Archive for the ‘Chapter 32’ Category

Take the “A” Train

Duke Ellington with Ella Fitzgerald. Music to study by, part 3:

Note her amazing scat singing!

Puzzled about a topic in chapter 32?

Let me know here! Use the comments section!

Chapter 32 Outlines- due Monday, February 14

Outline Chapter 32
You will add the details to the outlines below, and make sure you answer any questions which are posed in the outlines. These must be in your own words! You may use paragraphs with terms to answer each Roman numeral, if you wish to do so as an alternative.

I. Presidential politics- Why do the Republicans continue to dominate?
—–A. Harding (include cabinet, Ohio Gang, disarmament, stand re: business, scandals, veterans, etc.)
—–B. Coolidge (include standing pat, election of 1924, leadership style, etc.)
—–C. Hoover (include Hoover as self-made man, election of 1928, Al Smith, Great Crash and response, Bonus Army, RFC, Muscle Shoals, etc.)

II. Foreign policy—Is the US truly isolationist?
—–A. Snubbing the League
—–B. Our interest begins in the Middle East
—–C. Washington Conference (incl. treaties)
—–D. WWI debt and Dawes plan
—–E. Stimson doctrine
—–F. Good Neighbor policy

III. Economics- How well do progressive economic reforms survive in the 1920s?
—–A. Is laissez-faire still tops?
———-1. Adkins v. Children’s Hospital
—–B. Railroads and shipping (include laws and Boards)
—–C. Tariffs again- Why are they necessary?
—–D. Farmers get suckered by WWI
———-1. Fed Farm board- what was its purpose?
—–E. WWI transforms US economically (DEBTOR? CREDITOR?)
—–F. Black Tuesday
—–G. Causes of Great Depression

Terms for Chapter 32

Warren Harding,         Albert B. Fall,                 John Davis,
Charles Evans Hughes,     Harry Daugherty,             Robert LaFollette,
Andrew Mellon,        Charles Forbes,            Alfred E. Smith,
Herbert Hoover,         Calvin Coolidge,             “Ohio Gang”,
Reconstruction Finance Corp.,     Dawes Plan,
Washington Conference,     Bonus Army,                 “black gold”,
Muller v. Oregon,        Adkins v. Children’s Hospital,     American Legion,
Nine-Power Treaty,         Kellogg-Briand Pact,             Teapot Dome,
McNary-Haugen Bill,     Progressive Party,             moratorium,
“noble experiment”,         Federal Farm Board,             “Black Tuesday”,
Hoovervilles,             Muscle Shoals Bill,             Stimson doctrine,
“debt knot”,             “wheat belt”,                 Capper-Volstead Act,
Andrew Mellon,         Adkins v. Children’s Hospital,     Fordney-McCumber Tariff,
“farm bloc”,             “honest little Finland”,         Hoovercrats,
Agricultual Marketing Act,     “rugged individualism”,         “trickle-down”,
Hoover Dam,             Reconstruction Finance Corp.,     Adjusted Compensation Act,
Veterans Bureau,         steel strike- 1919,             Nicaragua
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Contrast the corrupt Harding administration with the upright Coolidge and Hoover administrations.  How did each president represent the ideals of the probusiness 1920s in his own way?
–Outline the social and political conditions in the 1920s which led to the Great Depression.  Did the Republican party fail to react?

32-33 Practice questions

Because the US insisted that war debts from WWI be repaid,
A. the French and British demanded enormous reparations from Germany.
B. the German mark was drastically deflated.
C. the Germans began a series of austerity measures.
D. the US became more involved in European affairs to ensure repayment.
E. nearly all US allies repaid their loans.

During the 1920s, the Supreme Court
A. aimed at supporting organized labor
B. rigorously upheld antitrust laws
C. generally promoted regulation of the economy
D. upheld small business at the expense of big business
E. often ruled against progressive legislation

Union membership declined in the 1920s because
A. unions were accused of being trusts.
B. many workers were too poor to pay the dues.
C. unions had been accused of being Communist organizations.
D. immigrants refused to join unions, since they were willing to work cheap.
E. the government made union membership illegal.

The National Recovery Act failed largely because
A. the agency did not have enough power to control business.
B. Harold Ickes, the head of the agency, was incompetent.
C. it required too much self-sacrifice on the part of industry, labor, and the public.
D. businesses resisted cooperating with the regulations on constitutional grounds.
E. it did not provide enough protection for labor to bargain with management.

In the mid-1920s, President Coolidge twice refused to sign legislation proposing to
A. lower taxes
B. defend the family farm against corporate takeovers
C. exempt farmers’ cooperatives from anti-trust laws
D. subsidize farm prices
E. make the US a member of the World Court

FDR’s initial “managed currency” policy aimed to
A. stimulate inflation.
B. reduce the price of gold.
C. restore confidence in banks.
D. reduce the amount of money in circulation.
E. shake up the Federal Reserve Board.

In the ratio of “5-5-3” used in the Five Power Treaty, the “3” was to be applied to
A. Japan.
B. Britain.
C. Belgium.
D. China.
E. France.

In the Adkins decision, the Supreme Court ruled that
A. federal child labor laws were unconstitutional
B. women had the right to sue for equal pay for equal work
C. anti-union “right-to-work” laws were constitutional
D. women were no longer entitled to special protection in the workplace
E. federal maternity benefits did not constitute unequal treatment.

Marcus Garvey, founder of the United Negro Improvement Association, is known for all of the following EXCEPT
A. establishing schools to teach trades
B. promoting black-owned businesses
C. cultivating feelings of self-reliance among American blacks
D. being sent to prison after a conviction for fraud
E. promoting the resettlement of American blacks in Africa

Which of these was NOT a consequence of the American policy of raising tariffs during the 1920s?
A. the postwar chaos was prolonged
B. international economic distress deepened
C. American foreign trade declined
D. European nations raised their own tariffs
E. the American economy slipped into a recession by 1927

The automobile revolution resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
A. increased dependence of women on men
B. consolidation of schools
C. the growth of suburbs
D. a loss of population in less attractive states
E. altered youthful dating behavior

The ________ was an “alphabetical agency” set up under Hoover to bring the government into the anti-Depression effort.
A. National Recovery Administration (NRA)
B. Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
C. Works Progress Administration (WPA)
D. Agricultural Adjustment Agency (AAA)
E. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)