Archive for the ‘Chapter Assignment Questions’ Category

Chapter 41 questions

See? This isn’t so bad! THESE ARE DUE the first class period next week!!!

Yeah, I DO want you doing 11 – 13.

1. What did Clinton mean when he identified himself as a “New Democrat?” What groups of voters and supporters did he specifically court? How did he anger liberals in his own party? What major economic advantage did he have throughout his presidency?
2. What blunders did Clinton make early in his presidency? How was his wife involved?
3. Who were the Branch Davidians, and what made them newsworthy? What happened at Columbine and Ruby Ridge? (You may need to research outside the book to complete this.)
4. Name and describe the leader of the House Republicans in 1994. What tactics did he use to bring Republicans to power in the House? How did they create a backlash that benefited Clinton by 1996’s elections?
5. In what areas did Clinton struggle in foreign policy, specifically? What issues involved NATO during his presidency? How had NATO changed in the 1990s from its original membership and purpose? In which conflicts did he focus peace efforts worldwide?
6. On what charges was Clinton impeached? What was the original cause of the investigation of Clinton? Were these two things related?
7. How did the Clinton administration actually seem to be a continuation of the Reagan-Bush era, and why?
8. What was the controversy regarding the election of George W. Bush in 2000? How was it resolved?
9. Why did we invade Afghanistan? Who were the Taliban?
10. Why did we invade Iraq? What impact did the invasion of Iraq have on completing the mission in Afghanistan?

Now, especially given the events of the last few days and months, I want you to research online the following topics and write a 50 WORD summary of each. In each of these, please explain their connection to events in the last several months as well as their history.

11. In order to understand the information about the alleged Boston Marathon bombers, look up the Russian conflict in Chechnya. Here is a good place to start: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3293441.stm
12. During the Clinton administration there were two policies/laws passed about social issues that are very important. So please provide an overview of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) and the “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” policy.
13. What was the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999? What did it do, and what is its relationship to the New Deal? What effects did the quiet repeal of this bill have?

Ch 40 questions

Due Monday, April 21.

Chapter 40 questions

1. What factors weakened Jimmy Carter in the election of 1980? What opposition did he face within his own party? In what areas did Carter eventually receive admiration after he left office?
2. What groups and causes made up the New Right Movement? How was this different from the Old Right? What are the main beliefs of neoconservatives (neocons)?
3. Contrast Ronald Reagan’s political beliefs with that of FDR, and explain why Reagan moved from his early support of the New Deal? What previous experience had Reagan had as a leader?
4. What were the main battles in the war over taxes in the late 1970s and 1980s? How did this influence Reagan’s two main domestic goals as president?
5. What foreign leader was Reagan’s most similar ally, and what characteristics did they share?
6. What is a “blue dog?”
7. What did supply-side theorists believe would be the specific results of Regan’s economic actions? What were the short-term (by 1982) and long-term effects of these policies?
8. What happened to the value of the dollar during the 1980s, and what impact did that have?
9. What first happened in the election of 1984? How many states did Reagan win in the electoral college vote?
10. What was “the focus of evil in the modern world?” Explain “glasnost” and perestroika.” How did Reagan’s stance toward this country specifically change during his second term?
11. What were the main components of the Iran-Contra scandal? What was revealed about Reagan’s management style by the investigation of this affair?
12. What happened to the federal deficit during the 1980s, and why? What specific impacts did this have?
13. What court decisions dealt with abortion and contraceptive care during the Reagan administration? What impact did each case have on the availability of abortion?
14. What types of industries had to receive government bailouts during the 1980s?
15. How did events in Poland help hasten the end of the USSR? What tensions flared up within former Communist republics in the late 1980s and early 1990s?
16. In what ways did the tactics and ideas of the 1960s New Left influence the 1980s New Right?
17. What do Michael Dukakis, Gary Hart, and Jesse Jackson all have in common?
18. How did President Bush (41) describe the hoped-for New World Order that he envisioned after the fall of the majority of the communist bloc?
19. How and why did the US get involved in a gulf war in 1991? What were the results of this war?
20. Why was the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court such a controversial issue? What eventually happened?

Chapter 38 questions- due Monday April 1

Chapter 38 Questions

1. How and why did Robert Kennedy clash with J. Edgar Hoover? What does this indicate about each man’s priorities for the FBI and the Justice Department?
2. What was different about Kennedy’s advisors, compared to previous presidents?
3. How did Kennedy try to stimulate the economy when he first took office? Why did he clash with business leaders? What step was taken in regard to tariffs?
4. Why was Kennedy unable to make more progress on social reform and civil rights legislation? What were the main points of the “New Frontier?”
5. Why did Kennedy state the goal of a manned mission to the moon?
6. Describe the basic characteristics of the doctrine of flexible response. What were the advantages and disadvantages of such a policy? What was the impetus for the suggestion of a policy of “peaceful coexistence?”
7. What happened to the American military presence in Vietnam during Kennedy’s administration, and why? Bullet point the main events and their significance.
8. Why and how did Kennedy reach out to Latin America? How successful was this policy? How was this related to what was going on in the late 1950s and early 1960s in Cuba?
9. What happened at the Bay of Pigs, and how was this related to the Cuban Missile Crisis? What response did Kennedy have in each instance?
10. How did Kennedy first attempt to deal with the civil rights movement? What role did Bobby Kennedy play in the administration’s response to crises over civil rights? What was the early relationship with Dr. King like?
11. How was the point of the Voter Education Project? How did events in Birmingham affect public opinion at home and abroad about the movement? How did this lead to the March on Washington? What was the point of this march and w was this event notable?
12. How and why was JFK assassinated? What then happened to cause continued theories about the assassination itself?
13. What was Lyndon Johnson’s background that indicated he might be better suited to persuade Congress to cooperate than Kennedy?
14. What were the main pieces of civil rights legislation passed under LBJ and their purposes? What was unusual about Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964? What constitutional amendment was passed on this issue?
15. How did the events in the Gulf of Tonkin change the American approach to the war in Vietnam? Why and when did the US adopt a strategy of large –scale aerial bombing in Vietnam, and what effect did this have?
16. What factors led voters to support LBJ in the presidential election of 1964? Who was the Republican nominee, and what policies did he propose?
17. What were the main components of the War on Poverty? What eventually were the main successes of the Great Society plan? What other policy prevented LBJ from truly being able to accomplish more of his goals?
18. What were the main educational and cultural agencies or programs created under LBJ, and what did they do? How did Johnson gain support for federal educational aid?
19. How did passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 change the goals of the civil rights movement? How did the Voting Rights Act of 1965 change politicians’ approach to voters?
20. How did immigration policy change under LBJ?
21. What was the focus of the Black Power movement? What differences existed between leaders in this movement and the old-school civil rights leadership?
22. Why did rioting break out in Watts in 1965? What was the difference in the goals, leaders, and methods used in the civil rights movement after the mid-1960s?
23. What was the center of congressional opposition to LBJ’s Vietnam policy?Why was the Tet Offensive a turning point both in Vietnam and in terms of public opinion of the war?
24. How did LBJ react to political opposition to his Vietnam policy both in Congress and among the American people?
25. What persuaded John to abandon his possible campaign for the presidency in 1968? What happened to Democratic attempts to nominate an anti-war candidate for president?
26. What happened at the 1968 Democratic national convention?
27. Who was assassinated in 1968? Where were there uprisings in 1968, and what were the causes?
28. What was George Wallace’s party affiliation and platform when he ran for president in 1968? What eventually happened to him?
29. Who was the Republican nominee for president in 1968? What was his platform, and what qualifications did he bring to the race?
30. Why did Americans become skeptical about authority and “the establishment” in the late 1960s? What did your book mean by “the three P’s” that explain cultural upheaval?

Chapter 39 Questions

Due Monday, April 8. THREE Presidents!!!

Chapter 39 Questions

1. Why did the postwar economic boom end in the 1970s? What impact did this have on government social program spending (and deficits) under both Johnson and Nixon? What did Nixon do to attempt to slow inflation?
2. What was the Nixon Doctrine, and what was its relationship with his stated plan of “Vietnamization?” Explain “Vietnamization” in your answer.
3. What was Nixon’s biggest asset as president? What were some of his biggest flaws?
4. What were the 4-5 major components of Nixon’s Vietnam policy (include secret actions)? What role did Henry Kissinger play?
5. What did many of the troops sent to Vietnam have in common, in terms of economic and social status?
6. In general and specifically, what were the effects of the 1970 decision to invade Cambodia? What military justification was there for the invasion?
7. What were some legal changes that happened as a result of the Vietnam War?
8. What were the Pentagon Papers and why were they such a sensation? What did they reveal?
9. What was “détente?” What was its purpose? What specific events demonstrated that the Nixon administration still maintain a strong policy of anticommunism during this period?
10. What were the particulars of the Griswold v. Connecticut decision? What “right” was loosely constructed from this decision? How was this right later expanded in the Roe v. Wade decision? What decision did the Warren Court make regarding the exercise of religion?
11. Explain the court decisions in this chapter that expanded defendants’ rights. What criticism did these decisions receive, specifically? How was Earl Warren’s court generally perceived?
12. What legislation did Nixon pass regarding social security? Explain the effect it actually had. What program did he enact to expand the pool of beneficiaries? What is the purpose of OSHA?
13. What is “affirmative action?” Describe the Philadelphia Plan. How did Nixon’s programs in this area contrast to those of Johnson’s?
14. Describe and name the environmental protection actions undertaken by the Nixon administration. Why did some businessmen oppose some of these programs?
15. How did Nixon actually expand the role of government in everyday lives?
16. In the election of 1972, what was Nixon’s “southern strategy?” What long-term consequences did this have? Who was Nixon’s opponent, and what kinds of people formed his base of support? Whom did he alienate within the Democratic party, and why?
17. Explain the context surrounding the end of American fighting in Vietnam in early 1973. What surprising development about the Vietnam area became public knowledge, and how did Nixon and Congress struggle over this specific issue? What impact did US policy have on Cambodia? What was the War Powers Act, and what did it repeal?
18. What were the major events that happened in the Middle East in 1973? How did these events impact the US?
19. What were the effects of the Watergate scandal? What illegal activities took place? How did Nixon try to hinder investigation of this matter, and how did he legally attempt to justify this?
20. What were the main foreign relations of Gerald Ford’s brief presidency? How did the Vietnam War officially end?
21. What one social movement actually remained active during the 1970s? Explain the major law that was passed to help this group receive equal treatment. What was the constitutional amendment that failed regarding this group, and why did it fail? Compare the motivations of the first and second waves of this movement.
22. Explain the court decisions that were made regarding school desegregation and college admissions.
23. Why was there a struggle over the Republican nomination for president in 1976? What had Ford done to encourage a challenge even though he was a sitting president? Who was the Democratic nominee? Why did he win?
24. What was the guiding principle of Carter’s foreign policy? What was his most enduring foreign policy achievement? Describe his biggest foreign policy challenge.
25. What did Carter believe to be the biggest economic challenge facing the US? What was happening to inflation? How did Carter respond, compared to Nixon and Ford (W.I.N.)?
26. What were some signs that the Cold War was thawing in the early 1970s? What happened to Cold War tensions under Carter, and why? What happened on efforts to limit nuclear weapons programs?

37 questions

Due Monday, March 31.

1. Name four specific general trends that reflected how the workplace and labor changed during the 1950s. Make sure you include women.
2. What is mass media, and how did its development in the 50s impact religion and culture in general? What criticisms were leveled at the culture by people like Riesman and Whyte?
3. Who were the Republican nominees for president and vice president in 1952? What controversies were attached to these candidates, and what was their platform? How did television impact politics?
4. Describe the strange career of Senator Joseph McCarthy in detail. How did he impact American culture and politics? How did Eisenhower feel about him, and what actions did Eisenhower take in response to McCarthy?
5. What was the specific impetus for African American agitation for their rights? What happened to early proponents such as Paul Robeson when they criticized Jim Crow laws?
6. What legal arguments were made regarding segregation up to the 1950s? What sociological arguments were made regarding the treatment of blacks in America?
7. What was the reasoning behind ending legal segregation in 1954? How was the NAACP involved? What is SNCC, and what tactics did they use?
8. How and why did protests break out in Montgomery, Alabama, at approximately the same time? How was the NAACP involved?
9. How did President Eisenhower initially respond to desegregation, and why? What eventually made him change his mind to intervene, and why?
10. What, specifically, was “dynamic conservatism?”
11. What social spending and public works programs did he promote, and why? What New Deal type programs did he criticize, and why?
12. How did Eisenhower try to impact military spending? Describe his specific program and explain how it would work?
13. How, when, and why did the US get involved in Vietnam? Explain the main characters’ roles.
14. What happened at Geneva in 1955?
15.Why DIDN’T the US get involved in the Hungarian Revolution, and what happened due to this inaction?
16. Contrast the US response in Vietnam with the response in Hungary. What role did John Foster Dulles play in both of these crises?
17. What escalated tension in the Middle East between the US and USSR, especially in Iran and Egypt? What role did the CIA play?
18. What was the formal doctrine developed for US containment policy in this region—name it and describe its main features.
19. What technological crisis developed in October, 1957? How did this end up impacting educational policy in the US? What government agencies were developed after this crisis?
20. Why, specifically, did relations with Latin America degenerate? List all the reasons.
21. How did aerial espionage efforts embarrass the US in 1960?
22. What factors contributed to the election of John F. Kennedy in 1960?
23. In what ways was post-World War II literature in the 1950s comparable to the post World War I literature? Name the main writers and their main works.
24. How did post-war affluence impact art and literature, especially music? How was sexual expression a vital part of music and advertisement (Elvis and Marilyn in particular)?
25. What were the main beliefs of the new “cult of domesticity?” How did Betty Friedan and other women fell about these beliefs?
26. Were the 1950s truly a time of “conformity?” Explain.

Chapter 36 questions

Due Monday, March 17.

Chapter 36 questions
1. What had happened to the power of unions during the war, and how did Congress attempt to address this? What did Americans fear might happen economically as the war ended?
2. What was the motivation and purpose of the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act? What was its other name? What specifically did it provide? What long term impact did it have? Explain whether it was good for America or not and why.
3. What specific steps did the Truman administration take to prevent an economic downturn? Explain the impact of each.
4. Which groups benefited most during the boom years of the 1950s (and 1960s)? What became the common economic aspirations of Americans during this time? What regions grew the most and which ones declined?
5. What were the SPECIFIC effects of the post war boom on family life? Make sure you are thorough. How did it affect child-rearing, mobility, etc. ? When did the baby boom peak?
6. What factors encouraged the growth of the suburbs, and what effect did this then have on urban areas? How did federal programs exacerbate this trend? What effect did this have on the poor and minority groups?
7. What was Harry Truman’s educational and employment background before becoming president? What personal traits made him a great president?
8. What were the reasons why the US wanted the USSR to get involved in the war against Japan by early 1945? Where, why and when did that change?
9. What were the main reasons for the deteriorating relationship between the US and the USSR at the end of the war and immediately thereafter? What decisions were made at the Yalta Conferences, and how do they indicate a failing relationship? What similarities did our two countries share, ideologically speaking?
10. How was the United Nations supposed to be better than the League of Nations? Explain and name its first successes. What was its first serious failure?
11. Why was Berlin a particular source of trouble among the Allies? What events in 1948 made this situation more tense?
12. Describe the early Cold War policy suggested by George F. Kennan. What assumptions was this based upon regarding the USSR? How, where, and why did the US first implement specific programs under this policy?
13. Describe the Marshall Plan. What was the reasoning used to justify this huge expense? What impact did it have? Why did Eastern Europe not participate?
14. What was the purpose of NATO? Why was this a precedent shattering program for the US? What was significant about Truman’s recognition of the Israel’s founding?
15. Compare and contrast the treatment of postwar Japan with that of Germany.
16. What was the first big crisis in Asia in the early postwar years? Explain who the main persons and groups involved were. How did this situation end up being used by the Republican party for political purposes?
17. Describe the various crises regarding domestic subversion and disloyalty during the early Cold War. How were both the House and the Senate involved? How did Truman attempt to respond to fears of Communist subversion within government?
18. What was the McCarran Act, and what did Truman think of it? What did the National Security Act do?
19. How did Senator Joe McCarthy’s “witch hunt” create hysteria in the US? What eventually unmasked him as a fraud? What happened to him in the end?
20. Why did the Democratic party split before the 1948 election? Describe the positions of the four candidates for president in 1948. Why was Thomas Dewey expected to win, and why didn’t he?
21. What did Truman name his domestic program, and what were its main features? Which of these were actually accomplished?
22. Explain the main features and impact of NSC-68. What assumptions did it make about US industrial capacity?
23. How and why did the US (and the UN) get involved in the Korean civil war?
24. Why did General Douglas MacArthur become frustrated about the tactics used in fighting the Korean War? What was the main source of disagreement with President Truman? What eventually happened to MacArthur? What effect did this have on Truman?

Chapter 35 Questions

Due Monday, March 10.

1. What fundamental strategic decision did FDR and the British make in August of 1941? (Be ready to discuss why you think this decision was made.)

2. What were the first great challenges faced by the US economically (on the home front)? How was inflation kept under control? In what specific ways was the level of support for the war different from that of World War I?

3. What was Executive Order 9066? What effects did it have, both during the war and in 1988? What did the Supreme Court eventually rule about it? Name the decision.

4. Discuss the examples of racism on p. 876-7. Why were the Japanese in particular targeted in such a manner?

5. Make a chart of each wartime agency, and its function and leadership. What happened to many New Deal programs due to the demands of the war?

6. How did American labor respond to the war? Name and describe the laws that were passed regarding labor during the war.

7. How, specifically, did the government try to encourage women to enter the workforce? What services were offered? What happened at the end of the war? How did women help in the military? Explain each group in which they participated.

8. Explain how African Americans participated in the war effort. What impact did prejudice still play in their lives? What was the purpose of the “Double V” campaign? How else did African Americans protest discrimination? How and why did African American population patterns shift, and how did technological innovations influence this?

9. What role did Native Americans play during the war, both at home and in uniform? What happened to Hispanics in Los Angeles?

10. How was WWII financed? (Remember the Disney cartoon on the blog!) What happened to the national debt?

11. Make a chart to show what was significant about the battles of Leyte Gulf, Midway, the Coral Sea, Bataan and Corregidor, and Guadalcanal, Marianas, Wake Island, Okinawa, and Guam (Make sure you put them in order!). Which one of these battle made it possible to bomb the Japanese home islands?

12. When was the pivotal victory in the war in the Pacific, and why did the Japanese fail? Explain the strategy of “island hopping” or “leapfrogging” used by the US against Japan. Why was this effective?

13.What tactics did Admiral Chester Nimitz use that were particularly successful? What US territories did the Japanese hold for at least part of the war, and when were they liberated?

14. What was Hitler hoping to achieve by his early use of the U-boat in the Battle of the Atlantic? When did that stop being effective, and why? This is not a code.

15. At what point had the Germans made their greatest advances, and where were they by then? When did bombing of German cities begin?

16. Why did the Soviets have such massively higher casualty totals than the Americans and British did up to 1943? What is the significance of the Battle of Stalingrad?

17. Where and when did the Americans and British first attack Hitler’s “Fortress Europe” to open up a second front, and why was that location chosen? Who were the main commanders of this Operation, which strangely your book does not name ? When did the Axis powers surrender in this area, and when?

18.When and why did Italy surrender, and how did Germany respond?

19. Why was the demand for “unconditional surrender” controversial? Did it eventually have any positive consequences?

20. Why was a REAL second front not opened in Europe until 1944? When had Roosevelt originally promised this would happen?

21. Describe the size, scope, and commanders involved in the operation that finally did open the second front.

22. Give the dates and describe the major participants and topics of each of the wartime conferences that happened among the Allies.

23. Why was the choice of the Democratic candidate for vice president so important in 1944? Why was FDR called the “forgotten man” at the Democratic convention? What were the main points of argument between the two parties?

24. What was Hitler’s last desperate gamble to stop the Allied advance, and what happened? What did US troops discover once they crossed the Rhine river?

25. What happened to Hitler during his last days? What happened to FDR just days earlier? What impact do you think these two events had? When was V-E day?

26. How did submarines and bombers eventually bring Japan to its knees? Why was firebombing so effective, and how did it compare to the later atomic attacks in terms of destruction?

27. When did MacArthur finally fulfill his promise to the Filipino people? How did the Japanese navy try to stop MacArthur? Why did the reconquering of the Philippines take so long?

28. Analyze the desperation and tactics of the battles in the Pacific and how they changed the closer the US troops pushed toward the Japanese mainland.

29. How much did the Manhattan project cost, and how did refugees from Hitler help America gain this new technology? What fear justified this expense?

30. What were the long-term consequences of the USSR joining the war against Japan on August 8, 1945?

31. Explain the terms and conditions of the Japanese surrender.

32. What are the basic points of disagreement over the question of whether the use of atomic weapons in WWII was justified?