundaries
D. racial opposition from nativists to adding a sizeable number of Tejanos
E. the intent to permit slavery in Texas

16. “The major problems of this country are the result of too many immigrants and the corrupt influence of the Papists…. Immigrants should be required to live in the United States before being allowed to vote.”
The quote above is representative of the views of which 19th century political party?
A. Know-Nothing party
B. Whig Party
C. Republican Party
D. Free Soil Party
E. Populist Party

17. Which writer is most associated with the “positive good” argument regarding slavery?
A. Henry Clay
B. George Fitzhugh
C. Stephen Douglas
D. Thaddeus Stevens
E. Frederick Douglass

18. The creation of the “market economy” in the 1820s refers to the rise of
A. cash crop agriculture
B. American factories
C. the Second Bank of the United States
D. the New England textile industry
E. subsistence agriculture

19. “John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it.” This statement was purportedly made by Andrew Jackson in reference to which Supreme Court case?
A. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
B. Scott v. Sanford
C. Gibbons v. Ogden
D. Marbury v. Madison
E. the treason trial of Aaron Burr

20. Which of the following was not a feature of life in pre-Civil War cities?
A. increasing population
B. increasing crime
C. extensive sewer systems
D. growth of slums
E. rapidly rising death rates