Archive for the ‘Multiple choice practice’ Category

MC practice 7

1. In 1763, a definite shift occurred in British-colonial relations when _________ assumed control of colonial policy.                      (129,d)
A. Charles Townsend
B. Lord North
C. George Grenville
D. William Pitt
E. King George III

2. Under mercantilist doctrine, British currency policies enforced in the colonies were intended to primarily benefit            (128,d)
A. backwoods farmers.
B. British merchants.
C. Virginia tobacco planters.
D. the British Crown.
E. New England merchants.

3. The Navigation Acts, as written, aroused colonial resentment because they  (128,d)
A. prevented the colonists from developing a mature, self-sustaining economy.
B. forced the South to adopt a single crop as the basis for their economy.
C. favored the northern colonies at the expense of the southern colonies.
D. forced the American colonists to engage in economic activity which was not profitable.
E. all of the above.

4. The “radical whigs” were most opposed to, and feared,           (127)
A. republicanism
B. a written constitution
C. a too powerful parliament
D. too much democracy
E. the arbitrary power of the monarchy

5. The British Crown’s (officially the King, but actually often the Prime Minister acting on the King’s behalf) right to use the royal veto over colonial legislation        (128)
A. was opposed by many members of the British Parliament.
B. prohibited colonists from participating in the Atlantic slave trade.
C. was used sparingly by the British government.
D. was used frequently to overturn laws passed in colonial assemblies.
E. was what finally provoked the War of Independence.

6. The first Navigation Laws were specifically designed to          (128, b)
A. encourage the American colonies to experiment with growing new crops.
B. enable the colonists to maximize the profits they could earn through the sale of their trade goods.
C. foster a colonial economy that could offer healthy competition with Britain’s economy.
D. eliminate Dutch shippers from the American carrying trade.
E. support the mapping of Atlantic trade routes.

7. Before 1763, the Navigation Laws          (128, d,b)
A.  were loosely or rarely enforced in the American colonies.
B. were stringently enforced in Britain’s Indian colonies.
C. were aggressively enforced in the American colonies.
D. were more detrimental to the British mainland rather than the colonies.
E. were effective at putting American smugglers out of business.

8. The first law ever passed by Parliament  for raising tax revenues in the colonies was       (129,d)
A. Stamp Act
B. Townshend Act
C. Quartering Act
D. Declaratory Act
E. Sugar Act

9. All of these were benefits Americans gained from mercantilism before 1763 EXCEPT     (128, d)
A. the protection of the greatest navy and army in the world without any cost to the colonists.
B.  Americans were allowed to trade freely with other countries on the open market.
C. some British merchants were not allowed to compete with Colonial merchants, giving the Americans a virtual monopoly.
D. Virginia tobacco planters enjoyed a monopoly of the British market.
E. London paid high prices for ship parts made by colonial shipbuilders.

10. Mercantilists believed that        (127,d)
A. power came from a small but concentrated colonial empire.
B. the mother country produced raw materials and the colonies produced the finished good.
C. a mother country needed to import more than export.
D. a country’s power was determined by the amount of gold and silver in its treasury.
E. colonies were a drain on the mother country and should be curtailed.

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MC practice 1865-2000

1. The first federal agency which sought to improve the welfare of vulnerable citizens was
A. the Reconstruction Finance Corporation
B. the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands
C. the Bureau of Indian Affairs
D. the Federal Emergency Relief Administration
E. the department of Health, Education, and Welfare

2. The 15th Amendment, ratified in 1870, was finally enforced by
A. the Civil Rights Act of 1964
B. the Equal Rights Amendment
C. the Volstead Act
D. the Voting Rights Act of 1965
E. the Wagner Act

3. The chief figure in the Teapot Dome scandal was
A. Albert Fall
B. Harry Daugherty
C. J. Frank Norris
D. Calvin Coolidge
E. Gifford Pinchot

4. Pres. McKinley asked for a declaration of war upon Spain because the
A. business community favored the conflict.
B. Spanish government had insulted him.
C. US had wanted to acquire Cuba for decades, and this would enable that to happen.
D. American people, fanned by the claims of yellow journalists, demanded it.
E. Teller Amendment had been passed.

5. The word “Balkanization” was coined from the disintegration of the country of
A. Balkanistan.
B. Albania.
C. Greece.
D. Yugoslavia.
E. Somalia.

6. The Filipino who led the rebellion against Spanish, American and Japanese occupation was
A. Valeriano Weyler.
B. Pasqual de Cerveza.
C. Dupuy de Lome.
D. Emilio Aguinaldo.
E. Ramon Macapagal.

7. The US gained a perpetual lease on the Panama Canal Zone in the
A. Hay- Bunau- Varilla Treaty.
B. Hay-Pauncefote Treaty.
C. Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
D. Gentlemen’s Agreement.
E. Teller Amendment.

8. The Supreme Court’s “rule of reason” was a doctrine that stated that
A. businesses formed individual contracts with each employee.
B. socialists and anarchists could be jailed for their political speech.
C. the protections of the Constitution “followed the flag.”
D. only business combinations that “unreasonably” restricted trade were illegal.
E. the federal government’s attempts to impose an income tax were unconstitutional.

9. During Reagan’s presidency, US troops invaded
A. Grenada.
B. Nicaragua.
C. Panama.
D. Cuba.
E. El Salvador

10. Which year marked the high point for both Germany and Japan in World War II?
A. 1939
B. 1940
C. 1942
D. 1943
E. 1944

11. His chase of Alger Hiss as a suspected communist vaulted him into national prominence (and higher political office) as a member of HUAC. Who is he?
A. Joseph McCarthy
B. Richard Nixon
C. Whittaker Chambers
D. John F. Kennedy
E. Lyndon Johnson

12. After this battle, the French decided to pull out of Vietnam.
A. Tet Offensive
B. Khe Sahn
C. Hamburger Hill
D. Pusan Offensive
E. Dien Bien Phu

13. Practices such as buying on margin, speculation, and banks buying stocks
A. increased the overall prosperity in the US economy.
B. enabled the poor to gain more wealth.
C. led to increased volatility and instability in the stock market.
D. ensured that stock prices remained high.
E. led to a decrease in the number of stocks changing hands.

14. Carrie Nation was associated most strongly with the issue of
A. women’s suffrage.
B. prohibition.
C. the settlement house movement.
D. women’s labor laws.
E. passage of the 14th Amendment.

15. Sen. Joseph McCarthy denounced this war hero and ex-secretary of state under Truman for engaging in a conspiracy to cover up Communist subversion in the State Department.
A. Dwight Eisenhower
B. George Marshall
C. George Patton
D. John Bricker
E. Audie Murphy

16. Who warned that the working class would bear the brunt of the dying and would only become “cannon fodder” as part of American forces in World War I?
A. Woodrow Wilson
B. Henry Cabot Lodge
C. W. E. B. Du Bois
D. Robert La Follette
E. Eugene V. Debs

17. Booker T. Washington advocated which course of action to increase the rights of African Americans?
A. specialized training to demonstrate African Americans’ contributions to society and the economy
B. rigorous academic training to prove the intellectual capacity of African Americans compared to whites
C. the rejection of accomodationist attitudes as a betrayal of the black race
D. to directly challenge white supremacy immediately and without compromise
E. an emphasis on liberal arts colleges that admitted blacks

18. “General” Jacob Coxey and his “army” marched on Washington, D.C. to
A. demand a larger military budget.
B. protest the Sherman Silver Purchase Act.
C. attempt to take over the War Department.
D. stir up considerable disorder in an attempted coup.
E. demand that the government relieve unemployment with a public works program.

Which party, whose members chose J. Strom Thurmond as its presidential candidate, was formed after the Democratic party added a civil rights plank to its platform in 1948?
A. States’ Rights Party
B. New Progressive Party
C. Liberty Party
D. Separate but Equal Party
E. White Citizens’ Party

19. One unusual and significant characteristic of the coal strike in 1902 was that
A. the union was officially recognized as the legal bargaining agent for the miners.
B. for a time the mines were seized by the national government and operated by federal troops.
C. the national government did not automatically side with the owners of the mines.
D. the owners quickly agreed to negotiate with labor representatives.
E. for the first time, the Supreme Court ruled the owners’ actions unconstitutional.

20. The American Protective Association
A. preached the social gospel that churches were obligated to help the New Immigrants
B. was led for many years by Jane Addams and Florence Kelley
C. sought to encourage mutual-aid associations
D. established settlement houses in major cities
E. supported immigration restrictions

21. Which work of literature was written in response to the “red scare” known as McCarthyism, and also gave the red scare its other nickname?
A. Death of a Salesman
B. Springtime for Hitler
C. Leave it to Beaver
D. The Grapes of Wrath
E. The Crucible

22. During the Second World War, much of Tokyo was destroyed by
A. an atomic bomb in a nearby suburb.
B. incendiary bombing with napalm.
C. shelling from US ships offshore.
D. looting by the Japanese people.
E. an earthquake and tsunami that struck in late 1944.

23. The public library movement across America was greatly aided by financial support from
A. the Morrill Act
B. Andrew Carnegie
C. John D. Rockefeller
D. women’s organizations
E. Johns Hopkins

24. In the 1908 Supreme Court decision of Muller v. Oregon the Supreme Court ruled that
A. sanitation codes were legal.
B. workingmen’s compensation was legal.
C. laws protecting female workers were legal.
D. antiliquor laws were constitutional.
E. antitrust laws were constitutional.

25. The US gained a virtual right of intervention in an “independent” Cuba in the
A. Insular Cases.
B. Foraker Act.
C. Teller Amendment.
D. Platt Amendment.
E. Guantanamo Bay Treaty.

26. The first shots in the Spanish-American War took place in the Philippines because
A. it was considered to be the weakest spot in the Spanish Empire.
B. that’s where Spanish saboteurs were believed to have sunk the USS Maine.
C. the new American steel fleet was nearby in Hong Kong when war was declared.
D. the Spanish treatment of the Filipinos was considered to be most brutal there.
E. that’s where American business interests were the most threatened.

27. Progressives adhered to all of the following goals EXCEPT
A. promoting economic and social justice.
B. using laws to promote morality.
C. limiting the role of the federal government.
D. the regulation of business practices.
E. expanding democracy.

28. The constitutionality of the internment of Japanese-Americans was upheld in the case of
A. Gong Lum v. California.
B. Suzuki v. US.
C. Korematsu v. US.
D. Wheeler v. Roosevelt.
E. Kurosawa v. White.

29. The “Star Wars” program altered the decades-long conventional thinking about nuclear weapons because it
A. called for a preemptive first strike when nuclear war was likely.
B. proposed massive retaliation against Soviet cities in the event of nuclear war.
C. emphasized defense against nuclear attack as the most effective form of nuclear capability.
D. effectively reduced the cost of the nuclear arms race.
E. offered to provide nuclear capability to countries that promised to oppose the USSR.

30. The Truman Doctrine was formulated in response to a possible communist take-over in
A. Berlin
B. Czechoslovakia
C. Cuba
D. Greece and Turkey
E. Iran

31. As a result of the Battle of Leyte Gulf,
A. Japan stalled an Allied victory.
B. Admiral “Bull” Halsey suffered his first loss.
C. Japan was nearly able to take Australia.
D. the US could bomb Japan from Hawai’i.
E. Japan was finished as a naval power.

32. The _________________ set out to limit the spread of vice and specifically outlawed the mailing of “obscene” material through the mail.
A. Connecticut Blue Laws
B. Pendleton Act
C. Comstock Laws
D. Workingman’s Act
E. Burlington Act

33. The 1955 Geneva Conference
A. unified the two Vietnams.
B. made Ngo Dinh Diem president of Vietnam.
C. called for two Vietnams to hold national elections within two years.
D. created the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.
E. established the permanent division of Vietnam.

34. President Truman risked US access to Middle Eastern oil supplies when he
A. recognized the new Jewish state of Israel.
B. refused to support the Saudi monarchy.
C. sent US military forces into Lebanon.
D. allowed the CIA to stage a coup in Iran.
E. supported British control over the Suez canal.

35. In 1956, when Hungary revolted against continued domination by the USSR, the US under President Eisenhower
A. sent money to the rebels.
B. did nothing to help defeat the communists.
C. refused to admit any Hungarian refugees.
D. gave only outdated military equipment to the freedom fighters.
E. threatened to end food shipments to the USSR if it intervened.

36. World War I had what effect on civil liberties in America?
A. They were threatened by President Wilson, but protected by the courts.
B. They were severely limited due to pressures for loyalty and conformity.
C. Most restricted along the Eastern seaboard due to fears of German submarine attacks.
D. They were most severely limited for those whose ethnic heritage was from one of the enemy countries.
E. They were greatly expanded since we sought to show that we were fighting to expand democracy.

37. This was a group of 14 Republican senators who absolutely refused to support any aspect of the League of Nations.
A. the irreconcilables
B. the obstructionists
C. the irreparables
D. the reservationists
E. the loyalists

38. The Pension Act of 1890 was an attempt to secure the votes of
A. former government employees.
B. Union army veterans.
C. Northern industrialists.
D. Western farmers.
E. industrial workers.

39. The only transcontinental railroad built without government aid was the
A. New York Central.
B. Northern Pacific.
C. Union Pacific.
D. Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe.
E. Great Northern.

40. The Boland amendment
A. prevented the executive branch from funding the Nicaraguan rebels.
B. called for a special prosecutor to investigate impropriety in the executive branch.
C. mandated a balanced federal budget by 1991.
D. forbade any negotiations with terrorists holding Americans hostage.
E. mandated increased military spending in an effort to drive the USSR into oblivion.

Review MC for the period 1800-1850

1. Which president’s administration is most associated with the Era of Good Feelings?
A. Thomas Jefferson
B. Andrew Jackson
C. James Monroe
D. Martin van Buren
E. John Quincy Adams

2. Which of the following Supreme Court decisions held that Congress had the right to establish a bank under the “necessary and proper” clause?
A. Plessy v. Ferguson
B. Schenck v. United States
C. Gibbons v. Ogden
D. McCulloch v. Maryland
E. Marbury v. Madison

3. The main architect of the Missouri compromise was
A. Henry Clay
B. Daniel Webster
C. Thomas Hart Benton
D. John C. Calhoun
E. Stephen Douglas

4. Which of the following is NOT associated with the “American System?”
A. Henry Clay
B. the Second Bank of the United States
C. bonuses for new industries
D. federally funded internal improvements
E. a protective tariff (also for revenue)

5. Which of the following statements about the Treaty of Ghent was NOT TRUE?
A. The signatories were the United States and Britain.
B. It did not address freedom of the seas.
C. It failed to address British impressment policy.
D. It settled the border disputes involving the Louisiana Territory.
E. It ended the War of 1812.

6. As chief justice, John Marshall helped ensure that
A. Aaron Burr was convicted of treason.
B. the political and economic systems were based on a strong central government.
C. states’ rights were protected.
D. both the Supreme Court and the president could declare a law unconstitutional.
E. the programs of Alexander Hamilton were overturned.

7. The delegates of the Hartford Convention adopted resolutions that included a call for
A. a separate peace treaty between New England and the British.
B. South Carolina’s secession from the Union.
C. war with England on the basis of interference with merchant shipping.
D. the dissolution of the Federalist party on the grounds of collaboration with the enemy.
E. a Constitutional amendment requiring a two-thirds vote in Congress before war was declared.

8. The Adams- Onis Treaty of 1819 gave the United States
A. California
B. Oregon
C. Florida
D. a defined border for Texas
E. a defined border with Mexico

9. The main point of contention in the Webster-Hayne debate of 1830 was
A. reform of the spoils system.
B. state nullification of federal laws.
C. the settlement of Missouri as a slave state.
D. the morality of slavery.
E. presidential veto power.

10. The leaders of New England states opposed the American System’s federally constructed roads because
A. canals were a superior method of transportation.
B. the Democratic-Republicans favored them.
C. they cost too much.
D. they were poorly constructed.
E. they would drain away needed population to the West.

11. Macon’s Bill No. 2
A. repealed the Embargo Act of 1807.
B. forbade American ships from leaving port for any destination whatsoever, including other American ports.
C. forbade American trade with Britain and France but offered to open trade with either country if they would declare a ceasefire in their war.
D. permitted trade with all nations but promised that is either Britain or France lifted its restrictions on American trade, the US would stop trading with the other.
E. halted trade with Britain.

12. The accomplishments of Lewis and Clark’s expedition included all of the following EXCEPT
A. treaties with several Indian nations.
B. knowledge of the Indians of the region.
C. a rich harvest of scientific information.
D. maps.
E. hair-raising adventure stories.

13. Groups which tended to support the Whig party included all of the following EXCEPT
A. many evangelical Protestants.
B. backers of southern states’ rights.
C. opponents of public education.
D. backers of the American System.
E. large northern industrialists.

14. Which of the following was NOT a provision of the original Monroe Doctrine?
A. The United States would use military intervention in the Americas if needed.
B. The United States would not intervene in European wars and conflicts.
C. European intervention in the Americas would be viewed as a threat to American security.
D. The Americas were politically different from Europe.
E. The Western Hemisphere was closed to further European colonization.

15. Which of the following was a roadblock to the admission of Texas to the Union after it proclaimed independence in 1836?
A. disagreement over the location of its southern boundary
B. its aggressive Native American population
C. the influential presence of the Catholic Church in its boundaries
D. racial opposition from nativists to adding a sizeable number of Tejanos
E. the intent to permit slavery in Texas

16. “The major problems of this country are the result of too many immigrants and the corrupt influence of the Papists…. Immigrants should be required to live in the United States before being allowed to vote.”
The quote above is representative of the views of which 19th century political party?
A. Know-Nothing party
B. Whig Party
C. Republican Party
D. Free Soil Party
E. Populist Party

17. Which writer is most associated with the “positive good” argument regarding slavery?
A. Henry Clay
B. George Fitzhugh
C. Stephen Douglas
D. Thaddeus Stevens
E. Frederick Douglass

18. The creation of the “market economy” in the 1820s refers to the rise of
A. cash crop agriculture
B. American factories
C. the Second Bank of the United States
D. the New England textile industry
E. subsistence agriculture

19. “John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it.” This statement was purportedly made by Andrew Jackson in reference to which Supreme Court case?
A. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
B. Scott v. Sanford
C. Gibbons v. Ogden
D. Marbury v. Madison
E. the treason trial of Aaron Burr

20. Which of the following was not a feature of life in pre-Civil War cities?
A. increasing population
B. increasing crime
C. extensive sewer systems
D. growth of slums
E. rapidly rising death rates

Practice for semester 1 final

_____l. The Stamp Act was intended primarily to
(a) reduce the authority of the colonial legislatures.
(b) reduce colonial consumption of foreign goods.
(c) raise revenues to support British troops stationed in America.
(d) impose a mercantilist system on the colonies.
(e) fund the colonial postal system.

_____2. Which of the following was correctly pairs the settlement with the leader most associated with it?
(a) Savannah- John Smith
(b) Philadelphia – James Oglethorpe
(c) Jamestown – William Penn
(d) Hartford – Roger Williams
(e) Plymouth – William Bradford

_____3. This case was important in establishing a very early right of the freedom of the press in what would later be America.
(a) the Plessy case
(b) the Dred Scott case
(c) the Marbury case
(d) the Zenger case
(e) the Guitar case

_____4. The Hartford Convention of 1815
(a) rejected the Treaty of Ghent.
(b) supported another invasion of Canada.
(c) nominated Democratic candidates for president.
(d) led to the death of the Federalist party.
(e) called for repeal of the Alien and Sedition Acts.

_____5. Which of the following does NOT accurately describe part of the Missouri Compromise of l820?
(a) It created the free state of Maine from territory that belonged to Massachusetts.
(b) It provided a method for counting slaves among state populations when determining the size of the states’ Congressional delegations.
(c) It attempted to create a geographical border for the exclusion of slavery in the Louisiana Territory
(d) One of its purposes was to maintain the equal representation of free states and slave states in the Senate.
(e) It allowed Missouri to be admitted to the Union as a slave state.

_____6. A “Separatist,” in the 17th century, was a person who
(a) left the Massachusetts Bay colony for religious freedom in Rhode Island.
(b) had served his apprenticeship.
(c) left England to seek economic gain in the New World.
(d) earned his freedom after working for another person for four to seven years.
(e) wished to break away from the impure Church of England.

_____7. Which political leader endorsed the philosophy that the political and social future of the United States would be more secure if the United States emphasized industry and manufacturing instead of agriculture?
(a) Thomas Jefferson
(b) Alexander Hamilton
(c) Henry Clay
(d) Daniel Webster
(e) Eugene V. Debs

_____8. What was the largest single territorial acquisition after independence?
(a) Louisiana Purchase
(b) Florida Purchase
(c) Gadsden Purchase
(d) Oregon Country
(e) Mexican Cession

_____9. The Northwest Ordinance applied to
(a) the Louisiana Purchase
(b) Maine and Vermont
(c) the Oregon country
(d) the Ohio Country
(e) the Mexican Cession

_____10. The Republican response to the 1798 Alien and Sedition Acts included
(a) South Carolina’s nullification of the acts.
(b) the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions.
(c) the Hartford Convention.
(d) the Ostend Manifesto.
(e) the Mulligan Letters.

_____11. All of the following were provisions of the Compromise of 1850 EXCEPT
(a) establishment of Utah and New Mexico as territories with squatter sovereignty.
(b) a strict fugitive slave law.
(c) the opening of the slave trade in Washington, D.C.
(d) the redrawing of the Texas boundary.
(e) admittance of California into the union as a free state.

_____12. The “First Great Awakening” can be seen as a direct response to which of the following?
(a) existentialism
(b) post-modernism
(c) Puritanism
(d) Transcendentalism
(e) the Enlightenment

_____13. The doctrine of nullification stated that
(a) legal immigrants may be deported when they fall into a state of destitution.
(b) Congress may override an executive order with a two-thirds majority vote.
(c) the government may take control of a bank if its cash reserves fall below a certain percentage of its total deposits.
(d) municipal and county governments may rescind licenses granted by the state.
(e) a state may repeal any federal law that it deems unconstitutional.

_____14. The Monroe Doctrine stated that the United States had legitimate reason to fear European intervention in the Western Hemisphere because
(a) Europe’s forms of government were fundamentally different from those of the United States and newly liberated South American countries.
(b) the overpopulation of Europe made future incursions in the New World a real possibility.
(c) the United States anticipated reprisals for its frequent interference in European affairs.
(d) Europe’s militaries were considerably more powerful than was the United States’.
(e) the United States ultimately intended to annex lands in the Western Hemisphere.

_____15. A major weakness of the Articles of Confederation was that the Articles
(a) created a too-powerful chief executive.
(b) did not include a mechanism for their own amendment.
(c) made it too difficult for the government to raise money through taxes and duties.
(d) denied the federal government the power to mediate disputes between states.
(e) required the ratification of only a simple majority of states.

_____16. The situation described as “Bleeding Kansas” developed as a result of
(a) the provision for popular sovereignty to determine its free-soil status.
(b) the massacre of Union soldiers at Fort Leavenworth at the start of the Civil War.
(c) the violent dispossession of the state’s Native American population.
(d) a war between Gentiles and Mormons along the Mormon trail.
(e) an epidemic of hemorragic fever that was spread from cattle to humans.

_____17. Which best explains the rise of political parties in the 1790s?
(a) Hamilton’s and Jefferson’s personal dislike for one another.
(b) a continuation of the Loyalists-Revolutionaries split of the Revolutionary War era
(c) a continuation of the division for and against (the Antifederalists) and ratification of the Constitution
(d) the desire of Washington for two distinct viewpoints on policy issues so that he could evaluate the issues to select the better course of action
(e) differing ideology and viewpoints accented by disagreements over the establishment of a national bank; the payment of the foreign, nation, and state debts; our foreign policies, and the Alien and Sedition Acts

_____18. All of the following contributed to the coming of the War of 1812 EXCEPT
(a) the Chesapeake-Leopard Incident.
(b) British impressment of American seamen from American ships on the high seas.
(c) the concerns of Western Americans that the Indian raids they suffered were being carried out with British encouragement.
(d) the Congressional “War Hawks” desire to annex Canada.
(e) the armed confrontation between US and British forces along the Maine-Canada border.

_____19. In the 1790s political conflict between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton, Jefferson would have been more likely to
(a) favor the establishment of a national bank.
(b) favor Britain over France in the European wars.
(c) win the cooperation of presidents George Washington and John Adams.
(d) take a narrow view of the Constitution.
(e) oppose the efforts of Citizen Genet in America.

_____20. The Removal of the Cherokee Indians from Georgia pushed westward an Indian nation that attempted to assimilate into white culture. In which of the following were the Cherokees the LEAST successful in assimilating into white culture?
(a) adopting white agriculture methods
(b) establishing a government based on a written constitution
(c) adopting white religions
(d) owning black slaves
(e) adopting white patterns of land ownership

MC AP Exam May 2-3

You will do an AP MC exam May 2 or 3, depending upon your class period. This will be over the entire 41 chapters we have covered this year, so you need to study!!!!!

Practice Questions Chapters 14-16

1. By 1860, slaves were concentrated in the “black belt” located in the
A. border states of Kentucky, Missouri, and Maryland.
B. Deep South states of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana.
C. old South states of Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina.
D. new Southwest states of Texas, Arkansas, and Indian Territory.
E. mountain regions of Tennessee, West Virginia, and Kentucky.

2. In the 1790s a major transportation project linking the East to the trans-Allegheny West was the
A. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
B. National (Cumberland Road)
C. Erie Canal.
D. St Lawrence Seaway.
E. Lancaster Turnpike.

3. This innovation in corporate law encouraged investment and protected investors from huge losses.
A. limited liability
B. patent law
C. Marbury v. Madison
D. windfall profits taxes
E. habeas corpus

4. This women’s rights activist also was involved heavily in the abolition movement, due to her Quaker faith.
A. Harriet Tubman
B. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
C. Emily Dickinson
D. Lucretia Mott
E. Mary Lyon

5. Ralph Waldo Emerson’s “intellectual declaration of independence” was his
A. “The American Scholar” address at Harvard in 1837.
B. “On the Duty of Civil Disobedience” essay in 1849.
C. “Self-Reliance” essay in 1830
D. “Nature” essay in 1836.
E. “Leaves of Grass” poetry collection in 1855.

6. The wearing of pants by women was suggested by the fashions of
A. Katharine Hepburn D. Louisa May Alcott
B. the Shakers E. Carrie Chapman Catt
C. Amelia Bloomer

7. During the first hours of Nat Turner’s Rebellion, how were the first victims killed?
A. they were whipped to death
B. they were killed with hatchets and axes
C. they were lined up and shot
D. they were suffocated
E. their houses were set on fire

8. The American work force in the early 19th century was characterized by
A. substantial employment of women and children in factories.
B. reliance on the system of apprentices and masters.
C. a general lengthening of the workday from ten to fourteen hours.
D. extensive political activity among workers.
E. strikes by workers that were few in number but usually effective.

9. All of these were legal questions raised as a result of the new market economy EXCEPT
A. can a democratic government still support slavery?
B. should the government regulate monopolies?
C. who should own the new transportation network?
D. who should own these new technologies?
E. how tightly should patents protect inventions?

10. In general, ____ tended to bind the West and South together, while _____ and _____ connected West to East.
A. turnpikes, steamboats, canals
B. railroads, canals, steamboats
C. turnpikes, railroads, steamboats
D. canals, steamboats, turnpikes
E. steamboats, canals, railroads

11. According to Harriet Jacobs, in the wake of Nat Turner’s Rebellion,
A. the Underground Railroad was created.
B. gangs of poor whites looted blacks of their property.
C. many slaves ran off to live with Indians.
D. plantation owners began forbidding their slaves to attend church.
E. other slaves were hanged when Nat Turner could not be captured.

12. The case of Commonwealth v. Hunt was a notable exception to the legal understanding of workers’ rights in the early 19th century, since the decision stated that
A. women had to be paid as much as men for the same work.
B. workers should not be forced to work more than 10 hours in a day.
C. children could not be employed in factories.
D. unions were not illegal conspiracies so long as they were peaceful.
E. use of strikebreakers was illegal.

13. “Unjust laws exist: shall we be content to obey them, or shall we endeavor to amend them, and obey them until we have succeeded, or shall we transgress them at once?” Who said it?
A. Joseph Smith
B. John H. Noyes
C. Louisa May Alcott
D. Henry David Thoreau
E. James Madison

14. Washington Irving, James Fenimore Cooper, and William Cullen Bryant were members of the
A. Knickerbocker group
B. Transcendentalists
C. Mormons
D. Christian Scientists
E. Hudson River School

15. Women became especially active in the social reforms stimulated by the 2nd Great Awakening because
A. they saw churches as the first institutions that needed to be reformed.
B. they refused to accept the idea that there was a special female role in society.
C. they were looking to obtain as much power as possible at the expense of men.
D. many of the leading preachers and evangelists were women.
E. religious social reform legitimized their activity outside the home.

16. This Alton, Illinois publisher and Presbyterian minister, was killed by a mob in 1837 for his activity on behalf of abolitionism.
A. Lewis Tappan
B. Lyman Beecher
C. William Wilberforce
D. Elijah Lovejoy
E. Wendell Phillips

17. John Quincy Adams waged an eight-year fight for repeal of
A. the Missouri Compromise’s allowance of slavery south of the 36° 30′ line.
B. the decision sending the Amistad mutineers back into slavery.
C. the Gag Rule in the House of Representatives that forbade the discussion of anti-slavery petitions.
D. the Three-Fifths Compromise.
E. the Black Codes of South Carolina.

Practice MC questions 11-13 Test

1. Which president is most associated with the Era of Good Feelings?
A. Thomas Jefferson
B. Andrew Jackson
C. James Monroe
D. Martin van Buren
E. John Quincy Adams

2. Which of the following Supreme Court decisions directly established the federal government’s right to regulate commerce?
A. Gibbons v. Ogden
B. McCulloch v. Maryland
C. Plessy v. Ferguson
D. Schenck v. United States
E. Marbury v. Madison

3. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE about the Missouri Compromise?
A. Slavery was outlawed north of the 36° 30′ line in the Louisiana Territory except for Missouri.
B. Maine was admitted to the Union as a free state.
C. Missouri was admitted to the Union as a slave state.
D. It used the Missouri River as the dividing line between slave and free territory.
E. It was negotiated predominantly by Henry Clay.

4. Which of the following was NOT a provision of the original Monroe Doctrine?
A. The United States would use military intervention in the Americas if needed.
B. The United States would not intervene in European wars and conflicts.
C. European intervention in the Americas would be viewed as a threat to American security.
D. The Americas were politically different from Europe.
E. The Western Hemisphere was closed to further European colonization.

5. Which of the following statements about the Treaty of Ghent was NOT TRUE?
A. It was signed by Britain and the US.
B. It settled the border disputes involving the Louisiana Territory.
C. It failed to address British impressment policy.
D. It did not address freedom of the seas.
E. It ended the War of 1812.

6. As chief justice, John Marshall helped ensure that
A. Aaron Burr was convicted of treason.
B. the political and economic systems were based on a strong central government.
C. states’ rights were protected.
D. both the Supreme Court and the president could declare a law unconstitutional.
E. the programs of Alexander Hamilton were overturned.

7. The delegates of the Hartford Convention adopted resolutions that included a call for
A. a separate peace treaty between New England and the British.
B. South Carolina’s secession from the Union.
C. war with England on the basis of interference with merchant shipping.
D. the dissolution of the Federalist party on the grounds of collaboration with the enemy.
E. a Constitutional amendment requiring a two-thirds vote in Congress before war was declared.

8. Which of the following was a major result of the Supreme Court’s decision in McCulloch v. Maryland?
A. It stated that the national bank was illegal.
B. It addressed Native American territorial rights.
C. It prevented states from interfering with business contracts.
D. It reinforced the principle that the state governments could not override the federal government.
E. It established the federal government’s right to regulate interstate commerce.

9. The Webster-Hayne debate of 1830 centered on the subject of
A. reform of the spoils system.
B. state nullification of federal laws.
C. the settlement of Missouri as a slave state.
D. the morality of slavery.
E. presidential veto power.

10. New England opposed the American System’s federally constructed roads because
A. canals were a superior method of transportation.
B. the Democratic-Republicans favored them.
C. they cost too much.
D. they were poorly constructed.
E. they would drain away needed population to the West.

11. Macon’s Bill No. 2
A. repealed the Embargo Act of 1807.
B. forbade American ships from leaving port for any destination whatsoever, including other American ports.
C. forbade American trade with Britain and France but offered to open trade with either country if they would declare a ceasefire in their war.
D. permitted trade with all nations but promised that is either Britain or France lifted its restrictions on American trade, the US would stop trading with the other.
E. halted trade with Britain.

12. Lewis and Clark’s expedition produced all of the following EXCEPT
A. treaties with several Indian nations.
B. knowledge of the Indians of the region.
C. a rich harvest of scientific information.
D. maps.
E. hair-raising adventure stories.

13. Supporters of the Whig party included all of the following EXCEPT
A. many evangelical Protestants.
B. backers of southern states’ rights.
C. opponents of public education.
D. backers of the American System.
E. large northern industrialists.