Chapter 10 questions
Make sure you are answering FULLY and including dates, leaders, places etc.
1. What were the specific strengths and weaknesses of the new nation as of 1789? Had anything changed since 1787? Include population growth in your calculations.
2. Why was Spain a possible threat to western development? Where were their claims?
3. List the specific ways the presidency of Washington established precedents for later presidents (try saying that three times fast).
4. Prior to the building of the District of Columbia, what was the temporary capital of the US? Why was this so?
5. How many specific rights were included in the Bill of Rights? (Count them—you will be surprised.) What was the fear regarding the enumeration of rights? How was this fear ameliorated?
6. What exactly does the Constitution say about the judicial branch’s organization and requirements, and how does this compare with the descriptions of the other two branches? What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 do?
7. Why does the author pinpoint Alexander Hamilton as the key figure of this period– over Jefferson and even Washington? What office did he hold, and what were Hamilton’s major goals?
8. Explain why Hamilton claimed that funding at par would benefit the nation. Be able to explain “funding at par”– if you have to research this, that’s okay
9. What deal did Jefferson make to get the location of the US capitol to be in the South?
10. What were the main sources of government revenue during the Washington administration? How does that differ from today? Look it up.
11. Explain the different claims of Hamilton and Jefferson regarding a national bank. How did this reflect a deeper disagreement about the Constitution? What were the characteristics of the 1st Bank of the United States?
12. Why was the excise tax on whiskey especially resented on the frontier? How was the response to this rebellion different from that against Shays’ Rebellion?
13. List all the effects of Hamilton’s financial plan.
14. What is the difference between a faction and a party? What are the pros and cons of a 2-party system? How did the French Revolution affect the partisanship in American political life—why did each party view the Revolution differently?
15. Compare and contrast the French Revolution to the American Revolution. Make sure you consider causes as well as characteristics.
16. Why did Washington nullify the Franco-American Alliance with his Neutrality Proclamation? Explain this quote: “American neutrality in fact favored France.”
17. How responsible were the British for our troubles on the Frontier? What is significant about the Treaty of Greenville?
18. How else did Britain violate American sovereignty, and what was our specific response? Evaluate Jay’s accomplishments in England. How did this treaty lead to Pinckney’s? How was Jay’s Treaty received by France?
19. Why did Washington’s Farewell Address advise isolationism?
20. What specific challenges did Adams face as president that Washington did not? Why was this so?
21. Why did undeclared war erupt with France? Why did Adams’ action toward France prove to be wise? How did the Quasi-War—and the Franco American Alliance—come to an end?
22. How did the Federalists attempt to stifle dissent? What were the political considerations used in altering immigration laws? Why was the Sedition Act not overturned by the courts? How did the Alien and Sedition Acts lead to the promotion of the doctrine of nullification?
23. Explain the compact theory of government. How did the compact theory lead to support for secession later in US history (and even now)?
24. Look at the chart on p. 219. What aspects of the different beliefs of the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans can still be seen today in our political parties? Did either party support full democratic participation (universal manhood suffrage)? Explain. What types of people were more likely to support each party?
25. How did Jefferson link slavery with the preservation of democracy?