Archive for the ‘Gilded Age’ Category

Overview of the Administration of Chester Arthur

From the White House site. These are really good reviews for semester finals and AP exams, as well, and I will be using several this chapter given that there are so many presidents discussed.

Here is the one for Chester Arthur, the fourth president mentioned in chapter 23 (who took over after Garfield was assassinated:

Overview of the Administration of Grover Cleveland (part 1 and 2)

From the White House site. These are really good reviews for semester finals and AP exams, as well, and I will be using several this chapter given that there are so many presidents discussed.

Here is the one for Grover Cleveland, who was both the fifth and seventh president to be discussed in chapter 23.

Here is the link for his first administration:

Here is the link for his second term in office:

Overview of Benjamin Harrison’s Administration

From the White House site. These are really good reviews for semester finals and AP exams, as well, and I will be using several this chapter given that there are so many presidents discussed.

Here is the one for Benjamin Harrison, the sixth president to be discussed in chapter 23:

Womens’ Suffrage Meeting in St. Louis in 1872

This was in the Post-Dispatch a couple of weeks ago. It gives a great overview of the argument in the women’s movement over the 15th Amendment:

Review of Reconstruction period

Mr. Wallace explains it all about the period of Reconstruction and the Gilded Age!

Chapter 24 questions

Be sure you answer these thoroughly and thoughtfully for your own benefit. Due Monday, December 13.

Questions Chapter 24

1. Let’s do a little math, in the spirit of NCLB: By what percentge did the amount of railroad track in the US increase between 1865 and 1900? What was the ratio of acres granted by the federal government to the miles of track laid? What conclusions can you draw from these two figures?
2. How did the railroads manage to hog more land than that to which they were actually entitled? What did the government get in return for this? Outline the debate over whether this was justified.
3. How did the Civil War influence railroad construction? What was the difference between the way that the transcontinental railroad was financed versus the previous explanation on pp. 530-531?
4. Read carefully and think: Why was the Union Pacific Railroad generally paid less per mile of construction than the Central Pacific? Who laid the most miles of track, and why? What was the difference in the laborers primarily used by the 2 companies?
5. By 1895, how many transcontinental railroads were there? Ordering them from north to south, name them and their date of completion. Why was investing in railroad construction a risky proposition?
6. What technological advances were derived from the railroads? What other industries benefitted from the growth of the railroads?
7. How did railroads both encourage urban growth and the settling of the Great Plains?
8. What corrupt practices did railroads engage in, and why couldn’t they be stopped?
9. Was the Gilded Age TRULY a time of “laissez-faire?” Explain.
10. Page 538 labels this period “the second American industrial revolution.” When was the first? What advances revolutionized American industry during this second phase?
11. Describe and contrast the two methods developed by Carnegie and Rockefeller to maximize profits and control.
12. What factors led to America becoming the dominant steel producer in the late 19th and early 20th centuries? What city was the center of steel production(and how did that eventually influence professional football)?
13. How was the United States Steel Corporation created?
14. How did trusts work? What industries were dominated by trusts?
15. How did some religious and business leaders justify the amassing of so much wealth by tycoons? What then was the logical implication for those who were poor?
16. How did the 14th Amendment help corporations based on the late 19th century interpretation of it?
17. What was the difference between “good” and “bad” trusts? What two laws attempted to weaken trusts, and why weren’t they effective?
18. Why didn’t the South benefit as much as the North from the industrial development of the late 19th century?
19. What factors worked against the growth of unions in the late 19th century? Be thorough in your answer.
20. How did Samuel Gompers design the AF of L to succeed in ways that previous unions had not?
21. In what ways was the economic and business situation described in this chapter similar to today’s economic climate?
22. Thomas Jefferson and others of our founders warned that those who worked for wages would be nothing but “wage slaves.” Evaluate the accuracy of this belief based on conditions in the late 19th century.

Chapter 23 Outlines

Outline Notes Chapter 23

This will be due Tuesday, December 7!!!!!

I. How is Grant assessed as a president?
—–A. Why did he receive so much support for so long?
———-Gratitude toward him for CW, GAR, straight party tickets
—–B. “Grantism” means corruption in the Era of Good Stealings—explain each one of these:
———-Credit Mobilier, Whiskey Ring, Belknap
—–C. Why was the country giving up on Reconstruction?

II. “All politics is local…” Reformers battle political machines
—–A. Era of Good Stealings- what did that mean?
—–B. Boss Tweed
———-His crimes, the price voters paid, Thomas Nast, and Samuel “Whispering Sammy” Tilden
—–C. George Washington Plunkitt’s philosophy of ethics
—–D. The Liberal Republicans arise to clean up the mess
———-What did they want? What was the “conclave of cranks?”
—–E. Horace Greeley
———-Who was he? Whose nominee was he? Why did he get vilified?
—–F. What does “The Gilded Age” mean?
———-Mark Twain
—–G. “Stalwarts” versus “Half-Breeds”
———-Conkling, Blaine, and what each stood for
———-How is this struggle related to political machines and corruption?
———-How does this struggle eventually cause the death of a president?
—–H. Hayes-Tilden clash for the presidency
———-Importance of Ohio, popular vote
———-Electoral vote misdeeds (Florida, LA and SC all have what in common?)
—–I. The Compromise of 1877
———-Electoral Count Act, Justice Davis
———-Democrat- Republican dealmaking

III. Financial Collapses
—–A. Fisk, Gould and gold
—–B. Jay Cooke
—–C. Freedmen’s Saving and Trust Company
—–D. Inflationary policies—you’ll need to explain these
———-Inflation during the war and after the war
———-Cheap money, hard money, gold versus silver
———-Crime of ’73
———-Resumption Act of 1875
———-Bland –Allison Act
—–E. How does this monetary unrest lead to the founding of the Greenback Labor Party?

IV. The Reign of “The Forgettable Presidents”
—–A. End of Reconstruction and Hayes
———-Civil Rights Act of 1875, Civil Rights Cases (1883) and its effects
———-tactics used to disenfranchise black voters
———-Jim Crow laws
———-lynching (see chart p. 522)
———-Plessy v. Ferguson
———-When was the “second Reconstruction,” and why was it necessary?
—–B. Population changes cause unrest
———-Great RR strike 1877
———-Chinese workers
———-nativist Kearneyites
—–C. “The Canal Boy” and the “Prince:” Garfield and Arthur
———-Why is Ohio still important?
———-Garfield’s choice of Arthur as a running mate
———-Civil Service reform
—–D. The Pendleton Act and its significance
———-Republican party and reform—oxymorons?
—–E. “Grover the Good”- Dems take over
———-Why do the Dems take over?
———-How does the Democratic party start becoming a national party again? The 3 Rs…
———-Struggling with the Pension Bureau: the power of the GAR
———-Ending the Treasury surplus—tariffs
———-Dawes Act aims to tie down the Indians
———-Interstate Commerce Act—why is it important?
———-Fraud in the election of 1888