Archive for the ‘Multiple choice practice’ Category

MC practice chapters 8-10

MC Practice
Chapters 08-10

1. The terms of the Peace of Paris were incredibly generous to the Americans because
A. the Americans had soundly defeated the British and driven out all of its troops after Yorktown.
B. the British feared losing their Latin American colonies to Spain.
C. the British were trying to persuade the Americans not to punish Loyalists who remained in America.
D. the British were trying to anger the French Canadians, who still felt loyalty to France.
E. England was trying to convince the Americans to abandon their alliance with France.

2. During our first 25 years as a nation, one of the major problems facing America was
A. the rivalry between France and Great Britain.
B. the lack of good political leadership.
C. the continued fighting between the US and the Armed Neutrality League.
D. Indian affairs.
E. separation of church and state

3. Opposition by Jefferson and Madison to Hamilton’s financial plan resulted in
A. the formation of permanent political parties.
B. Hamilton’s dismissal from the cabinet.
C. political issues becoming out of touch with the wishes of the people.
D. the rejection of Hamilton’s plan by Washington.
E. their dismissal from the cabinet by Washington.

4. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about when the 2nd Continental Congress convened?
A. delegates attended from all thirteen colonies.
B. the strongest sentiment was for declaring independence from England.
C. it adopted measures to raise money and create an army and navy.
D. it drafted new written appeals to the king.
E. the conservatives remained a strong force.

5. The purpose of the Bill of Rights was
A. to limit the power of the states against individuals.
B. to protect the rights of the states against the federal government.
C. to weaken the central government.
D. to persuade Federalists to support the Constitution.
E. to protect the rights of individuals against the federal government.

6. A major strength of the Articles of Confederation was its
A. control over interstate commerce. D. ability to coin money.
B. strong judicial branch. E. strong executive branch.
C. presentation of the ideal of a unified nation.

7. Congress’ most successful and effective method of financing the War for Independence was
A. printing large amounts of paper money.
B. obtaining grants and loans from France and the Netherlands.
C. levying heavy direct taxes.
D. issuing paper securities backed by the promise of western land grants.
E. appealing to the states for voluntary contributions.

8. One of George Washington’s major accomplishments as president was
A. keeping the nation out of foreign wars.
B. the signing of Jay’s Treaty.
C. his advice against forming permanent alliances with other nations.
D. persuading the British to stop encourage Indian attacks on the frontier.
E. setting the precedent of serving only two terms.

9. The main purpose of the Alien and Sedition Acts was to
A. capture British and French spies.
B. control the Federalists.
C. silence and punish critics of the Federalists.
D. keep Thomas Jefferson from becoming president.
E. keep the High Federalists from impeaching Adams.

10. Thomas Jefferson favored a political system in which
A. the central government possessed a bulk of the power.
B. cities were the primary focus of political activity.
C. a large standing army ensured the peace.
D. the states retained the majority of the political power.
E. manufacturing interests dominated.

Practice here, practice there…

I DO hope you are reviewing each era, especially the ones from first semester, and considering significance and causal relationships….

1. Which concern was NOT addressed during the “Hundred Days?”
A. mortgage help for homeowners facing foreclosure
B. adjusting the membership on the Supreme Court
C. programs to allow farmers to reduce production without going bankrupt
D. regulation of the banking industry
E. relief payments for the unemployed

2. One trend that showed a decrease in the 1970s and 1980s was
A. the influence of religion in politics
B. the number of minorities gaining political office
C. the number of children living with a divorced parent
D. foreign relations crises in the Middle East
E. the average age of American overall

3. President William McKinley stated that American actions in this place were guided by the principles of “benevolent assimilation,” or subjugating the local inhabitants out of altruistic purposes.
A. the Philippines
B. Hawai’i
C. the Native American frontier
D. Cuba
E. Guam

4. The primary purpose for the settlement of Jamestown was
A. freedom from interference in settlers’ religious lives
B. relief of overcrowding in England
C. competition with Spain and France for the glory of the mother country
D. the spread of Protestantism
E. seeking profit for shareholders

5. The first conscription law passed before the United States was officially at war was
A. after World War II but before the Cold War
B. before the entry of the US in the Second World War
C. before the Spanish- American War
D. before the Philippine-American War
E. before the Civil War

6. The belief that Native Americans could and should be assimilated into American society was the driving philosophy behind
A. the Trail of Tears
B. the Reservation System
C. the Treaty of Ft. Laramie of 1851
D. the pursuit of Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce
E. the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887

7. The Depression-era term for receiving a direct handout from a charity or government agency to aid the unemployed was
A. rugged individualism
B. Hoover handouts
C. the dole
D. socialism
E. Social Darwinism

8. This farmers’ social group became one of the strongest proponents of the late 19th-century Populist Party.
A. the Knights of Labor
B. the United Farm Workers
C. the Agricultural Collaborative
D. the Tillermen
E. the Patrons of Husbandry

9. Which of the following was NOT one of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
A. land policy for the settlement of the frontier
B. the ability to collect revenues
C. the ability to put down insurrection
D. cooperative relations among the states
E. the ability to repay war debt

10. The United States introduced combat troops into Vietnam
A. in response to an urgent appeal from the United Nations to help maintain the peace
B. after the French withdrawal in 1955
C. after the election of Richard Nixon as president as part of promised Vietnam strategy
D. after the president was given nearly unlimited power to protect American interests and troops already stationed there
E. after hundreds of young Americans volunteered in the wake of the attack on the USS Maddox

General practice questions-Manifest Destiny

1. The Mexican War resulted in all of the following EXCEPT:
A. a one-third increase in the size of the US.
B. war experience for those who would lead the armies of both sides in the Civil War.
C. increased respect for American military and naval capabilities.
D. friendlier relations between the US and Latin American nations.
E. deepened sectional tensions over slavery. 411-414

2. The US victory in the Mexican War led to all the following of these EXCEPT:
A. renewed controversy over the issue of extending slavery into the territories.
B. a possible split in the Whig and Democratic parties over slavery.
C. a rush of American settlers into the new territories, especially California.
D. acquisition of the Oregon territory.
E. the cession by Mexico of an enormous amoount of land to the US. 416

3. The Wilmot Proviso, if adopted would have
A. prohibited slavery in any territory taken from Mexico during the war.
B. acquired Cuba as a slave territory.
C. overturned the Fugitive Slave Law.
D. required California to enter the Union as a slave state.
E. prevented the taking of any territory from Mexico. 416

4. The public liked popular sovereignty because it
A. provided a national solution to the problem of slavery.
B. supported the Wilmot Proviso.
C. fit in with the democratic tradition of self-determination.
D. upheld the principles of white supremacy.
E. stopped the spread of slavery. 417

5. The event that brought turmoil to the administration of Zachary Taylor was the
A. influx of immigrants to the west coast.
B. attempt to acquire Cuba.
C. growth of lawlessness in California.
D. passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
E. discovery of gold in California. 418

6. In 1848, the Free Soil Party advocated all of the following EXCEPT
A. opposition to slavery in the territories.
B. giving women the right to vote.
C. federal aid for internal improvements.
D. support of the Wilmot Proviso.
E. free government homesteads for settlers. 418

7. By 1850 the South
A. was relatively well-off, politically and economically,
B. was experiencing severe economic difficulties.
C. feared that slavery would be abolished where it already existed.
D. remained concerned about its weak voice in national government.
E. recognized that slavery’s expansion was over. 420

8. For his position in the 7th of March speech, Daniel Webster was viciously condemned by
A. John C. Calhoun
B. northern Unionists
C. Henry Clay
D. abolitionists.
E. northern banking and commercial interests. 423

9. The Young Guard from the North
A. regarded preserving the Union as their top priority.
B. agreed fully with the Old Guard on the issue of slavery.
C. were most interested in purging and purifying the Union.
D. saw expansionism as a solution to the slavery question.
E. Gave support to John Calhoun’s plan for rescuing the Union. 423

10. During the 1850s, slaves probably gained their freedom most often by
A. appeal to the courts.
B. being emancipated in their master’s will.
C. rebellion
D. running away.
E. self-purchase. 422

Practice MC for World War II

1. The main reason why a majority of women left the workforce at the end of World War II was
A. union demands.
B. employer demands that they quit.
C. male discrimination on the job.
D. government requirements to hire veterans.
E. family obligations.

2. Shortly after Hitler and Stalin signed a non-aggression pact,
A. Britain and France signed a similar agreement.
B. the Soviets attacked China.
C. Germany invaded Poland and started World War II.
D. Italy signed a similar agreement with the Soviets.
E. the Germans invaded Finland.

3. The US military refused to bomb Nazi gas chambers such as those at Auschwitz and Dachau because of the belief that
A. bombing would kill the Jews kept there.
B. the military was unsure of the gas chambers’ location.
C. such attacks would not seriously impede the killing of the Jews.
D. the US believed the assurances of Hitler that the camps were for legitimate penal purposes only.
E. bombing would divert essential military resources.

4. The 1941 lend-lease program was all of the following EXCEPT
A. another privately arranged deal, like the trade for destroyers.
B. a direct challenge to Axis dictators.
C. the point when the pretense of American neutrality was abandoned.
D. the catalyst that caused American factories to prepare for all-out war.
E.  a focus of intense debate between internationalists and isolationists

5. In the Quarantine speech, what does FDR propose we quarantine?
A. lawless nations                                   
B. economically depressed nations           
C. Saddam Hussein
D. our allies
E. Italy and Spain as fascist countries

6. African-Americans did all of the following during WWII EXCEPT
A. fight in integrated combat units.
B. move north in large numbers.
C. move west in large numbers.
D. form a militant organization called the Congress for Racial Equality.
E. support the “Double-V” campaign.

7. The conquest of the island of Guam in the ___________ chain was especially important to US success in the Pacific, because from there the US could conduct round-trip bombing raids on the Japanese home islands.
A. Guadalcanal                                   
B. Wake                                               
C. Okinawa
D. New Guinea
E. Marianas

8. According to your textbook, the main reason given by the top command in Washington for placing Japanese-Americans in internment camps was that Japanese-Americans
A. might act as saboteurs for the Japanese government in case of invasion.
B. had colluded in the attack on Pearl Harbor.
C. had no loyalty to the US.
D. were more suspect than German-Americans, since they had no Anglo-Saxon heritage.
E. lacked Christian values as most were Buddhists.

9. The major consequence of the Allied conquest of Sicily in August 1943 was
A. a modification of the demand for the unconditional surrender of Italy.
B. the overthrow of Mussolini and Italy’s unconditional surrender.
C. the swift Allied conquest of the Italian peninsula.
D. a conflict between Churchill and General Eisenhower over the invasion of the Italian mainland.
E. the threat of a Communist takeover of the Italian government.

10. At the Tehran Conference,
A. the USSR agreed to declare war on Japan within three months.
B. the Big Three allies agreed to divide postwar Germany into separate occupied zones.
C. the USSR agreed to allow free elections in Eastern European nations that it occupied at the end of the war.
D. plans were made for opening a second front in western Europe.
E. it was agreed that the Big Five powers would have veto power in the united Nations.

Practice questions 27-29

Review Questions 27-29 test

1. Pres. McKinley asked Congress to declare war upon Spain because the
A. US had wanted to acquire Cuba for decades, and this would enable that to happen.
B. Spanish government had angered him by insulting him.
C. American people, fanned by the claims of yellow journalists, demanded it.
D. Teller Amendment had been passed.
E. business community favored the conflict.

2. The United States gained rights to Guantanamo Bay as a result of the
A. Platt Amendment.
B. Foraker Act.
C. Teller Amendment.
D. Treaty of Paris of 1898.
E. Monroe Doctrine.

3. President Grover Cleveland rejected the effort to annex Hawai’i because
A. he wanted to protect the interests of Louisiana sugar growers.
B. the US did not have the naval power to protect the islands against Japanese or German threats.
C. he believed that the native Hawai’ians had been wronged and that a majority opposed annexation by the US.
D. passage of the McKinley Tariff made Hawai’ian sugar impossible.
E. the US would then have to establish military bases in Hawai’i.

4. A major factor in the shift of US foreign policy toward imperialism in the late 19th century was
A. the need for overseas markets for increased industrial and agricultural products.
B. the need for additional population.
C. the construction of an American-built isthmian canal between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
D. the desire for more farmland.
E. all of the above.

5. Anti-imperialists presented all of the following arguments against acquiring the Philippines EXCEPT:
A. the islands were still rightfully Spain’s since they were taken after the armistice was signed.
B. it would violate the “consent of the governed” philosophy of the Declaration of Independence.
C. the Filipinos wanted freedom, not colonial rule.
D. annexation would propel the United States into the political and military chaos of the Far East.
E. the United States might become contaminated by contact with despotic countries such as the Philippines.

6. Hawai’i’s Queen Liliuokalani was removed from power because
A. she insisted that native Hawai’ians should control Hawai’i.
B. she reneged on treaty obligations.
C. Hawai’ian agriculture had failed under her leadership.
D. she did not allow Christian missionaries in her country.
E. President Cleveland believed that US national honor required control of the Hawai’ian government.

7. The insular cases of 1901 were Supreme Court decisions that held that
A. the United States could hold prisoners at Guantanamo Bay.
B. the US Constitution did not apply in all territories under the American flag.
C. the US had a right to send troops into foreign countries to protect US citizens there.
D. the Roosevelt Corollary was constitutional.
E. Puerto Ricans were automatically US citizens.

8. The acquisition of the Philippines resulted in the United States
A. gaining valuable spice sources.
B. being hailed as saviors by the Filipino people.
C. gaining a weaker defensive position in the Far East.
D. openly challenging the British in imperialist competition.
E. gaining a new war to fight against nationalist Filipinos.

9. China’s Boxer Rebellion was an attempt to
A. destroy the Open Door policy.
B. restore traditional Chinese religion.
C. throw out or kill all “foreign devils.”
D. overthrow the corrupt Chinese government.
E. establish American power in the Far East.

10. The US gained a perpetual lease on the Panama Canal Zone in the
A. Teller Amendment.
B. Gentlemen’s Agreement.
C. Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
D. Hay-Pauncefote Treaty.
E. Hay- Bunau- Varilla Treaty.

11. Female progressives justified their reformist political activities on the basis of
A. the harsh treatment of women by their employers.
B. their actions being essentially an extension of women’s traditional roles as wives and mothers.
C. women’s inherent rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
D. the need to assert female power against male oppression.
E. America’s need to catch up with more progressive European nations.

12. President Taft’s foreign policy was called
A. the Good Neighbor Policy
B. Boxer Diplomacy.
C. dollar diplomacy..
D. big-stick diplomacy.
E. the Open Door Policy.

13. President Taft’s image as a progressive was damaged when he
A. signed the Payne-Aldrich Tariff.
B. attacked fewer trusts than Teddy Roosevelt.
C. intervened militarily in Central America.
D. got stuck in the bathtub.
E. adopted a confrontational attitude with other Republicans.

14. In the United States, prohibition
A. began with passage of the 18th Amendment.
B. was already in place in most urban areas before being added to the Constitution.
C. was considered to be a proper issue for men only to discuss, since women were less likely to be drinkers.
D. was considered to be the same thing as temperance.
E. laws were first passed in the state of Maine in 1851.

15. The first Jewish person to sit on the Supreme Court was
A. Felix Frankfurter.
B. Arsene Pujo.
C. Herbert Croly.
D. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
E. Louis Brandeis.

16. Which publication highlighted the plight of tenement dwellers?
A. The Titan.
B. The Jungle.
C. Wealth Against Commonwealth.
D. How the Other Half Lives.
E. Sister Carrie

17. Among the major political issues on which Congress passed legislation during the years 1877-1892 were all of the following EXCEPT
A. civil service reform
B. civil rights
C. control of the trusts
D. the coinage of silver
E. tariffs

Some questions to ponder over chapters 25-26

Which of the following best expresses Turner’s “Frontier thesis?”
A. “The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development.”
B. “The most significant thing about the American frontier is, that it lies at the hither edge of free land.”
C. “The effect of the Indian frontier as a consolidating agent in our history is important.”
D. “… the demand for land and the love of wilderness freedom drew the frontier ever onward.”
E. “The effect of the Indian frontier as a consolidating agent in our history is important.”

The real “safety valve” in the late 19th century was
A. the city.
B. the Western frontier.
C. Hawai’i.
D. Canada.
E. Alaska.

Under President Benjamin Harrison, the Republicans were eager to spend the government’s surplus money because they wanted to
A. safeguard the high tariff.
B. win the support of farmers.
C. increase the services government provided to citizens.
D. deny that they were insensitive to the needs of labor.
E. help ease the hardships caused by the Depression of 1893.

Farmers in the late 19th century believed that their difficulties stemmed from, among other things, which of the following?
A. low tariff rates.
B. overproduction.
C. easy credit.
D. the currency supply.
E. drought.

One of the major effects of the industrial revolution of the late 19th century in the US was
A. an increased emphasis on worker health and safety issues.
B. a decrease in worker productivity as a result of continuous clashes between unions and management.
C. an increased emphasis on high- quality, error free work.
D. an increase in the number of small industrial facilities, which could operate more efficiently than larger industrial plants.
E. an increased emphasis on speed rather than quality of work.

Booker T. Washington believed that the key to political and civil rights for African Americans was
A. specialized training to demonstrate African Americans’ contributions to society and the economy
B. rigorous academic training to prove that African Americans were in every way intellectually equal to whites
C. the rejection of accomodationist attitudes
D. to directly challenge white supremacy
E. an emphasis on liberal arts colleges that admitted blacks.

Practice Questions Ch 25-26 Test on Tuesday

1. The first major farmers’ organization was the
A. Patrons of Husbandry
B. Populists
C. Greenback Labor Party
D. Farmers’ Alliance
E. American Farm Bureau

2. One problem with the Homestead Act was that
A. public land was sold for revenue.
B. 160 acres was inadequate for productive farming on the Great Plains.
C. Midwestern farmers had to give up raising livestock due to intense competition with the West.
D. the railroads purchased most of the land.
E. the Southern states weakened the law until it was meaningless.

3. The Dawes Severalty Act did all of the following EXCEPT
A. dissolve many tribes as legal intermediaries for the Indians
B. outlaw the sacred Sun Dance
C. enforce individual rather than tribal ownership of land
D. promise Indians US citizenship in 25 years
E. turn nomadic Indians into farmers

4. Farmers in the late 19th century believed that their difficulties stemmed from, among other things, which of the following?
A. low tariff rates. D. the limited currency supply.
B. overproduction. E. constant drought.
C. easy credit.

5. Farmers problems in the late 1880s really stemmed from which of the following?
A. low tariff rates. D. the currency supply.
B. overproduction. E. drought.
C. easy credit.

6. The major factor drawing people off farms and into the big cities was
A. the development of the skyscraper.
B. the availability of industrial jobs.
C. the compact nature of large communities.
D. the advent of new housing structures known as dumbbell tenements.
E. the lure of cultural excitement and entertainment.

7. The New Immigrants who came to the US after 1880
A. had experience with democratic governments.
B. arrived primarily from Germany. Sweden, and Norway.
C. were culturally different from previous immigrants.
D. received a warm welcome from the Old Immigrants.
E. represented nonwhite racial groups.

8. A “bird of passage” was an immigrant who
A. came to the United States to live permanently.
B. only passed through America on his way to Canada.
C. came to America to work for a short time and then return home.
D. was unmarried.
E. drifted from job to job.

9. The religious denomination that responded the most favorably to the New Immigration was
A. Roman Catholics D. Christian Scientists
B. Baptists E. Mormons
C. Episcopalians

10. The Darwinian theory of evolution through natural selection affected American religion by
A. turning most scientists against religion.
B. creating a split (to this day) between religious conservatives and “accomodationists”
C. raising awareness of the close spiritual kinship between animals and human beings
D. causing a revival of the doctrine of original sin
E. sparking the rise of new denomination based on science