Archive for the ‘Vocabulary’ Category

Study words for 1-4 terms check

These will be the words that I will draw from to make your terms check over chapters 1-4 which you will take on Monday.
It will be a matching format quiz.

middle passage
Fundamental Orders
Mayflower Compact
Jonathan Edwards
Handsome Lake
Bartolomeo de las Casas
Nathaniel Bacon
Anne Hutchinson
“Blue Laws”
Halfway Covenant
Salutary neglect
Michel-Guillaume de Crevecoeur
“Black Legend”
Christine Heyrman (try searching for her on the blog!)
House of Burgesses
freedom dues
Roger Williams
“The elect”
Treaty of Tordesillas
Protestant work ethic
John Smith
James Oglethorpe
Indentured servants
Regulator Movement
Bible Commonwealth
Act of Toleration
headright system

Chapter terms, etc, 2nd semester


Here’s the whole thing. CHAPTER 24 is DUE on the first day back from break!!

Chapter 24, Industry Comes of Age, 1865-1900
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Union Pacific Railroad___Central Pacific Railroad ____Big Four
Collis Huntington______Thomas Edison________John P. Morgan
Terence V. Powderly_____Andrew Carnegie______John Altgeld
Interstate Commerce Act__trust_______________Bessemer process
“Drake’s Folly”_________Sherman Antitrust Act__Gibson Girl
lockout ______________company town_______Nat’l Labor Union
Knights of Labor _______American Fed. of Labor ___Haymarket Square episode
Samuel Gompers_______Mary Harris Jones_______“closed shop”
Cornelius Vanderbilt ____John D. Rockefeller______Jay Gould
vertical integration______horizontal consolidation_____pool
rebate _______________interlocking directorate ____injunction
standard time__________US Steel_____________gospel of wealth
the Grange____________William G. Sumner _____Haymarket riot
yellow dog contract______New South
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain the central role of the railroads in late 19th century America.
— Examine the dramatic impact of “big business” and the new industrial corporations on the American economy and American life in general.
— Examine the gains and losses for various groups (business, labor, women, minorities, immigrants) accruing from industrialization.

Chapter 25, America Moves to the City, 1865-1900
Identify the historical significance of the following:
“walking city”        dumbbell tenement        flophouses
suburbs            New Immigrants        “America letters”
political machines        settlement house        Florence Kelley
nativism            Am. Protective Assoc.    Dwight Moody
Fundamentalism        Modernists            “normal schools”
Jane Addams            W.E.B. Du Bois        William James
Mary Baker Eddy        Henry George        Horatio Alger
Hull House            Booker T. Washington    Mark Twain
yellow journalism        philanthropy            pragmatism
NAACP            Chatauqua movement    18th Amendment
“talented tenth”        land grant colleges        Hatch Act
Morill Act            Comstock Law        social gospel
Carnegie libraries        yellow journalism        Emily Dickinson
Carrie Chapman Catt    NAWSA            Ida B. Wells
WCTU            Buffalo Bill            James Naismith
Victoria Woodhull        Charlott Perkins Gilman    “The Metaphysical Club”
Carrie Nation        padrone system        Walter Rauschenbusch
settlement houses        Florence Kelley        Salvation Army/ YMCA
Joseph Pulitzer        Wm. Randolph Hearst    James Gibbons
John Dewey            Oliver W. Holmes        “birds of passage”
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Outline the connection among the forces of industrialization, urbanization, and immigration.
— Relate and analyze the cultural conflicts over religion and values to the new social and cultural environment of the city.

Chapter 26 The Great West and the Agricultural Revolution, 1865-1890
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Treaty of Ft. Laramie (1851) reservation system        Indian Territory
Sand Creek massacre     John Chivington        Fetterman massacre
George Custer        Treaty of Ft. Laramie (1868)  7th Cavalry
Little Big Horn        Chief Joseph            Sitting Bull
Geronimo            buffalo            Helen Hunt Jackson
Sun Dance            Ghost Dance            assimilation
Battle of Wounded Knee    Dawes Severalty Act    Carlisle Indian School
James Weaver        Bozeman Trail        Black Hills
Joseph Glidden        William Cody        Fifty-niners
Sioux Wars            Comstock Lode        Granger Laws
Greenback Labor Party    Homestead Act        Farmers’ Alliance
Eighty-niners        Populists            “Helldorados”
Apache            James Hickok        blizzards of 1886-7
boomers            sooners            “cow towns”
Pike’s Peakers        Cattle Kingdom        “Centennial State”
longhorns            soddies            “beef barons”
Long Drive            John Wesley Powell        barbed wire
Grange            Frederick Jackson Turner    deflation
Wabash case            Coxey’s Army        Eugene Debs
Marry Ellen Lease        J. P. Altgeld            Pullman Strike
“government by injunction”                Cross of Gold speech
William J. Bryan        16 to 1                free-silver
“Battle of ‘96”        William McKinley
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain the importance of the bison to the Plains tribes.  How was this dependence exploited by whites?
— Examine the various phases of economic activity in the West: mining, cattle ranching, and agriculture.  How was each era eventually dominated by big business, and why?
— Analyze the pressures leveled against the Native Americans during the last half of the 19th century through each of the following:
a) treaty and removal;
b) the reservation system;
c) allotment and assimilation.
— Explain the geographical forces which made the Dawes Act’s provision unsuitable for the great settlement push onto the Plains.
— Analyze how life in the West was particularly unique for women.
— Examine the influence of the railroads upon the lives of settlers, and outline the actions farmers attempted to take to counteract the railroads’ power.
— Outline the main points of Turner’s frontier thesis, and recent scholarship regarding this idea.

Chapter 27 Empire and Expansion, 1890-1909
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Alfred Thayer Mahan        George Dewey        James Blaine
Richard Olney            Theodore Roosevelt        jingoism
imperialism                Pan-American Conference    Rough Riders
San Juan Hill                Philippines            Cuba Libre
Foraker Act                USS Maine            Treaty of Paris
Teller Amendment            Platt Amendment        insular cases
Queen Liliuokalani            Emilio Aguinaldo        Butcher Weyler
Republic of Hawai’i            Venezuelan Crisis        Joseph Pulitzer
Sanford Dole                Great White Fleet        Guantanamo Bay
self-determination            annexation            anti-imperialism
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Analyze the deep economic conflicts of the 1890s in the context of the depression of 1893.
— Outline the basic reasons for the labor disputes of the 1890s.  Highlight the main events.  How did the government’s adherence to laissez faire became a bias toward management?  How did labor respond?

Chapter 28 Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt
Identify the historical significance of the following:
progressives                 laissez-faire             Henry Demarest Lloyd
Thorsten Veblen             Jacob Riis             Theodore Dreiser
popular magazines             muckrakers             Lincoln, Steffens
Ida Tarbell                 “money trust”         David G. Phillips
Ray Stannard Baker         John Spargo             patent medicines
“Poison Squad”             direct primary         initiative
referendum                 recall                 graft
Australian ballot             17th Amendment         suffragists
city-manager system         Wisconsin             Robert La Follette
Hiram Johnson             Charles Evans Hughes     Women’s Trade Union League
National Consumers League     “wet”/”dry”         Children’s/Women’s Bureau
Florence Kelley             Muller v. Oregon         Louis Brandeis
Lochner v. New York         Triangle Shirtwaist Co.     WCTU
Frances Willard             18th Amendment         “Square Deal”
coal strike of 1902             arbitration             Dept. of Commerce and Labor
trust-busting                 Elkins Act             Hepburn Act
Northern Securities decision     William H. Taft         Upton Sinclair/ The Jungle
Meat Inspection Act         Pure Food and Drug Act     Desert Land Act
Forest Reserve Act             Carey Act             Newlands Act
Gifford Pinchot             Sierra Club/John Muir     Hetch Hetchy
environmentalists             “rational use” policy     “wilderness was waste”
“multiple use resource management”                 Bureau of Reclamation
“Roosevelt Panic”             Aldrich-Vreeland Act     William Jennings Bryan
“dollar diplomacy”             Manchurian railroad     Nicaragua
“rule of reason”             Standard Oil Co.         US Steel
“Mother of Trusts”             Payne-Aldrich Bill         Richard Ballinger
New Nationalism             Victor Berger
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Analyze the goals of the Progressive movement, using legislation for examples.
— Examine the relationship between Progressivism and previous political or reform movements.
— Outline the birth of the conservation movement under Theodore Roosevelt.  How did Roosevelt’s experiences make him amenable to conservationism?

Chapter 29 Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad, 1912-1916
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Woodrow Wilson        New Nationalism            Federal Farm Loan Act
Eugene V. Debs        New Freedom            Seaman’s Act
Louis D. Brandeis        Underwood Tariff Act        Workingmen’s
Pancho Villa            Federal Reserve Act                       Compensation Act
John J. Pershing        Federal Trade Commission        Central Powers
Kaiser Wilhelm II        Clayton Act                Allies
holding company        Adamson Act            Serbia
Lusitania            Arabic                    Sussex
“predatory” trusts        “bull moose”                Herbert Croly
Eugene V. Debs        “lone wolf”                “triple wall of privilege”
16th Amendment        Arsene Pujo                Federal Reserve Board
Federal Reserve Notes    Federal Farm Loan Act        Panama Canal Tolls Act
Jones Act            crisis with Japan, 1913        Haiti
Dominican Republic    Virgin Islands            Victoriano Huerta
Venustiano Carranza    Vera Cruz/Tampico        ABC Powers
Columbus, NM        Blood Money                JP Morgan & Co.
Sussex pledge        Charles Evans Hughes        “He Kept Us Out of War”
Richard Hofstadter        “status anxiety”            “organizational school”
“female dominion”
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Assess America’s neutrality at the outset of World War I.  Consider both Wilson’s policies in regard to Britain and Germany as well as public sentiment.  Did American actions mirror American policy? Explain.
— Outline how Wilson’s attempt to promote American-style democracy in Mexico led him into military intervention and near-war.
— Analyze why Wilson found himself headed to the brink of war with Germany over the use of submarines.
— Compare and contrast Roosevelt’s New Nationalism and Wilson’s New Freedom programs.  Which seems to be the more realistic response to industrialization, and why?

Chapter 30 The War to End War, 1917-1918
Identify the historical significance of the following:
George Creel            Marshal Foch        Eugene V. Debs
Herbert Hoover        Henry Cabot Lodge        Warren G. Harding
self-determination        Zimmermann note        14 Points
IWW/”Wobblies”        League of Nations        War Industries Board
Big Four            Cmte on Pub. Info        18th Amendment
19th Amendment        Treaty of Versailles        Espionage and Sedition Acts
Bolsheviks            reparations            conscription
war-guilt clause        1919 steel strike        Great Migration
Article X            Chateau- Thierry        Influenza Epidemic of 1918
“peace without victory”    Jeannette Rankin        unrestricted submarine warfare
“four-minute men”        “Hun”            “liberty cabbage/steak”
“Big Bill” Haywood        Schenck v. United States    Bernard Baruch
“work or fight” rule        Samuel Gompers/AFL    Council of National Defense
inflation            race riots            National Women’s Party
Alice Paul            NAWSA            19th Amendment
Women’s Bureau        Sheppard-Towner Act    Food/Fuel Administration
victory gardens        concrete ships        Liberty Loan/Bond/Victory Loan
John Singer Sargent        St. Mihiel            Meuse-Argonne offensive
Alvin C. York        doughboys            “irreconcilables”
Security Treaty        Lodge reservations        “solemn referendum”
James M. Cox        Warren G. Harding        “Wilsonianism”
“zero-sum game”        “moralism/legalism”    “imperialism of free trade”
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Evaluate and explain Wilson’s Fourteen Points, and explain how this great plan was received in both America and Europe.  Which were successfully achieved and which were not? Why?
— Analyze the opposition to the Versailles treaty and the League.  Why did the United States fail to join the League?  Consider the roles of Wilson and Lodge, and their antipathy toward each other, in your response.
— President Wilson observed that women’s suffrage was “a vitally necessary war measure.”  Why?
— Assess the significance of Wilson’s idealism on
a) his call for American entry into WWI;
b) his Fourteen Points;
c) his campaign for American membership in the League of Nations.

Chapter 31 American Life in the “Roaring Twenties,” 1919-1929
Identify the historical significance of the following:
A. Mitchell Palmer        Al Capone            John Dewey
H. L. Mencken        Bruce Barton            Sigmund Freud
Andrew Mellon        Henry Ford            Andrew Mellon
John T. Scopes        Frederick W. Taylor        Frank Lloyd Wright
William Jennings Bryan    Charles Lindbergh        William Faulkner
Clarence Darrow        Margaret Sanger        Ernest Hemigway
nativist            buying on margin        red scare
Sacco and Vanzetti case    Immigration Quota Act    flappers
Ku Klux Klan        F. Scott Fitzgerald        Florida land boom
Emergency Quota Act    Volstead Act            Billy Sunday
closed/open shop        Anglo-Saxon            Immigration Act of 1924
speakeasies            Horace Kallen/pluralism    Randolph Bourne/cosmopolitanism
moonshiners            “G-men”            bootleggers
Al Capone            “Public Enemy No. 1”    “Monkey trial”
organized crime        John Dewey            blues/ jazz
Clarence Darrow        Fundamental    ism        Mass consumption
George H. Ruth        Buying on credit        The Man Nobody Knows
Ford/Olds            H. L. Mencken        assembly line/mass production
Model T            Wright Brothers        Alice Paul
Marconi            KDKA            Thomas Edison
Great Train Robbery        Birth of a Nation        The Jazz Singer
Langston Hughes        Marcus Garvey/UNIA    Sinclair Lewis
Pound/ Eliot/ Frost        Greenwich Village        Harlem renaissance
Equal Rights Amendment                    tax reduction
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain the significance of the case of Gitlow v. New York (1925), which is alluded to on p. 721. You will have to use outside sources.
— Analyze the turning inward of American society as a response to the disillusionment in the aftermath of WWI.
— Discuss the conflicts between religion and science that shook America in the 1920s, using the Scopes trial as a metaphor or example.  In what ways is this conflict still resonating today?
— Examine the economic and social consequences of the development of the economic trend of mass consumption.

Chapter 32 The Politics of Boom and Bust, 1920-1932
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Warren Harding        Albert B. Fall                John Davis
Charles Evans Hughes    Harry Daugherty            Robert LaFollette
Andrew Mellon        Charles Forbes            Alfred E. Smith
Herbert Hoover        Calvin Coolidge            “Ohio Gang”
farm block            Reconstruction Finance Corp.    Dawes Plan
Washington Conference    Bonus Army                “black gold”
Muller v. Oregon        Adkins v. Children’s Hospital    American Legion
Nine-Power Treaty        Kellogg-Briand Pact            Teapot Dome
McNary-Haugen Bill    Progressive Party            moratorium
“noble experiment”        Federal Farm Board            “Black Tuesday”
Hoovervilles            Muscle Shoals Bill            Stimson doctrine
“debt knot”            “wheat belt”                Capper-Volstead Act
Andrew Mellon        Adkins v. Children’s Hospital    Fordney-McCumber Tariff
“farm bloc”            “honest little Finland”        Hoovercrats
Agricultual Marketing Act    “rugged individualism”        “trickle-down”
Hoover Dam            Reconstruction Finance Corp.    Adjusted Compensation Act
Veterans Bureau        steel strike- 1919            Nicaragua
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Contrast the corrupt Harding with the upright Coolidge and Hoover.  How did each president represent the ideals of the probusiness 1920s in his own way?
–Outline the social and political conditions in the 1920s which led to the Great Depression.  Did the Republican party fail to react?

Chapter 33 The Great Depression and the New Deal, 1933-1939
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Franklin D. Roosevelt        Father Coughlin            George Norris
Eleanor Roosevelt            Huey Long                John L. Lewis
Harry Hopkins            Harold Ickes                New Deal
Public Works Administration    National Labor Relations Board    “Brain Trust”
Agricultural Adjustment Act    Congress of Industrial Orgs    Dust Bowl
Hundred Days            Glass-Steagall Act            Liberty League
Securities & Exchange Comm.    Tennessee Valley Authority    “managed currency”
Roosevelt coalition            Civilian Conservation Corps    20th Amendment
Federal Housing Authority    20st Amendment            Social Security Act
Works Progress Administration    Wagner Act                National Recovery Act
Schechter case            Agricultural Adjustment Act    “three Rs”
Federal Emergency Relief Act    “Share Our Wealth”            Frances Perkins
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act                Okies
Indian Reorganization Act        John Collier                San Joaquin Valley
Alf Landon                Fair Labor Standards Act        Court-packing scheme
Hatch Act                subversives                Emergency Congress
21st Amendment            “forgotten man”            “half-way revolution”
Alan Brinkley            Lizabeth Cohen            Carl Degler
“Roosevelt recession”        John Maynard Keynes        Hatch Act
Court-packing plan            Memorial Day massacre        sit-down strike
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Describe the impact of Roosevelt and the New Deal upon America.
— Examine the goals and activities of the major New Deal programs.
— Analyze the costs and benefits to the American people by the massive spending engendered by the New Deal. What effects did this spending have?
— Respond to the following statement: “Roosevelt went too far in correcting the flaws of capitalism and laissez-faire.  In creating his New Deal programs, he undermined the traditions of the Protestant work ethic and rugged individualism, which had been the bedrock of American society.”

Chapter 34 Franklin Roosevelt and the Shadow of War, 1933-1941
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Cordell Hull                Adolf Hitler            Charles Lindbergh
Joseph Stalin                Francisco Franco        Wendell Wilkie
Benito Mussolini            Winston Churchill        totalitarianism
isolationism                Neutrality Acts        Neville Chamberlain
lend-lease                appeasement            Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act
Spanish Civil War            Nazis                Quarantine speech
America First Committee        Atlantic Charter        fascism
“merchants of death”        “cash-and-carry”        Nye committee
“phony war”                Nonaggression Pact        Munich Pact
Tydings-McDuffie Act        “Good Neighbor” policy    London Economic Conference
“Colossus of the North”        nonintervention        Rome-Berlin Axis
Tripartite Pact            Ethiopia            Johnson Debt-Default Act
Panay                    Sudentenland        Dunkirk
Lebensraum                conscription            Havana Conference
Battle of Britain            “Fortress America”        Cmte to Defend Am by Aiding Allies
Destroyer Deal            Reuben James            “Black Sunday”
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain the causes of American isolationism in the 1930s, and trace the reasons for the disintegration of this isolationism.
— Describe the fierce debates between internationalists and isolationists, especially between 1939 and 1941.
— Examine whether America could maintain a policy of isolationism in light of her previous imperialism.

Chapter 35 America in World War II, 1941-1945
Identify the historical significance of the following:
ABC-1                “Double V”            Office of Price Administration
Smith-Connelly Act        baby boomers        merchant marine
“warfare-welfare state”    Enigma            Detroit race riot
saboteurs            internment camps        War Production Board
Issei                Nissei                black market
Smith-Conally Act        WAACS            WAVES
SPARS            GI                “Rosie the Riveter”
Sunbelt            A. Philip Randolph        Fair Employment Practices Comm.
braceros            CORE                code talkers
zoot-suit riots        OSRD                Bataan/Corregidor
Douglas MacArthur        Battle of the Coral Sea    Chester Nimitz
Battle of Midway        Guadalcanal            leapfrogging
wolf packs            “Desert Fox”            Bernard Montgomery
Stalingrad            Dwight Eisenhower        Casablanca Conference
unconditional surrender    Teheran            D-Day
Aachen            George S. Patton        underground
Thomas E. Dewey        Henry A. Wallace        Battle of the Bulge
Harry S. Truman        V-E Day            Okinawa
kamikazes            “soft underbelly”        Potsdam Conference
Hiroshima            Nagasaki            USS Missouri
Korematsu v. US        V-J Day            Executive Order No. 9066
B-29s                Saipan                “silent service”
El Alamein            Big Two            “Marianas Turkey Shoot”
Potsdam            Jiang Jeshi            Anzio
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain how the decision to seek unconditional surrender of Germany was a potentially controversial decision. Outline the basic strategy used to defeat Hitler.
— Explain why Germany was the first target of the allies.  What particular danger did Hitler pose by the time America entered the war?
— Explain the reasons an invasion of Japan was so widely feared, and demonstrate what effect this fear had on the creation of an atomic bomb.

Chapter 36 The Cold War Begins, 1945-1952
Identify the historical significance of the following:
subversives            Gross National Product        “Operation Dixie”
Taft-Hartley Act        Servicemen’s Readjustment Act    Harry S. Truman
George F. Kennan        Douglas MacArthur            Dean Acheson
Joseph McCarthy        The Rosenbergs            Strom Thurmond
Henry Wallace        Thomas Dewey            Adlai Stevenson
Dwight Eisenhower        Richard M. Nixon            Yalta Conference
United Nations        Nuremberg trials            iron curtain
Berlin airlift            containment doctrine        Truman Doctrine
Marshall Plan        National Security Act        NATO
McCarran Act        Point Four program            Fair Deal
NSC-68            House Committee on Un-American Activities
Dennis v. United States    States’ Rights Party (Dixiecrats)    “Grand Alliance”
“missionary diplomacy”    “sphere of influence”        World Bank
IMF                “Missouri Gang”            UN Conferencec
Big Five Powers        UNESCO                WHO
satellite nations        Reinhold Niebuhr            George C. Marshall
European Community    Joint Chiefs of Staff            Israel
“Voice of America”        Central Intelligence Agency    National Security Agency
Mao Zedong            Jiang Jeshi                Japanese constitution of 1946
Taiwan            H-bomb                Smith Act 1940
HUAC            loyalty oaths/program        J. Strom Thurmond
Progressive party        “dollar imperialism            Housing Act 1949
38th parallel            “police action”            “limited war”
Be able to explain the following fully:
–Outline the major events in the development of the Cold War.  What responsibility does the US bear for the development of tension?  What responsibility does the Soviet Union bear?
— Analyze the effects of the Cold War on the home front, highlighting the anticommunist “witch hunt.”
— Explain the development and application of the policy of containment, using the Marshall Plan, Truman Doctrine, NATO and the Korean Conflict.

Chapter 37 The Eisenhower Era, 1952-1960
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Dwight Eisenhower        Joseph McCarthy            Earl Warren
Rosa Parks            Martin Luther King, Jr.        Ho Chi Minh
Ngo Dinh Diem        Gamal Abdel Nasser        Nikita Krushchev
Fidel Castro            McCarthyism            “creeping socialism”
desegregation        “massive retaliation”        military-industrial complex
Brown v. Board of Ed.        Plessy v. Ferguson            Civil Rights Act of 1957
Geneva Conference        SEATO                Hungarian revolt
Suez crisis            Eisenhower Doctrine        Strategic Air Command
U-2 incident            Sputnik I and II            “missile gap”
National Defense Education Act                    SNCC
braceros            “New Look”                John Foster Dulles
televangelists        John Kenneth Galbraith        Betty Friedan
“pink-collar ghetto”        information age            Adlai Stevenson
“Checkers” speech        purges                Lonely Crowd/Organization Man/etc.
Gunnar Myerdal        Jackie Robinson            NAACP
Thurgood Marshall        Sweatt v. Painter            Jim Crow statutes
“To Secure These Rights”    Central High School            “Dec of Constitutional Principles’
sit-ins                termination (and relocation)    Interstate Highway Act 1956
“New Look”            John Foster Dulles            “spirit of Geneva”
Mohammed Reza Pahlavi    “oil weapon”                Teamsters
NASA                coup in Guatemala            John F. Kennedy
Kennedy/Nixon debates    Fulgencio Batista            Paris conference
“kitchen debate”        22nd Amendment            Alaska/Hawai’i
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Compare and contrast Eisenhower’s responses to domestic affairs (McCarthyism, civil rights) with his handling of foreign policy (Castro, Hungary, Vietnam).  In which area was he more successful?  Why do you think this was so?
— Outline the ways in which Joseph McCarthy manipulated his colleagues, his president, and the American public.  Why was he so powerful?  How did he finally meet his downfall?
— What types of covert activities was the CIA involved in during the 1950s?

Chapter 38 The Stormy Sixties, 1960-1968
Identify the historical significance of the following:
John F. Kennedy        Robert F. Kennedy            Robert S. McNamara
Medgar Evers        Martin Luther King, Jr.        Lee Harvey Oswald
Lyndon Baines Johnson    Barry Goldwater            Malcolm X
Stokely Carmichael        J. William Fulbright            Eugene McCarthy
Hubert H. Humphrey    Richard M. Nixon            George Wallace
flexible response        peaceful coexistence            “nuclear chicken”
Peace Corps            Viet Cong                Alliance for Progress
Bay of Pigs            War on Poverty            domino theory
Great Society            Tonkin Gulf Resolution        Civil Rights Act of 1964
Cuban missile crisis        March on Washington        24th Amendment
Voting Rights Act 1965    Operation Rolling Thunder    Pueblo incident
Tet offensive            counterculture            Berlin Wall
“Atlantic Community”    EEOC                    Freedom Summer
entitlements            Nation of Islam            “Black Power”
Six Day War            affirmative action            “New Frontier”
Kennedy Round        Charles de Gaulle            Common Market/ European Union
Laos                “brushfire wars”            military advisors
“modernization theory”    Walt Rostow                quarantine
civil rights address 1963    détente                Freedom Riders
James Meredith        Birmingham                Medgar Evers
Title VII            HUD                    Nat’l Endowment for Arts
Medicare/Medicaid        Project Head Start            Miss. Freedom Dem. Party
SNCC                Black Panther Party            PLO
“credibility gap”        hawks/doves            Cointelpro
Am Independent Party    Mattachine Society            The Pill
SDS                communes                “tuning out”
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain the escalation of American involvement in Vietnam under Kennedy and Johnson, and highlight the domestic impact of the war.  How did the doctrine of “flexible response” influence US actions.
— Analyze Kennedy’s response to Cold War crises, especially those dealing with Cuba and Russia.  What were the effects of the heightened tension and fears of nuclear war?
–Evaluate and compare the presidency of Johnson with that of Kennedy.
— Compare and contrast the Great Society with the New Deal.
— Examine the movements for minority rights in the 1960s, from civil rights to black power and the American Indian Movement.  Which movements were most successful—those who supported non-violence, or those who advocated using “any means necessary?”

Chapter 39 The Stalemated Seventies, 1968-1980
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Richard Nixon            Spiro Agnew            Henry Kissinger
Earl Warren                Warren Burger        George McGovern
Sam Erwin                John Dean            Gerald Ford
Jimmy Carter            shah of Iran            Ayatollah Khomeini
détente                impoundment        revenue sharing
executive privilege            Vietnamization        Nixon Doctrine
My Lai                Cambodia            Kent State
26th Amendment            Pentagon Papers        ABM Treaty
SALT    (I and II)            “southern strategy”        Watergate
Saturday Night Massacre        War Powers Act        energy crisis
Helsinki accords            Engel v. Vitale        OPEC
Iranian hostage crisis        Griswold v. Connecticut    oil embargo/”oil shocks”
Camp David agreement        1980 Olympic boycott    Panama Canal Treaty
“liberal establishment”        “China card”            Salvador Allende
Augusto Pinochet            Gideon v. Wainwright    Escobedo v. Illinois
Miranda v. Arizona            AFDC                Abingdon Township v. Schempp
SSI                    Philadelphia Plan        Griggs v. Duke Power Co.
reverse discrimination        affirmative action        EPA/Clean Air Act
Rachel Carson            Endangered Species Act    “peace with honor”
“New Isolationism”            CREEP            International Energy Agency
“dirty tricks”                Spiro Agnew            25th Amendment
Watergate affair            House Judiciary Cmte    “smoking gun”
feminists                ERA                Title IX
Phyllis Schlafly            US v. Wheeler            Reed v. Reed/ Frontiero v. Richardson
Bakke decision            Anwar Sadat            Menachem Begin
Afghanistan                US embargo to USSR
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Assess the influence of economic factors on the domestic situation during the 1970s, including the energy crisis.
— Evaluate the impact of the Warren Court on American life, highlighting important cases and their consequences.
— Describe the end of American involvement in Vietnam.  How has the experience in Vietnam continued to influence American policy?
— Analyze and critique Nixon’s performance as a president.
— Evaluate the impact the Nixon years had on America.  Emphasize the causes and effects of the Watergate scandal.

Chapter 40 The Resurgence of Conservatism, 1980-1996
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Jimmy Carter            Edward Kennedy            Ronald Reagan
James Watt                John Anderson            Anwar Sadat
Walter Mondale            Gary Hart                Jesse Jackson
Gerraldine Ferrarro            Sandra Day O’Connor        affirmative action
“Supply-side” economics        reverse discrimination        Moral Majority
Chappaquiddick            Reaganomics                Solidarity
Lech Walesa                Grenada invasion            yuppies
SDI                    Roe v. Wade                Milliken v. Bradley
“neoconservatives”            Bakke v. Board of Regents        Jeanne Kirkpatrick
Iran- contra                Sandinistas                glasnost
perestroika                “Teflon president”            “Sagebrush rebellion”
“morning in America”        “Old Right”/New Right”        “social engineering”
“ABC movement”            Proposition 13            John Anderson
“big-government”            “tight money” policies        Reagan recession
“window of vulnerability”        Strategic Defense Initiative        Olympic boycott
Lebanon                Sandinistas                El Salvador
INF                    “evil empire”            Mikhail Gorbachev
“revenue hole”            “welfare state”            Jerry Falwell
“identity politics”            Webster and Casey decisions    S&L failures
“Black Monday”            “rainbow coalition”            Michael Dukakis
George H. W. Bush            Tienanmen Square            Boris Yeltsin
Commonwealth of Ind. States    START II                Nelson Mandela
Manuel Noriega            Operation Desert Storm        Norman Schwarzkopf
ADA                    Clarence Thomas            Anita Hill
“gender gap”            Richard Hofstadter            George Will
Be able to explain the following fully:
–Analyze the successes and failures of Ronald Reagan in achieving his goals as stated at the start of his presidency.  Why was Reagan called the “Teflon president” by some opponents?
— Explain the revival of the Cold War in the 1980s.  How did the Cold War end?  How much credit should Ronald Reagan receive in causing the fall of Communism is the Soviet Union and Eastern bloc?  Why do you think this happened?
— How did the new conservatism affect social issues in the US during the 1980s?  Was this a backlash against the liberality of the 1960s and 1970s? Explain.
–Compare the presidencies of Reagan and Clinton.

Chapter 23 terms and comprehension questions

These are due on Monday, December 8!


Ulysses S. Grant ___________greenbacks____________ “Ohio Idea”
“waving the bloody shirt”_____repudiation_____________speculation
Jay Cooke________________“Black Friday”___________Chester Arthur
William Belknap___________general amnesty act_______Panic of 1873
contraction_______________Half-Breeds___________Civil Rights Act/Cases
tenant farming____________crop lien system _______“equal protection clause”
Roscoe Conkling__________Jim Fisk______________Grover Cleveland
Jay Gould _______________Rutherford Hayes_______James Garfield
cheap money_____________hard/sound money______Gilded Age
spoils system____________Resumption Act_________Stalwart
Tweed Ring_______________Whiskey Ring________Greenback Labor Party
Compromise of 1877_________Pendleton Act________Liberal Republicans
Blank- Allison Act__________Credit Mobilier___________Tammany Hall
great railroad strike _______Chinese Exclusion Act _______Mugwumps
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Analyze the corruption of the Gilded Age in relation to the increasingly low moral and political standards of the time. Contrast the quality of politicians with those of the previous age.
— Examine the presidential elections of the period in relation to the fierce competition of the third party system.
— Trace the history of the Fourteenth Amendment. Why is it one of the most significant parts of the Constitution?

Vocabulary for April 2-5


Words of the Day for the week of February 5-9

These are the words we discussed during this week. Make sure you know what they mean and how to use them correctly.

New terms:
gunboat diplomacy
Brahmin as in”Boston Brahmin”

Greek and Latin roots:
mort- death
non- not
ambi- both
dis- not, free from, undo
belli- war

words of the day for the week of January 22-26

These were the words to which we were introduced during this week. If I have forgotten any, please put them in the comments and I will add them.

New words:
Anti-imperialists criticized imperialism as the antithesis of American values.
The US believed it had a divine imperative for expansion.
Spreading democracy was criticized as a rationalization for imperialism.
The US attempted to pacify the Philippines through a policy known as “benevolent assimilation.”
Most people demonstrate great zeal in defending their country.
It is presumptuous to assume that some struggling nations want the help of a foreign power in dealing with their problems.
prima facie
A prima facie argument is one that, at first sight, seems true.
Football is a game that is often analogous to warfare.
The Hay-Pauncefote treaty abrogated the Clayton-Bulwer treaty.
The Monroe Doctrine repudiated the idea of European intervention in Latin American affairs.
Protestant missionaries from America began to proselytize the people of Hawai’i beginning in the mid-19th century.
In my quest to meet my budget I have cut all superfluous expenses.
mite (definition 2; see also this link.)
In the letter from the unknown Philadelphia woman, she claimed that she had given her mite for the cause of the Revolution.

Greek and Latin roots:
bene- good, well, favorable
vol- to wish (to do because you wish to)
anti- against
prima, primo- first
facie- appearance, face
super- excess
flu- flow

Words of the day for the week of January 8-11

These were the words to which we were introduced during this week If I have forgotten any, please put them in the comments and I will add them.

New Words:

Greek and Latin roots:
eu- good
logy- word, study, speech

Words of the day for the week of January 3-5

The following were the vocabulary words we discussed in class from January 3-5. It was a busy week for vocabulary! I expect you to be able to use these words in your writing and reading.

Please let me know if I have omitted any words!

Review words:
status quo
(Remember last semester that there was also the phrase “status quo antebellum” as well!)

New words:

Greek and Latin roots:
ante– to come before
belli– war, warlike
ism– belief
ced– to go
phil– to love
anthro– humanity, humankind

Update on Ch. 26 and death of President Gerald Ford

I hope everyone is having a restful break!

If you can get your Chapter 26 outlines done by January 3, in time for your terms check, you can earn some extra credit. I meant to make them due the 4th, but mistyped. This has been corrected now.

I have added some links over to the left that will help those of you struggling with vocabulary used in legal documents that we discuss. Please make use of these links to help you improve your vocabulary, which is an area with which many of you struggle. The AP exam is written at a college reading level and assumes that you know a college-level vocabulary. These links are entitled:

Common Latin Words and Phrases Used in English

Commonly Used Terms- US Courts

Constitutional Dictionary 

If anyone has a list of the “Words of the Day” that I have gone over with you in class during discussion, I would appreciate it if you could email those to me or post them in the comments section. I will then make a post of words so that we can review them. The problem is that I do them off the top of my head, and sometimes don’t get a chance to keep a record of them.

By the way, former President Gerald Ford passed away yesterday at the age of 93. There is an excellent article about his life an accomplishments in the newspaper. This is a link to the article, and there are others: This is an Associated Press special report , and this is a timeline of his life.

Have a Happy New Year!