Terms for Semester 2 Chapters

(Chapter 24 was covered last semester, but I left it here to help remind you of some of the things we discussed right before finals and our long break since the two chapters go together nicely and overlap somewhat. Chapter 25 is right below here, so don’t give me any nonsense!)

Chapter 24, Industry Comes of Age, 1865-1900
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Union Pacific Railroad—–Central Pacific Railroad—–Big Four
Collis Huntington—–Thomas Edison—–John Pierpont Morgan
Terence V. Powderly—–Andrew Carnegie—–John Altgeld
Interstate Commerce Act—–trust    —–Bessemer process
“Drake’s Folly” —–Sherman Antitrust Act—–Gibson Girl
lockout—–company town—–National Labor Union
American Fed. of Labor—–Haymarket riot—–Knights of Labor
Samuel Gompers—–Mary Harris Jones—– “closed shop”
Cornelius Vanderbilt—–John D. Rockefeller—–Jay Gould
vertical integration—–horizontal integration—–pool
rebate    —–interlocking directorate—–injunction
standard time—–US Steel—–Gospel of Wealth
the Grange—–William Graham Sumner    —–yellow dog contract
American Federation of Labor—–New South
Northern Pacific Railroad—–Great Northern Railroad
James J. Hill—–“wedding of the rails”—-“Paddies”
Pullman Palace Cars—–“stock watering” —–  Colored National Labor Union
scabs—– “Pittsburgh plus” pricing—– Birmingham steel
piecework—– James B. Duke—–Herbert Spencer
“Social Darwinism” —–Russell Conwell—–plutocracy
“Napoleon of the Smokestacks” —– “survival of the fittest”
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain the central role of the railroads in late 19th century America.
— Examine the dramatic impact of “big business” and the new industrial corporations on the American economy and American life in general.
— Examine the gains and losses for various groups (business, labor, women, minorities, immigrants) accruing from industrialization.

Chapter 25, America Moves to the City, 1865-1900
Identify the historical significance of the following:
“walking city” —–dumbbell tenement—–flophouses
suburbs/bedroom communities—–New Immigrants—– “America letters”
political machines—–settlement house—–Florence Kelley
nativism—–Am. Protective Assoc. —–Dwight Moody
Fundamentalism—–Modernists—– “normal schools”
Jane Addams    —–W.E.B. Du Bois—–William James
Mary Baker Eddy—–Henry George—–Horatio Alger
Hull House—–Booker T. Washington—–Mark Twain
yellow journalism—–philanthropy—–pragmatism
NAACP—–Chatauqua movement—–18th Amendment
“talented tenth” —–land grant colleges—–Hatch Act
Morill Act—–Comstock Law—–social gospel
Carnegie libraries—–yellow journalism    —–Emily Dickinson
Carrie Chapman Catt—–NAWSA—–Ida B. Wells
WCTU—–Buffalo Bill—–James Naismith
Victoria Woodhull—–Charlotte Perkins Gilman—– “The Metaphysical Club”
Carrie Nation—–padrone system    —–Walter Rauschenbusch
settlement houses—–Florence Kelley—–Salvation Army/ YMCA
Joseph Pulitzer—–Wm. Randolph Hearst—–James Gibbons
John Dewey—–Oliver W. Holmes—– “birds of passage”
Bret Harte —– Henry Street Settlement —– Louis Sullivan
mail order —– P. T. Barnum —– Illinois anti-sweatshop law
Salvation Army —–Charles Darwin/”natural selection” —–Lamarckians
“accomodationists” (THERE ARE 2 MEANINGS FOR THIS TERM!)
Tuskegee Institute —–George Washington Carver —–Johns Hopkins
Hatch Act —–Stephen Crane—–Edward Bellamy
“learning by doing” —–Lochner v. New York —–Kate Chopin
“social novelists —–”divorce revolution” —– James Whistler

Chapter 26 The Great West and the Agricultural Revolution, 1865-1890
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Treaty of Ft. Laramie (1851) –reservation system– Indian Territory
Sand Creek massacre–  John Chivington —    Fetterman massacre
George Custer —      Treaty of Ft. Laramie (1868)–  7th Cavalry
Little Big Horn–        Chief Joseph–            Sitting Bull
Geronimo–            buffalo(bison)–            Helen Hunt Jackson
Sun Dance–            Ghost Dance–            assimilation
Battle of Wounded Knee–    Dawes Severalty Act —   Carlisle Indian School
James Weaver —       Bozeman Trail  —      Black Hills
Joseph Glidden–        William Cody–        Fifty-niners
Sioux Wars–            Comstock Lode–        Granger Laws
Greenback Labor Party–    Homestead Act–        Farmers’ Alliance
Eighty-niners  —      Populists–            “Helldorados”
Apache  —          James Hickok —       blizzards of 1886-7
boomers —           sooners   —         “cow towns”
Pike’s Peakers —       Cattle Kingdom–        “Centennial State”
longhorns —          soddies —           “beef barons”
Long Drive —           John Wesley Powell–        barbed wire
Grange–            Frederick Jackson Turner–    deflation
Wabash case  —          Coxey’s Army–        Eugene Debs
Marry Ellen Lease —       J. P. Altgeld–            Pullman Strike
“government by injunction”–                Cross of Gold speech
William J. Bryan —       16 to 1 —               free-silver
“Battle of ‘96” —       William McKinley
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain the importance of the bison to the Plains tribes.  How was this dependence exploited by whites?
— Examine the various phases of economic activity in the West: mining, cattle ranching, and agriculture.  How was each era eventually dominated by big business, and why?
— Analyze the pressures leveled against the Native Americans during the last half of the 19th century through each of the following:
a) treaty and removal;
b) the reservation system;
c) allotment and assimilation.
— Explain the geographical forces which made the Dawes Act’s provision unsuitable for the great settlement push onto the Plains.
— Analyze how life in the West was particularly unique for women.
— Examine the influence of the railroads upon the lives of settlers, and outline the actions farmers attempted to take to counteract the railroads’ power.
— Outline the main points of Turner’s frontier thesis, and recent scholarship regarding this idea.

Chapter 27 Empire and Expansion, 1890-1909
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Alfred Thayer Mahan–        George Dewey —       James Blaine
Richard Olney–            Theodore Roosevelt —       jingoism
imperialism–                Pan-American Conference–    Rough Riders
San Juan Hill–                Philippines–            Cuba Libre
Foraker Act  —              USS Maine —           Treaty of Paris
Teller Amendment–            Platt Amendment–        insular cases
Queen Liliuokalani —           Emilio Aguinaldo —       Butcher Weyler
Republic of Hawai’i —           Venezuelan Crisis–        Joseph Pulitzer
Sanford Dole–                Great White Fleet —       Guantanamo Bay
self-determination–            annexation–            anti-imperialism
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Analyze the deep economic conflicts of the 1890s in the context of the depression of 1893.
— Outline the basic reasons for the labor disputes of the 1890s.  Highlight the main events.  How did the government’s adherence to laissez-faire became a bias toward management?  How did labor respond?

Chapter 28 Progressivism and the Republican Roosevelt
Identify the historical significance of the following:
progressives–            Henry Demarest Lloyd
Thorsten Veblen—             Jacob Riis —            Theodore Dreiser
popular magazines–             muckrakers–             Lincoln, Steffens
Ida Tarbell —                “money trust”–         David G. Phillips
Ray Stannard Baker —        John Spargo–             patent medicines
“Poison Squad”–             direct primary–         initiative
referendum —                recall —                graft
Australian ballot  —           17th Amendment–         suffragists
city-manager system–         Wisconsin–             Robert La Follette
Hiram Johnson–             Charles Evans Hughes–     Women’s Trade Union League
National Consumers League–     “wet”/”dry” —        Children’s/Women’s Bureau
Florence Kelley–             Muller v. Oregon —        Louis Brandeis
Lochner v. New York —        Triangle Shirtwaist Co.  —   WCTU
Frances Willard —            18th Amendment–         “Square Deal”
coal strike of 1902–             arbitration–             Dept. of Commerce and Labor
trust-busting–                 Elkins Act–             Hepburn Act
Northern Securities decision–     William H. Taft —        Upton Sinclair/ The Jungle
Meat Inspection Act–         Pure Food and Drug Act —    Desert Land Act
Forest Reserve Act —            Carey Act —            Newlands Act
Gifford Pinchot —            Sierra Club/John Muir–     Hetch Hetchy
environmentalists–             “rational use” policy–     “wilderness was waste”
“multiple use resource management” —                Bureau of Reclamation
“Roosevelt Panic” —            Aldrich-Vreeland Act–     William Jennings Bryan
“dollar diplomacy”–             Manchurian railroad–     Nicaragua
“rule of reason” —            Standard Oil Co.–         US Steel
“Mother of Trusts”–             Payne-Aldrich Bill —        Richard Ballinger
New Nationalism–             Victor Berger
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Analyze the goals of the Progressive movement, using legislation for examples.
— Examine the relationship between Progressivism and previous political or reform movements.
— Outline the birth of the conservation movement under Theodore Roosevelt.  How did Roosevelt’s experiences make him amenable to conservationism?

Chapter 29 Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad, 1912-1916
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Woodrow Wilson–        New Nationalism–            Federal Farm Loan Act
Eugene V. Debs —       New Freedom —           Seaman’s Act
Louis D. Brandeis  —      Underwood Tariff Act  —      Workingmen’s
Pancho Villa —           Federal Reserve Act    —                   Compensation Act
John J. Pershing —       Federal Trade Commission–        Central Powers
Kaiser Wilhelm II —       Clayton Act–                Allies
holding company–        Adamson Act —           Serbia
Lusitania —           Arabic —                   Sussex
“predatory” trusts —       “bull moose”–                Herbert Croly
Eugene V. Debs–        “lone wolf”–                “triple wall of privilege”
16th Amendment —       Arsene Pujo–                Federal Reserve Board
Federal Reserve Notes–    Federal Farm Loan Act —       Panama Canal Tolls Act
Jones Act —           crisis with Japan, 1913–        Haiti
Dominican Republic–    Virgin Islands–            Victoriano Huerta
Venustiano Carranza —   Vera Cruz/Tampico–        ABC Powers
Columbus, NM–        Blood Money–                JP Morgan & Co.
Sussex pledge —       Charles Evans Hughes —       “He Kept Us Out of War”
Richard Hofstadter–        “status anxiety”  —          “organizational school”
“female dominion”
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Assess America’s neutrality at the outset of World War I.  Consider both Wilson’s policies in regard to Britain and Germany as well as public sentiment.  Did American actions mirror American policy? Explain.
— Outline how Wilson’s attempt to promote American-style democracy in Mexico led him into military intervention and near-war.
— Analyze why Wilson found himself headed to the brink of war with Germany over the use of submarines.
— Compare and contrast Roosevelt’s New Nationalism and Wilson’s New Freedom programs.  Which seems to be the more realistic response to industrialization, and why?

Chapter 30 The War to End War, 1917-1918
Identify the historical significance of the following:
George Creel —           Marshal Foch–        Eugene V. Debs
Herbert Hoover  —      Henry Cabot Lodge —       Warren G. Harding
self-determination–        Zimmermann note–        14 Points
IWW/”Wobblies”–        League of Nations —       War Industries Board
Big Four–            Cmte on Pub. Info–        18th Amendment
19th Amendment–        Treaty of Versailles  —      Espionage and Sedition Acts
Bolsheviks–            reparations  —          conscription
war-guilt clause  —      1919 steel strike  —      Great Migration
Article X —           Chateau- Thierry —       Influenza Epidemic of 1918
“peace without victory”–    Jeannette Rankin–        unrestricted submarine warfare
“four-minute men” —       “Hun”  —          “liberty cabbage/steak”
“Big Bill” Haywood–        Schenck v. United States–    Bernard Baruch
“work or fight” rule —       Samuel Gompers/AFL–    Council of National Defense
inflation —           race riots   —         National Women’s Party
Alice Paul  —          NAWSA–            19th Amendment
Women’s Bureau–        Sheppard-Towner Act–    Food/Fuel Administration
victory gardens–        concrete ships–        Liberty Loan/Bond/Victory Loan
John Singer Sargent —       St. Mihiel  —          Meuse-Argonne offensive
Alvin C. York–        doughboys —           “irreconcilables”
Security Treaty–        Lodge reservations–        “solemn referendum”
James M. Cox —       Warren G. Harding  —      “Wilsonianism”
“zero-sum game” —       “moralism/legalism”–    “imperialism of free trade”
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Evaluate and explain Wilson’s Fourteen Points, and explain how this great plan was received in both America and Europe.  Which were successfully achieved and which were not? Why?
— Analyze the opposition to the Versailles treaty and the League.  Why did the United States fail to join the League?  Consider the roles of Wilson and Lodge, and their antipathy toward each other, in your response.
— President Wilson observed that women’s suffrage was “a vitally necessary war measure.”  Why?
— Assess the significance of Wilson’s idealism on
a) his call for American entry into WWI;
b) his Fourteen Points;
c) his campaign for American membership in the League of Nations.

Chapter 31 American Life in the “Roaring Twenties,” 1919-1929
Identify the historical significance of the following:
A. Mitchell Palmer–        Al Capone  —          John Dewey
H. L. Mencken —       Bruce Barton   —         Sigmund Freud
Andrew Mellon —       Henry Ford  —          Andrew Mellon
John T. Scopes   —     Frederick W. Taylor  —      Frank Lloyd Wright
William Jennings Bryan —   Charles Lindbergh–        William Faulkner
Clarence Darrow–        Margaret Sanger–        Ernest Hemigway
nativist  —          buying on margin —       red scare
Sacco and Vanzetti case–    Immigration Quota Act–    flappers
Ku Klux Klan–        F. Scott Fitzgerald–        Florida land boom
Emergency Quota Act–    Volstead Act —           Billy Sunday
closed/open shop–        Anglo-Saxon —           Immigration Act of 1924
speakeasies   —         Horace Kallen/pluralism —   Randolph Bourne/cosmopolitanism
moonshiners–            “G-men” —           bootleggers
Al Capone  —          “Public Enemy No. 1” —   “Monkey trial”
organized crime —       John Dewey–            blues/ jazz
Clarence Darrow  —      Fundamentalism  —      Mass consumption
George H. Ruth —       Buying on credit —       The Man Nobody Knows
Ford/Olds–            H. L. Mencken —       assembly line/mass production
Model T–            Wright Brothers —       Alice Paul
Marconi–            KDKA  —          Thomas Edison
Great Train Robbery–        Birth of a Nation —       The Jazz Singer
Langston Hughes —       Marcus Garvey/UNIA–    Sinclair Lewis
Pound/ Eliot/ Frost  —      Greenwich Village–        Harlem renaissance
Equal Rights Amendment   —                 tax reduction
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain the significance of the case of Gitlow v. New York (1925), which is alluded to on p. 721. You will have to use outside sources.
— Analyze the turning inward of American society as a response to the disillusionment in the aftermath of WWI.
— Discuss the conflicts between religion and science that shook America in the 1920s, using the Scopes trial as a metaphor or example.  In what ways is this conflict still resonating today?
— Examine the economic and social consequences of the development of the economic trend of mass consumption.

Chapter 32 The Politics of Boom and Bust, 1920-1932
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Warren Harding–        Albert B. Fall  —              John Davis
Charles Evans Hughes–    Harry Daugherty–            Robert LaFollette
Andrew Mellon  —      Charles Forbes —           Alfred E. Smith
Herbert Hoover —       Calvin Coolidge —           “Ohio Gang”
farm block  —          Reconstruction Finance Corp.–    Dawes Plan
Washington Conference–    Bonus Army  —              “black gold”
Muller v. Oregon —       Adkins v. Children’s Hospital —  American Legion
Nine-Power Treaty —       Kellogg-Briand Pact —           Teapot Dome
McNary-Haugen Bill–    Progressive Party–            moratorium
“noble experiment” —       Federal Farm Board–            “Black Tuesday”
Hoovervilles —           Muscle Shoals Bill —           Stimson doctrine
“debt knot”  —          “wheat belt” —               Capper-Volstead Act
Andrew Mellon–        Adkins v. Children’s Hospital–    Fordney-McCumber Tariff
“farm bloc” —           “honest little Finland”  —     Hoovercrats
Agricultual Marketing Act–    “rugged individualism”  —      “trickle-down”
Hoover Dam  —          Reconstruction Finance Corp.–    Adjusted Compensation Act
Veterans Bureau —       steel strike- 1919  —          Nicaragua
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Contrast the corrupt Harding with the upright Coolidge and Hoover.  How did each president represent the ideals of the probusiness 1920s in his own way?
–Outline the social and political conditions in the 1920s which led to the Great Depression.  Did the Republican party fail to react?

Chapter 33 The Great Depression and the New Deal, 1933-1939
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Franklin D. Roosevelt —       Father Coughlin —           George Norris
Eleanor Roosevelt —           Huey Long —               John L. Lewis
Harry Hopkins —           Harold Ickes–                New Deal
Public Works Administration–    National Labor Relations Board–    “Brain Trust”
Agricultural Adjustment Act–    Congress of Industrial Orgs–    Dust Bowl
Hundred Days  —          Glass-Steagall Act  —          Liberty League
Securities & Exchange Comm. —   Tennessee Valley Authority —   “managed currency”
Roosevelt coalition —           Civilian Conservation Corps —   20th Amendment
Federal Housing Authority–    20st Amendment —           Social Security Act
Works Progress Administration —   Wagner Act–                National Recovery Act
Schechter case  —          Agricultural Adjustment Act–    “three Rs”
Federal Emergency Relief Act–    “Share Our Wealth”–           Frances Perkins
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act —               Okies
Indian Reorganization Act —       John Collier —               San Joaquin Valley
Alf Landon   —             Fair Labor Standards Act  —      Court-packing scheme
Hatch Act  —              subversives  —              Emergency Congress
21st Amendment  —          “forgotten man” —           “half-way revolution”
Alan Brinkley —           Lizabeth Cohen  —          Carl Degler
“Roosevelt recession”–        John Maynard Keynes–        Hatch Act
Court-packing plan  —          Memorial Day massacre–        sit-down strike
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Describe the impact of Roosevelt and the New Deal upon America.
— Examine the goals and activities of the major New Deal programs.
— Analyze the costs and benefits to the American people by the massive spending engendered by the New Deal. What effects did this spending have?
— Respond to the following statement: “Roosevelt went too far in correcting the flaws of capitalism and laissez-faire.  In creating his New Deal programs, he undermined the traditions of the Protestant work ethic and rugged individualism, which had been the bedrock of American society.”

Chapter 34 Franklin Roosevelt and the Shadow of War, 1933-1941
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Cordell Hull  —              Adolf Hitler   —         Charles Lindbergh
Joseph Stalin–                Francisco Franco  —      Wendell Wilkie
Benito Mussolini —           Winston Churchill —       totalitarianism
isolationism —               Neutrality Acts —       Neville Chamberlain
lend-lease —               appeasement —           Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act
Spanish Civil War  —          Nazis  —              Quarantine speech
America First Committee–       Atlantic Charter  —      fascism
“merchants of death” —       “cash-and-carry” —       Nye committee
“phony war” —               Nonaggression Pact —       Munich Pact
Tydings-McDuffie Act  —      “Good Neighbor” policy —   London Economic Conference
“Colossus of the North”  —      nonintervention —       Rome-Berlin Axis
Tripartite Pact–            Ethiopia  —          Johnson Debt-Default Act
Panay    —                Sudentenland   —     Dunkirk
Lebensraum  —              conscription  —          Havana Conference
Battle of Britain  —          “Fortress America” —       Cmte to Defend Am by Aiding Allies
Destroyer Deal —           Reuben James —           “Black Sunday”
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain the causes of American isolationism in the 1930s, and trace the reasons for the disintegration of this isolationism.
— Describe the fierce debates between internationalists and isolationists, especially between 1939 and 1941.
— Examine whether America could maintain a policy of isolationism in light of her previous imperialism.

Chapter 35 America in World War II, 1941-1945

Identify the historical significance of the following:
ABC-1 —               “Double V” —           Office of Price Administration
Smith-Connelly Act —       baby boomers —       merchant marine
“warfare-welfare state”–    Enigma —           Detroit race riot
saboteurs–            internment camps —       War Production Board
Issei —               Nissei  —              black market
Smith-Conally Act  —      WAACS  —          WAVES
SPARS —           GI  —              “Rosie the Riveter”
Sunbelt–            A. Philip Randolph–        Fair Employment Practices Comm.
braceros —           CORE–                code talkers
zoot-suit riots —       OSRD  —              Bataan/Corregidor
Douglas MacArthur–        Battle of the Coral Sea —   Chester Nimitz
Battle of Midway–        Guadalcanal  —          leapfrogging
wolf packs —           “Desert Fox” —           Bernard Montgomery
Stalingrad  —          Dwight Eisenhower —       Casablanca Conference
unconditional surrender —   Teheran–            D-Day
Aachen–            George S. Patton —      underground
Thomas E. Dewey–        Henry A. Wallace–        Battle of the Bulge
Harry S. Truman–        V-E Day  —          Okinawa
kamikazes —           “soft underbelly”–        Potsdam Conference
Hiroshima–            Nagasaki–            USS Missouri
Korematsu v. US —       V-J Day–            Executive Order No. 9066
B-29s —               Saipan —               “silent service”
El Alamein —           Big Two —           “Marianas Turkey Shoot”
Potsdam —           Jiang Jeshi —           Anzio
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain how the decision to seek unconditional surrender of Germany was a potentially controversial decision. Outline the basic strategy used to defeat Hitler.
— Explain why Germany was the first target of the allies.  What particular danger did Hitler pose by the time America entered the war?
— Explain the reasons an invasion of Japan was so widely feared, and demonstrate what effect this fear had on the creation of an atomic bomb.

Chapter 36 The Cold War Begins, 1945-1952
Identify the historical significance of the following:
subversives ——-Gross National Product ———–“Operation Dixie”
Taft-Hartley Act —-Servicemen’s Readjustment Act —-Harry S. Truman
George F. Kennan—-Douglas MacArthur —-Dean Acheson
Joseph McCarthy —-The Rosenbergs —-Strom Thurmond
Henry Wallace —-Thomas Dewey—-Adlai Stevenson
Dwight Eisenhower—-Richard M. Nixon—–Yalta Conference
United Nations—–Nuremberg trials——iron curtain
Berlin airlift—–containment doctrine—–Truman Doctrine
Marshall Plan——National Security Act——NATO
McCarran Act——Point Four program——Fair Deal
NSC-68————House Committee on Un-American Activities
Dennis v. United States——States’ Rights Party (Dixiecrats)——“Grand Alliance”
“missionary diplomacy” ——“sphere of influence” ——World Bank
IMF——–“Missouri Gang”———UN Conference
Big Five Powers——–UNESCO————WHO
satellite nations——-Reinhold Niebuhr——–George C. Marshall
European Community——-Joint Chiefs of Staff —Israel
“Voice of America”———Central Intelligence Agency——-National Security Agency
Mao Zedong——Jiang Jeshi——-Japanese constitution of 1946
Taiwan—–H-bomb———Smith Act 1940
HUAC——loyalty oaths/program—-J. Strom Thurmond
Progressive party——“dollar imperialism”—— Housing Act 1949
38th parallel——–“police action” ——–“limited war”
Be able to explain the following fully:
–Outline the major events in the development of the Cold War. What responsibility does the US bear for the development of tension? What responsibility does the Soviet Union bear?
— Analyze the effects of the Cold War on the home front, highlighting the anticommunist “witch hunt.”
— Explain the development and application of the policy of containment, using the Marshall Plan, Truman Doctrine, NATO and the Korean Conflict.

Chapter 37 The Eisenhower Era, 1952-1960
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Dwight Eisenhower—–Joseph McCarthy ——-Earl Warren
Rosa Parks ——Martin Luther King, Jr. ——Ho Chi Minh
Ngo Dinh Diem —-Gamal Abdel Nasser ——Nikita Krushchev
Fidel Castro ——McCarthyism——- “creeping socialism”
desegregation ——-“massive retaliation” ——-military-industrial complex
Brown v. Board of Ed. ——Plessy v. Ferguson —–Civil Rights Act of 1957
Geneva Conference ——SEATO ———Hungarian revolt
Suez crisis—— Eisenhower Doctrine——- Strategic Air Command
U-2 incident——- Sputnik I and II ——-“missile gap”
National Defense Education Act ———SNCC
braceros—— “New Look” ———John Foster Dulles
televangelists ——-John Kenneth Galbraith ——-Betty Friedan
“pink-collar ghetto” —–information age ——Adlai Stevenson
“Checkers” speech —–purges ——–Lonely Crowd/Organization Man/etc.
Gunnar Myerdal ——Jackie Robinson——- NAACP
Thurgood Marshall ——Sweatt v. Painter ——-Jim Crow statutes
“To Secure These Rights” ——Central High School ——“Declaration of Constitutional Principles’
sit-ins —-termination (and relocation) ——Interstate Highway Act 1956
“New Look” —–John Foster Dulles —–“spirit of Geneva”
Mohammed Reza Pahlavi —–“oil weapon” ——Teamsters
NASA ——-coup in Guatemala ——–John F. Kennedy
Kennedy/Nixon debates —–Fulgencio Batista ——–Paris conference
“kitchen debate” —–22nd Amendment ——-Alaska/Hawai’i
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Compare and contrast Eisenhower’s responses to domestic affairs (McCarthyism, civil rights) with his handling of foreign policy (Castro, Hungary, Vietnam). In which area was he more successful? Why do you think this was so?
— Outline the ways in which Joseph McCarthy manipulated his colleagues, his president, and the American public. Why was he so powerful? How did he finally meet his downfall?
— What types of covert activities was the CIA involved in during the 1950s?

Chapter 38 The Stormy Sixties, 1960-1968
Identify the historical significance of the following:
John F. Kennedy —–Robert F. Kennedy ——Robert S. McNamara
Medgar Evers —–Martin Luther King, Jr.—— Lee Harvey Oswald
Lyndon Baines Johnson ——Barry Goldwater ——Malcolm X
Stokely Carmichael —–J. William Fulbright —–Eugene McCarthy
Hubert H. Humphrey ——Richard M. Nixon ——–George Wallace
flexible response —–peaceful coexistence ——“nuclear chicken”
Peace Corps Viet Cong ——Alliance for Progress
Bay of Pigs ——-War on Poverty ——domino theory
Great Society ——Tonkin Gulf Resolution ——–Civil Rights Act of 1964
Cuban missile crisis ——March on Washington ——24th Amendment
Voting Rights Act 1965 ——Operation Rolling Thunder —–Pueblo incident
Tet offensive —–counterculture —–Berlin Wall
“Atlantic Community” —–EEOC ——Freedom Summer
entitlements —–Nation of Islam ——“Black Power”
Six Day War ——affirmative action ——“New Frontier”
Kennedy Round —–Charles de Gaulle —–Common Market/ European Union
Laos —–“brushfire wars” ——military advisors
“modernization theory” —–Walt Rostow ——quarantine
civil rights address 1963 —–détente ——-Freedom Riders
James Meredith ——Birmingham ——Medgar Evers
Title VII ——–HUD ——–Nat’l Endowment for Arts
Medicare/Medicaid ——-Project Head Start ——-Miss. Freedom Dem. Party
SNCC —–Black Panther Party ——PLO
“credibility gap” —–hawks/doves ——Cointelpro
Am Independent Party —–Mattachine Society ——-The Pill
SDS —–communes ——“tuning out”
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Explain the escalation of American involvement in Vietnam under Kennedy and Johnson, and highlight the domestic impact of the war. How did the doctrine of “flexible response” influence US actions.
— Analyze Kennedy’s response to Cold War crises, especially those dealing with Cuba and Russia. What were the effects of the heightened tension and fears of nuclear war?
–Evaluate and compare the presidency of Johnson with that of Kennedy.
— Compare and contrast the Great Society with the New Deal.
— Examine the movements for minority rights in the 1960s, from civil rights to black power and the American Indian Movement. Which movements were most successful—those who supported non-violence, or those who advocated using “any means necessary?”

Chapter 39 The Stalemated Seventies, 1968-1980
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Richard Nixon, Spiro Agnew, Henry Kissinger
Earl Warren, Warren Burge,r George McGovern
Sam Erwin, John Dean, Gerald Ford
Jimmy Carter, shah of Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini
détente, impoundment, revenue sharing
executive privilege, Vietnamization, Nixon Doctrine
My Lai, Cambodia, Kent State
26th Amendment, Pentagon Papers, ABM Treaty
SALT (I and II), “southern strategy,” Watergate
Saturday Night Massacre, War Powers Act, energy crisis
Helsinki accords, Engel v. Vitale, OPEC
Iranian hostage crisis, Griswold v. Connecticut, oil embargo/”oil shocks”
Camp David agreement, 1980 Olympic boycott, Panama Canal Treaty
“liberal establishment,” “China card,” Salvador Allende
Augusto Pinochet, Gideon v. Wainwright, Escobedo v. Illinois
Miranda v. Arizona, AFDC, Abingdon Township v. Schempp
SSI, Philadelphia Plan, Griggs v. Duke Power Co.
reverse discrimination, affirmative action, EPA/Clean Air Act
Rachel Carson, Endangered Species Act, “peace with honor”
“New Isolationism,” CREEP, International Energy Agency
“dirty tricks,” Spiro Agnew, 25th Amendment
Watergate affair, House Judiciary Cmte, “smoking gun”
feminists, ERA, Title IX
Phyllis Schlafly, US v. Wheeler, Reed v. Reed/ Frontiero v. Richardson
Bakke decision, Anwar Sadat, Menachem Begin
Afghanistan, US embargo to USSR
Be able to explain the following fully:
— Assess the influence of economic factors on the domestic situation during the 1970s, including the energy crisis.
— Evaluate the impact of the Warren Court on American life, highlighting important cases and their consequences.
— Describe the end of American involvement in Vietnam. How has the experience in Vietnam continued to influence American policy?
— Analyze and critique Nixon’s performance as a president.
— Evaluate the impact the Nixon years had on America. Emphasize the causes and effects of the Watergate scandal.

Chapter 40 The Resurgence of Conservatism, 1980-1996
Identify the historical significance of the following:
Jimmy Carter, Edward Kennedy Ronald Reagan
James Watt John Anderson Anwar Sadat
Walter Mondale Gary Hart Jesse Jackson
Gerraldine Ferrarro Sandra Day O’Connor affirmative action
“Supply-side” economics reverse discrimination Moral Majority
Chappaquiddick Reaganomics Solidarity
Lech Walesa Grenada invasion yuppies
SDI Roe v. Wade Milliken v. Bradley
“neoconservatives” Bakke v. Board of Regents Jeanne Kirkpatrick
Iran- contra Sandinistas glasnost
perestroika “Teflon president” “Sagebrush rebellion”
“morning in America” “Old Right”/New Right” “social engineering”
“ABC movement” Proposition 13 John Anderson
“big-government” “tight money” policies Reagan recession
“window of vulnerability” Strategic Defense Initiative Olympic boycott
Lebanon Sandinistas El Salvador
INF “evil empire” Mikhail Gorbachev
“revenue hole” “welfare state” Jerry Falwell
“identity politics” Webster and Casey decisions S&L failures
“Black Monday” “rainbow coalition” Michael Dukakis
George H. W. Bush Tienanmen Square Boris Yeltsin
Commonwealth of Ind. States START II Nelson Mandela
Manuel Noriega Operation Desert Storm Norman Schwarzkopf
ADA Clarence Thomas Anita Hill
“gender gap” Richard Hofstadter George Will
Be able to explain the following fully:
–Analyze the successes and failures of Ronald Reagan in achieving his goals as stated at the start of his presidency. Why was Reagan called the “Teflon president” by some opponents?
— Explain the revival of the Cold War in the 1980s. How did the Cold War end? How much credit should Ronald Reagan receive in causing the fall of Communism is the Soviet Union and Eastern bloc? Why do you think this happened?
— How did the new conservatism affect social issues in the US during the 1980s? Was this a backlash against the liberality of the 1960s and 1970s? Explain.
–Compare the presidencies of Reagan and Clinton.

Chapter 41 American Confronts to Post-Cold War Era, 1992-2009
Identify the historical significance of the following:
WMD, William Clinton, Albert Gore
Democratic Leadership Council, “family values,” J. Danforth Quayle
“it’s the economy, stupid,” H. Ross Perot/Reform Party, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, “don’t ask, don’t tell,” Hillary Rodham Clinton
budget surpluses(!), Brady Bill, assault weapon ban
Oklahoma City Bombing, term-limit laws, Columbine
Newt Gingrich, Contract With America, Welfare Reform
balanced budget, “mend it not end it,” Hopwood v. Texas
McCain-Feingold Act, Somalia, Rwanda
Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milosevic, Yitzhak Rabin
PLO, Yasir Arafat, Madeleine Albright
Lewinsky affair, “New Democrat,” centrist
Whitewater, globalization, “ethnic cleansing
Al Gore, Joseph Lieberman, George W. Bush
Richard Cheney, chads, compassionate conservativism
Kyoto Treaty, ANWR, USS Cole, 9/11
anthrax, Al Qaeda, Osama bin Laden
Guantanamo, USA PATRIOT Act, Dept of Homeland Security
regime change, axis of evil, preemptive war
Colin Powell, Abu Ghraib, jihadist, Enron, NCLB
Nancy Pelosi, Donald Rumsfeld, “surge” in Iraq
“post-partisan,” Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

3 responses to this post.

  1. Posted by steve on April 13, 2009 at 2:37 pm

    what about chapters 40 and 41?


  2. Posted by steve on April 13, 2009 at 2:37 pm

    i meant 41 and 42?


  3. Posted by Janna on December 7, 2009 at 3:59 pm

    chapter 23 isn’t here!!!!!


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