Archive for the ‘Chapter 20’ Category

The use of primary source interviews: The Slave Narratives

This video can also be found at

Professor James Horton discusses the significance of the WPA Slave Narrative project.


Practice questions for 20-22 test

1. The group in the North which was most dangerous to the Union cause was the
A. Peace Democrats.
B. Radical Republicans.
C. War Democrats.
D. Free Soil Party.
E. African Americans.

2. After the Civil War, the South gained more representation in Congress because
A. the three-fifths compromise was repealed when slaves were freed.
B. the South lost fewer voters in proportion to the North as casualties in the Civil War.
C. carpetbaggers moving south artificially swelled the population.
D. blacks voted in higher percentages than whites.
E. more states were added to the Union in the South than in the North.

3. “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the states wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of the of citizens of the United States, nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
The above quotation is a key clause in the
A. Black Code of South Carolina.
B. Gettysburg Address.
C. 13th Amendment to the Constitution.
D. 14th Amendment to the Constitution.
E. 15th Amendment to the Constitution.

4. As a result of the Civil War, the Northern economy d, 477-8
A. emerged more prosperous than ever before.
B. became dependent upon international trade.
C. became so prosperous that unscrupulous business practices were dramatically reduced.
D. greatly helped the day laborer.
E. saw industrial profits improve but agricultural profits fall.

5. The Civil War resulted in which of the following?
A. expanded federal powers in taxation.
B. increased influence for the federal courts.
C. the creation of the first federal social welfare agency.
D. the end of slavery.
E. all of the above are true.

6. The purpose of the Force Act of 1871 was to
A. ban the use of terror, force, or bribery by the Ku Klux Klan to prevent blacks from voting.
B. force South Carolina to accept the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments.
C. force the last Federal Troops from the South in exchange for acquiescence to the election of Rutherford Hayes as president.
D. collect the last of the Plains Indians and remove them to reservations in order to enable white settlement of the Great Plains.
E. ban the use of the crop-lien system to re-enslave blacks.

7. Radical Republican state governments
A. did little of value.
B. passed much desirable legislation and badly needed reforms.
C. were more corrupt than Northern state governments.
D. had all their reforms repealed by all-white “redeemer” governments.
E. collapsed before the end of the 1860s due to lack of tax revenue.

8. Which state declared its neutrality in the Civil War?
A. Oklahoma
B. Nebraska
C. Nevada
D. Indiana
E. Kentucky

9. In the 1866 congressional elections,
A. President Johnson conducted a highly successful “swing around the circle” tour.
B. radicals replaced moderates as the dominant faction in Congress.
C. voters endorsed the congressional approach to Reconstruction.
D. Republicans lost majority control of Congress.
E. the South voted strongly Democratic.

10. Robert E. Lee decided to invade the North through Pennsylvania in order to
A. deliver a decisive blow to strengthen the Northern peace movement.
B. force the Union to ease its blockade of the South.
C. cut Northern supply lines.
D. stir northern draft resisters to revolt.
E. seize Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.

Frederick Douglass speech Excerpt

James Earl Jones (the voice of Darth Vader and CNN!) reads an except from Frederick Douglass’s speech about what the Fourth of July meant for “the Negro.” This is from left-wing historian Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States.

Chapter 20 outlines

Chapter 20 Outlines– due Monday, November 15, 2010

I. What would it take for the South to Win?

A. Advantages

1. Military leadership (name and identify leaders) 2. Defensive War 3. Psychological– what were they fighting for?

B. Disadvantages

1. Population  2. Economy–lack of diversification 3. Military– navy, willingness to fight away from home 4. Foreign relations  5. How to pay for war/debt

C. Government– how is the Confederate government organized?

1. Effectiveness of Jefferson Davis/political leaders

2. Effectiveness and features of Confederate constitution

3. Unity of states?

D. Would King Cotton let them down? Explain.

E. What about the Border states?

II. What would it take for the North to win?

A. Advantages

1. Population and immigration  2. Economy (petroleum, millionaires, diversity)– why does it boom? 3. Foreign relations 4. How to pay for war  5. Navy

B. Disadvantages

1. Military leadership (name and describe)  2. Dislike of slavery/Lincoln 3. Must win offensive war 4. What were they fighting for?

C. Government– how effective was the Union government?

1. Effectiveness of Lincoln/political leaders

2. Lincoln and civil liberties– how far is he willing to go to save the Union?

3. Unity of states/public opinion

D. What about the Border States?

III. Johnny Reb versus Billy Yank

A. Brother versus brother

B. Volunteers versus draftees– how and why did it happen for each side, and when?

1. Who was exempt from service? 2. Bounties and substitutes 3. Resisters– Irish and “mountain whites”

C. Effects of war on soldiers

D. Effect of war on African Americans on both sides

E. How were the first shots fired at Ft. Sumter?

IV. Advances during wartime

A. Economic

1. Banking system  2. Millionaires and coal oil johnnies

B. Sanitation and health

C. Role of women expanded

Gotta burn m’ boots!

The electoral map of 1864

Is this map indicative of Lincoln’s popularity at the time?

What states did McClellan carry?

Chapter 20 questions

Get 1-13 done by Monday, and be thorough. We will follow the same format as last week (Monday go over questions, Tuesday have terms check).

Chapter 20 questions

1. What happened to most of the federal property in seceding states? What were the exceptions, and why were the exception important?

2. Describe the dilemma Lincoln faced regarding Ft. Sumter. How did the events at Ft. Sumter become symbolic to both the North and South?

3. What is significant about the fact that Lincoln issued a call for 75,000 militiamen?

4. What were the Border states, and why did they not join the Confederacy?

5. Why was it vital that the North keep these areas in the Union? How did this need influence strategy and goals?

6. What happened in Missouri during the war? What about southern Illinois to southern Ohio? In modern Oklahoma?

7. Create a chart about the strengths and weaknesses of the opposing sides?

8. Why was cotton overestimated by Southerners as a way to gain influence and support overseas?

9. What role did Britain play in the Civil War? Consider especially the blockade of the South by the Union navy (remember the Alabama and the Laird Rams)

10. What role did Canada play during the fighting?

11. Who was Maximilian?

12. Describe Lincoln’s record on civil liberties during the war (make sure you review the entire chapter)?

13. What is conscription and why was (is) it controversial? What were ways to evade conscription, and how and why did some protest this method of raising troops? What were the differences between conscription in the North versus in the South?

14. Why were Irish Americans likely to resent being drafted, from an economic standpoint (this is review of material we have discussed in class)?

15. How did the Union attempt to raise revenue to pay for the war? List and explain the various methods used, and their efficacy.

16. What was the intent of the National Banking System?

17. Why did the South have more trouble financing the war? What was the economic impact on the South?

18. Why did the North actually prosper during the war?

19. What corrupt practices occurred during the war, and why were they possible?

20. How did women contribute to the war effort on both sides?